lay(redirected from lays before)
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v. laid, lay•ing,
- lay - As in layperson, it derives from Greek laikos, "of the people"—as opposed to clerics.
- nest egg - Poultry farmers formerly placed a porcelain or other fake egg in a hen's nest to encourage it to lay more eggs—from this came nest egg, money saved to encourage the making of more.
- lay, lie - To lay is to place something; to lie is to recline.
- oviposit - To lay an egg.
2. Setting of a weapon for a given range, a given direction, or both.
3. To drop one or more aerial bombs or aerial mines onto the surface from an aircraft.
4. To spread a smoke screen on the ground from an aircraft.
5. To calculate or project a course.
6. To lay on: a. to execute a bomber strike; b. to set up a mission.
Lay is a transitive verb, and it is also a past tense of another verb, lie.
To lay something somewhere means to put it there carefully or neatly.
The other forms of lay are lays, laying, laid.
Lie is an intransitive verb with two different meanings.
To lie somewhere means to be there in a horizontal position, or to get into that position.
When lie is used like this, its other forms are lies, lying, lay, lain. The -ed participle lain is rarely used.
Past participle: laid
|Noun||1.||lay - a narrative song with a recurrent refrain|
song, vocal - a short musical composition with words; "a successful musical must have at least three good songs"
minstrelsy - ballads sung by minstrels
|2.||lay - a narrative poem of popular origin |
Edda - either of two distinct works in Old Icelandic dating from the late 13th century and consisting of 34 mythological and heroic ballads composed between 800 and 1200; the primary source for Scandinavian mythology
|Verb||1.||lay - put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a certain point"|
docket - place on the docket for legal action; "Only 5 of the 120 cases docketed were tried"
cock - set the trigger of a firearm back for firing
postpose - place after another constituent in the sentence; "Japanese postposes the adpositions, whereas English preposes them"
prepose - place before another constituent in the sentence; "English preposes the adpositions; Japanese postposes them"
step - place (a ship's mast) in its step
put back, replace - put something back where it belongs; "replace the book on the shelf after you have finished reading it"; "please put the clean dishes back in the cabinet when you have washed them"
stratify - form, arrange, or deposit in layers; "The fish are stratified in barrels"; "The rock was stratified by the force of the water"; "A statistician stratifies the list of names according to the addresses"
plant - place something or someone in a certain position in order to secretly observe or deceive; "Plant a spy in Moscow"; "plant bugs in the dissident's apartment"
intersperse - place at intervals in or among; "intersperse exclamation marks in the text"
pile - place or lay as if in a pile; "The teacher piled work on the students until the parents protested"
arrange, set up - put into a proper or systematic order; "arrange the books on the shelves in chronological order"
superpose - place (one geometric figure) upon another so that their perimeters coincide
park - place temporarily; "park the car in the yard"; "park the children with the in-laws"; "park your bag in this locker"
dispose - place or put in a particular order; "the dots are unevenly disposed"
emplace - put into place or position; "the box with the ancestors' ashes was emplaced on the top shelf of the house altar"
emplace - provide a new emplacement for guns
ship - place on board a ship; "ship the cargo in the hold of the vessel"
underlay - put (something) under or beneath; "They underlaid the shingles with roofing paper"
trench - set, plant, or bury in a trench; "trench the fallen soldiers"; "trench the vegetables"
pigeonhole - place into a small compartment
shelve - place on a shelf; "shelve books"
jar - place in a cylindrical vessel; "jar the jam"
repose - to put something (eg trust) in something; "The nation reposed its confidence in the King"
sign - place signs, as along a road; "sign an intersection"; "This road has been signed"
middle - put in the middle
parallelize - place parallel to one another
butt - place end to end without overlapping; "The frames must be butted at the joints"
recess - put into a recess; "recess lights"
reposition - place into another position
throw, thrust - place or put with great energy; "She threw the blanket around the child"; "thrust the money in the hands of the beggar"
rack up - place in a rack; "rack pool balls"
coffin - place into a coffin; "her body was coffined"
bed - put to bed; "The children were bedded at ten o'clock"
appose - place side by side or in close proximity
place down, put down, set down - cause to sit or seat or be in a settled position or place; "set down your bags here"
misplace - place or position wrongly; put in the wrong position; "misplaced modifiers"
juxtapose - place side by side; "The fauvists juxtaposed strong colors"
set down - put or settle into a position; "The hotel was set down at the bottom of the valley"
bottle - put into bottles; "bottle the mineral water"
bucket - put into a bucket
barrel - put in barrels
ground - place or put on the ground
mislay, misplace, lose - place (something) where one cannot find it again; "I misplaced my eyeglasses"
upend - set, turn, or stand on end; "upend the box and empty the contents"
seat - place in or on a seat; "the mother seated the toddler on the high chair"
|2.||lay - put in a horizontal position; "lay the books on the table"; "lay the patient carefully onto the bed"|
lay, place, put, set, position, pose - put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a certain point"
rail - lay with rails; "hundreds of miles were railed out here"
lay - lay eggs; "This hen doesn't lay"
blow - lay eggs; "certain insects are said to blow"
entomb, inhume, inter, lay to rest, bury - place in a grave or tomb; "Stalin was buried behind the Kremlin wall on Red Square"; "The pharaohs were entombed in the pyramids"; "My grandfather was laid to rest last Sunday"
rebury - bury again; "After the king's body had been exhumed and tested to traces of poison, it was reburied in the same spot"
|3.||lay - prepare or position for action or operation; "lay a fire"; "lay the foundation for a new health care plan"|
|4.||lay - lay eggs; "This hen doesn't lay"|
spawn - lay spawn; "The salmon swims upstream to spawn"
|5.||lay - impose as a duty, burden, or punishment; "lay a responsibility on someone"|
|Adj.||1.||lay - characteristic of those who are not members of the clergy; "set his collar in laic rather than clerical position"; "the lay ministry"|
|2.||lay - not of or from a profession; "a lay opinion as to the cause of the disease"|
nonprofessional - not professional; not engaged in a profession or engaging in as a profession or for gain; "the nonprofessional wives of his male colleagues"; "nonprofessional actors"
I haven't laid eyes on him for years → hace años que no lo veo
I didn't lay a finger on it! → ¡no lo toqué!
to lay sth flat → extender algo (sobre la mesa )
I don't know where to lay my hands on → no sé dónde echar mano a or conseguir ...
to lay sth over or on sth → extender algo encima de algo
to lay the table (Brit) → poner la mesa
the best laid plans (of mice and men) can go astray → el hombre propone y Dios dispone
to lay a claim before sb → presentar una reivindicación a algn
to lay the facts before sb → presentar los hechos a algn
see also charge A1
see also claim A2
to lay a town flat → arrasar or destruir una ciudad
he has been laid low with flu → la gripe lo ha tenido en cama
to lay o.s. open to attack/criticism → exponerse al ataque/a la crítica
to be laid to rest → ser enterrado
to lay that → apostar a que ...
they're laying bets on who is going to leave next → hacen apuestas sobre quién será el próximo en marcharse
see also odds 1
it lays its eggs on/in [fish, amphibian, insect] → deposita los huevos or desova en ...
the lay of the land (US) → la configuración del terreno (fig) → la situación, el estado de las cosas
to come into lay → empezar a poner huevos
to go out of lay → dejar de poner huevos
to lay o.s. down → tumbarse, echarse
to lay down one's life for sth/sb → dar su vida por algo/algn
to lay it down that → asentar que ..., dictaminar que ...
see also law A2
to lay in supplies → aprovisionarse
to lay in supplies of sth → proveerse or abastecerse de algo
to lay off cigarettes → dejar de fumar (cigarrillos)
lay off it! → ¡ya está bien!, ¡déjalo por Dios!
you rent the hall and we'll lay on the refreshments → usted alquila la sala y nosotros nos hacemos cargo de or ponemos los refrigerios
everything's laid on → todo está dispuesto
they laid on a car for me → pusieron un coche a mi disposición
to lay it on thick or with a trowel (= exaggerate) → recargar las tintas
the house is well laid out → la casa está bien distribuida
the town is well laid out → la ciudad tiene un trazado elegante
he laid himself out to please → se volcó por complacerla/los
he's laying up trouble for himself → se está creando or buscando problemas
she was laid up for weeks → tuvo que guardar cama durante varias semanas
She laid the baby in her cot → Elle a mis le bébé dans son lit.
to lay the facts before sb → présenter les faits à qn
to lay one's proposals before sb → présenter ses propositions à qn
to lay the blame on sb → rejeter la faute sur qn
She refused to lay the blame on any one party → Elle refusa de rejeter la faute sur un parti en particulier.
A man came to lay the carpet → Un homme est venu pour poser la moquette.
to lay a trap for sb → tendre un piège à qn
to lay the foundations for sth (fig) → jeter les fondations de qch
The table was laid for lunch → La table était mise pour le déjeuner.
He said it was six months since he'd last got laid → Il a dit que ça faisait six mois qu'il n'avait pas baisé.
Raymond claims that Ducruet and his bodyguard laid into him → Raymond prétend que Ducruet et son garde du corps lui sont tombés dessus.
to lay off doing sth → arrêter de faire qch
They laid on extra buses → Ils ont mis en place un service de bus supplémentaire.
Clothes and jewels were laid out on the ground → On avait disposé les vêtements et les bijoux sur le sol.
Maxwell listened closely as Johnson laid out his plan → Maxwell écoutait attentivement tandis que Johnson exposait son plan.
lay4 vb: pret, ptp <laid>
lay1 [leɪ] adj (Rel) → laico/a, secolare; (brother, sister) → laico/a (fig) (non-specialist) → profano/a
lay3 [leɪ] (laid (pt, pp))
to lay sth over sth → stendere qc su qc
to lay sth on sth → coprire qc con qc
to lay the facts/one's proposals before sb → presentare i fatti/delle proposte a qn
to be laid low with flu → essere costretto/a a letto con l'influenza
to be laid to rest (euph) (buried) → essere sepolto/a
to get laid (fam!) → scopare (fam!)
I don't know where to lay my hands on it → non saprei dove trovarlo
to lay o.s. open to attack/criticism → esporsi agli attacchi/alle critiche
to lay the blame (for sth) on sb → dar la colpa (di qc) a qn
to lay claim to sth → reclamare qc, accampare diritti mpl su qc
to lay odds or a bet on sth → scommettere su qc
to lay down one's life for sb/sth → sacrificare la propria vita per qn/qc
to lay down the law (fig) → dettar legge
lay off him! → non rompergli le scatole!, lascialo in pace!
to lay on (for) (meal, entertainment) → offrire (a) (facilities, transport) → mettere a disposizione (di)
to lay it on thick (fam) (flatter) → andarci pesante con i complimenti; (exaggerate) → metterla giù dura
the way the house is laid out → la disposizione della casa
to lay up trouble for o.s → crearsi dei guai
lay1(lei) – past tense, past participle laid (leid) – verb
lie takes no object and has lying as its present participle, lay as its past tense and lain as its past participle: Please lie down ; He lay down ; He had lain there for hours .
lie , to be untruthful, has lying as its present participle, and lied as its past tense and past participle: She (has always) lied about her age .