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Related to lead: lead poisoning
v. led, lead•ing,
n., adj. v.t.
n., v. lead•ed, lead•ing. n.
Lead is used with various related meanings as a verb, singular noun, or countable noun, and with a totally different meaning and pronunciation as an uncountable noun.
If you lead (
You do not say that you 'lead' someone somewhere in a car. You say that you drive or take them there.
The person who has the lead in a race or competition is the one who is winning.
You often say that someone is in the lead.
A dog's lead is a chain or long piece of leather or plastic which is attached to the dog's collar so that you can control the dog.
Note that the American word for this item is leash.
Past participle: led
|Noun||1.||lead - an advantage held by a competitor in a race; "he took the lead at the last turn"|
|2.||lead - a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey; "the children were playing with lead soldiers"|
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
cerussite, white lead ore - a mineral consisting of lead carbonate that is an important source of lead
galena - soft blue-grey mineral; lead sulfide; a major source of lead
hard lead - unrefined lead that is hard because of the impurities it contains
pig lead - lead that is cast in pigs
|3.||lead - evidence pointing to a possible solution; "the police are following a promising lead"; "the trail led straight to the perpetrator"|
|4.||lead - a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead'); "he takes the lead in any group"; "we were just waiting for someone to take the lead"; "they didn't follow our lead"|
|5.||lead - the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile)|
angle - the space between two lines or planes that intersect; the inclination of one line to another; measured in degrees or radians
|6.||lead - the introductory section of a story; "it was an amusing lead-in to a very serious matter"|
|7.||lead - (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning|
score - a number that expresses the accomplishment of a team or an individual in a game or contest; "the score was 7 to 0"
deficit - (sports) the score by which a team or individual is losing
|8.||lead - an actor who plays a principal role|
co-star - one of two actors who are given equal status as stars in a play or film
|9.||lead - (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; "he took a long lead off first"|
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
|10.||lead - an indication of potential opportunity; "he got a tip on the stock market"; "a good lead for a job"|
|11.||lead - a news story of major importance|
|12.||lead - the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine|
timing - the time when something happens
|13.||lead - restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal|
|14.||lead - thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing|
|15.||lead - mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil|
lead pencil - pencil that has graphite as the marking substance
|16.||lead - a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire; "it was a tangle of jumper cables and clip leads"|
clip lead - a short piece of wire with alligator clips on both ends
jumper - a small connector used to make temporary electrical connections
|17.||lead - the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge; "the lead was in the dummy"|
turn, play - (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession; "it is my turn"; "it is still my play"
|Verb||1.||lead - take somebody somewhere; "We lead him to our chief"; "can you take me to the main entrance?"; "He conducted us to the palace"|
beacon - guide with a beacon
hand - guide or conduct or usher somewhere; "hand the elderly lady into the taxi"
misguide, mislead, lead astray, misdirect - lead someone in the wrong direction or give someone wrong directions; "The pedestrian misdirected the out-of-town driver"
|2.||lead - have as a result or residue; "The water left a mark on the silk dress"; "Her blood left a stain on the napkin"|
give rise, bring about, produce - cause to happen, occur or exist; "This procedure produces a curious effect"; "The new law gave rise to many complaints"; "These chemicals produce a noxious vapor"; "the new President must bring about a change in the health care system"
lead - tend to or result in; "This remark lead to further arguments among the guests"
leave - act or be so as to become in a specified state; "The inflation left them penniless"; "The president's remarks left us speechless"
leave - have left or have as a remainder; "That left the four of us"; "19 minus 8 leaves 11"
|3.||lead - tend to or result in; "This remark lead to further arguments among the guests"|
entail, implicate - impose, involve, or imply as a necessary accompaniment or result; "What does this move entail?"
necessitate - cause to be a concomitant
|4.||lead - travel in front of; go in advance of others; "The procession was headed by John"|
draw away - move ahead of (one's competitors) in a race
|5.||lead - cause to undertake a certain action; "Her greed led her to forge the checks"|
cause, induce, stimulate, make, get, have - cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner; "The ads induced me to buy a VCR"; "My children finally got me to buy a computer"; "My wife made me buy a new sofa"
give - guide or direct, as by behavior of persuasion; "You gave me to think that you agreed with me"
|6.||lead - stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; "Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets"|
be - occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere; "Where is my umbrella?" "The toolshed is in the back"; "What is behind this behavior?"
come - extend or reach; "The water came up to my waist"; "The sleeves come to your knuckles"
ray, radiate - extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center; "spokes radiate from the hub of the wheel"; "This plants radiate spines in all directions"
range, run - change or be different within limits; "Estimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion"; "Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"; "The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"; "My students range from very bright to dull"
|7.||lead - be in charge of; "Who is heading this project?"|
direct - be in charge of
chair, chairman - act or preside as chair, as of an academic department in a university; "She chaired the department for many years"
captain - be the captain of a sports team
spearhead - be the leader of; "She spearheaded the effort to find a cure for the disease"
|8.||lead - be ahead of others; be the first; "she topped her class every year"|
|9.||lead - be conducive to; "The use of computers in the classroom lead to better writing"|
|10.||lead - lead, as in the performance of a composition; "conduct an orchestra; Barenboim conducted the Chicago symphony for years"|
music - musical activity (singing or whistling etc.); "his music was his central interest"
perform, do, execute - carry out or perform an action; "John did the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters"; "the skater executed a triple pirouette"; "she did a little dance"
conduct - lead musicians in the performance of; "Bernstein conducted Mahler like no other conductor"; "she cannot conduct modern pieces"
|11.||lead - lead, extend, or afford access; "This door goes to the basement"; "The road runs South"|
be - occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere; "Where is my umbrella?" "The toolshed is in the back"; "What is behind this behavior?"
|12.||lead - move ahead (of others) in time or space|
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
|13.||lead - cause something to pass or lead somewhere; "Run the wire behind the cabinet"|
guide, pass, run, draw - pass over, across, or through; "He ran his eyes over her body"; "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine"; "He drew her hair through his fingers"
|14.||lead - preside over; "John moderated the discussion"|
my limbs felt like lead or as heavy as lead → los brazos y las piernas me pesaban como plomo
they filled him full of lead → lo acribillaron a balazos
to swing the lead → fingirse enfermo, racanear, hacer el rácano
lead acetate N → acetato m de plomo
lead crystal N → cristal m (que contiene óxido de plomo)
lead oxide N → óxido m de plomo
lead paint N → pintura f a base de plomo
lead pencil N → lápiz m
lead pipe N → tubería f de plomo
lead poisoning N → saturnismo m, plumbismo m, intoxicación f por el plomo
lead shot N → perdigonada f
lead2 [liːd] (led (vb: pt, pp))
to be in the lead (gen) → ir a la or en cabeza, ir primero (Sport) → llevar la delantera; (in league) → ocupar el primer puesto
to have two minutes' lead over sb → llevar a algn una ventaja de dos minutos
to have a lead of half a length → tener medio cuerpo de ventaja
to take the lead (Sport) → tomar la delantera; (= take the initiative) → tomar la iniciativa
to follow sb's lead → seguir el ejemplo de algn
to give sb a lead → guiar a algn, dar el ejemplo a algn, mostrar el camino a algn
the police have a lead → la policía tiene una pista
to follow up a lead → seguir or investigar una pista
to play the lead → tener el papel principal
to sing the lead → llevar la voz cantante
with Greta Garbo in the lead → con Greta Garbo en el primer papel
dogs must be kept on a lead → los perros deben llevarse con traílla
it's my lead → soy mano, salgo yo
it's your lead → tú eres mano, sales tú
if the lead is in hearts → si la salida es a corazones
to lead sb to a table → conducir a algn a una mesa
kindly lead me to him → haga el favor de conducirme a su presencia or de llevarme donde está
they led him into the king's presence → lo condujeron ante el rey
what led you to Venice? → ¿qué te llevó a Venecia?, ¿con qué motivo fuiste a Venecia?
this road leads you back to Jaca → por este camino se vuelve a Jaca
this leads me to an important point → esto me lleva a un punto importante
this discussion is leading us nowhere → esta discusión no nos lleva a ninguna parte
to lead the way (lit) → ir primero (fig) → mostrar el camino, dar el ejemplo
to lead the field (Sport) → ir a la cabeza, llevar la delantera
they lead the field in this area of research → son los líderes en este campo de la investigación
Britain led the world in textiles → Inglaterra era el líder mundial en la industria textil
Roberts leads Brown by four games to one → Roberts le aventaja a Brown por cuatro juegos a uno
they led us by 30 seconds → nos llevaban una ventaja de 30 segundos
to lead a busy life → llevar una vida muy ajetreada
to lead a full life → llevar or tener una vida muy activa, llevar or tener una vida llena de actividades
to lead sb a miserable life → amargar la vida a algn
see also dance A1
see also life A3
we were led to believe that → nos hicieron creer que ...
what led you to this conclusion? → ¿qué te hizo llegar a esta conclusión?
he is easily led → es muy sugestionable
to lead sb into error → inducir a algn a error
he is leading by an hour/ten metres → lleva una hora/diez metros de ventaja
you lead → sales tú, tú eres mano
she led with the three of clubs → salió con el tres de tréboles
we need someone who knows how to lead → necesitamos una persona que sepa estar al mando or que tenga dotes de mando
to lead to [street, corridor] → conducir a; [door] → dar a
this street leads to the station → esta calle conduce a la estación, por esta calle se va a la estación
this street leads to the main square → esta calle sale a or desemboca en la plaza principal
this road leads back to Burgos → por este camino se vuelve a Burgos
to lead to → llevar a
it led to his arrest → llevó a su detención
all my enquiries led nowhere → mis indagaciones no llevaron a nada
it led to war → condujo a la guerra
it led to a change → produjo un cambio
one thing led to another → una cosa nos/los llevó a otra ...
it all leads back to the butler → todo nos lleva de nuevo al mayordomo (como sospechoso)
lead story N → reportaje m principal
lead time N → plazo m de entrega
he was led away by the police → se lo llevó la policía
we must not be led away from the main issue → no nos apartemos del asunto principal
to lead in with → empezar con
the streets that lead off (from) the square → las calles que salen de la plaza
a room leading off (from) another → una habitación que comunica con otra
to have the lead → occuper la tête, mener
Grangemouth had the lead for 20 minutes → Grangemouth a occupé la tête pendant 20 minutes., Grangemouth a mené pendant 20 minutes.
to be in the lead (in race, league table) → être en tête, mener; (in match) → mener à la marque, mener au score
He was in the lead and did not lose it → Il a été en tête de bout en bout., Il a mené de bout en bout.
Our team is in the lead → Notre équipe mène à la marque., Notre équipe mène au score.
to take the lead, to go into the lead (in game) → prendre l'avantage au score; (in league tables, leaderboard) → passer en tête
New Zealand went into an early lead → La Nouvelle Zélande a pris l'avantage au score tôt dans le match.
their commanding lead in the opinion polls → leur avance importante dans les sondages
A commanding lead for the opposition is emerging throughout the country → Une avance importante pour l'opposition émerge à travers tout le pays.
to have a lead of 5 points [team, player] → avoir une avance de 5 points, mener de cinq points
to have a two-goal lead → avoir une avance de deux buts, mener de deux buts
A poll put Labour one per cent in the lead → Un sondage donnait les travaillistes en tête d'un pour cent.
Many others followed his lead → Beaucoup d'autres suivirent ses traces., Beaucoup d'autres lui emboîtèrent le pas.
Perhaps we should follow the lead of politicians and never explain why we did a certain thing → Peut-être devrions nous suivre les traces des politiciens et ne jamais expliquer le pourquoi de nos actes., Peut-être devrions nous emboîter le pas aux politiciens et ne jamais expliquer le pourquoi de nos actes.
to give a moral lead → exercer un ascendant moral
the need for the president to give a moral lead → la nécessité pour le président d'exercer un ascendant moral
They took the lead in the development of naval aviation → Ils ont ouvert la voie au développement de l'aviation navale.
to take the lead in doing sth → ouvrir la voie en faisant qch
The nurse led me to a large room → L'infirmière me mena or me conduisit à une grande pièce.
to lead the way (= go in front) → ouvrir la marche
She grabbed his suitcase and led the way → Elle se saisit de sa valise et ouvrit la marche.
to lead the way in doing sth (= be a pioneer) → ouvrir la voie en faisant qch
They have led the way in shrinking the size of CD-players → Ils ont ouvert la voie en rétrécissant la taille des platines CD.
to lead sb astray → détourner qn du droit chemin
I led the conversation around to her job → J'ai amené la conversation sur son travail.
to lead sb to believe that ... → amener qn à croire que ...
to lead sb to do sth → amener qn à faire qch
What led you to do this work? → Qu'est-ce qui vous a amené à faire ce travail?
He led the country between 1949 and 1984 → Il a dirigé le pays entre 1949 et 1984., Il a été à la tête du pays entre 1949 et 1984.
to be led by → être dirigé(e) par
The Labour Party was led by Wilson → Le parti travailliste était dirigé par Wilson.
She led a normal, happy life with her sister and brother → Elle menait une vie normale, heureuse avec sa sœur et son frère.
to lead a busy life → mener une vie bien remplie
Tom was leading; I followed behind → Tom ouvrait la marche; je suivais derrière., Tom allait en tête; je suivais derrière.
Spurs lead by four goals to two → Tottenham mène par quatre buts à deux.
to lead to [road, path] → mener à
the street that leads to the station → la rue qui mène à la gare
to lead straight to → mener droit à
A path leads straight to Stonehenge → Un sentier mène droit à Stonehenge.
tensions that could lead to civil war → des tensions qui pourraient mener à une guerre civile
What led to the final break-up?
BUT Qu'est-ce qui amena cette rupture définitive?.
Whenever there was a dance he and I led off → À chaque fois qu'il y avait une soirée dansante, nous ouvrions le bal, lui et moi.
Some of them were crying, as they were led off → Certains pleuraient alors qu'on les emmenait.
to lead sb off [+ plane, pitch] → conduire qn hors de
The passengers were led off the plane → Les passagers furent conduits hors de l'avion.
Three rooms lead off the courtyard → Trois pièces donnent sur la cour.
I bet she led him on → Je parie qu'elle l'a fait marcher.
the events that led up to her death → les événements qui ont conduit à sa mort
the weeks leading up to Christmas → les semaines qui précèdent Noël
lead2 vb: pret, ptp <led>
lead1 [liːd] (led (vb: pt, pp))
to lead the way → fare strada
to lead astray → sviare
he is easily led → si lascia facilmente convincere or influenzare
to lead the field → essere in testa (fig) → essere all'avanguardia nel campo
to be in the lead (Sport) → essere in testa (fig) → essere all'avanguardia
to be in the lead by 5 points to 4 → condurre or essere in testa per 5 a 4
to take the lead (Sport) → passare in testa (fig) → prendere l'iniziativa
to have a 3-second lead → avere un vantaggio di 3 secondi
to follow sb's lead → seguire l'esempio di qn
it's your lead (Cards) → sei tu di mano
what's all this leading up to? → dove vuoi andare a parare?