lean


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Related to lean: Kanban, Lean manufacturing

lean 1

 (lēn)
v. leaned, lean·ing, leans
v.intr.
1. To bend or slant away from the vertical.
2. To incline the weight of the body so as to be supported: leaning against the doorpost. See Synonyms at slant.
3. To rely for assistance or support: Lean on me for help.
4. To have a tendency or preference: a government that leans toward fascism.
5. Informal To exert pressure: The boss is leaning on us to meet the deadline.
v.tr.
1. To set or place so as to be resting or supported: leaned the ladder against the wall.
2. To cause to incline: leaned the boards so the rain would run off.
n.
A tilt or an inclination away from the vertical.

[Middle English lenen, from Old English hleonian; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]

lean 2

 (lēn)
adj. lean·er, lean·est
1.
a. Not fleshy or fat; thin.
b. Containing little fat or less fat relative to a standard: lean hamburger.
2.
a. Not productive or prosperous; meager: lean years.
b. Containing little excess or waste; spare: a lean budget.
c. Thrifty in management, especially by employing just enough people to accomplish a task or do business: "Company leaders know their industries must be lean to survive" (Christian Science Monitor).
3.
a. Metallurgy Low in mineral contents: lean ore.
b. Chemistry Lacking in combustible material: lean fuel.
n.
Meat with little or no fat.

[Middle English lene, from Old English hlǣne.]

lean′ly adv.
lean′ness n.
Synonyms: lean2, skinny, scrawny, lank, lanky, gaunt
These adjectives mean lacking excess flesh. Lean emphasizes absence of fat but usually suggests good health: Fattened the lean cattle for market. Skinny and scrawny imply unattractive thinness, as from undernourishment: The stray dog in the alley looked very scrawny. Lank describes one who is thin and tall, and lanky one who is thin, tall, and ungraceful: "He was ... exceedingly lank, with narrow shoulders" (Washington Irving).
The boy had developed into a lanky adolescent. Gaunt implies boniness and a haggard appearance; it may suggest illness or hardship: a white-haired pioneer, her face gaunt from overwork.

lean

(liːn)
vb, leans, leaning, leaned or leant
1. (foll by: against, on, or upon) to rest or cause to rest against a support
2. to incline or cause to incline from a vertical position
3. (intr; foll by to or towards) to have or express a tendency or leaning
4. lean over backwards informal to make a special effort, esp in order to please
n
the condition of inclining from a vertical position
[Old English hleonian, hlinian; related to Old High German hlinēn, Latin clīnāre to incline]

lean

(liːn)
adj
1. (esp of a person or an animal) having no surplus flesh or bulk; not fat or plump
2. not bulky or full
3. (of meat) having little or no fat
4. not rich, abundant, or satisfying
5. (Automotive Engineering) (of a mixture of fuel and air) containing insufficient fuel and too much air: a lean mixture.
6. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) (of printer's type) having a thin appearance
7. (of a paint) containing relatively little oil
8. (Mining & Quarrying) (of an ore) not having a high mineral content
9. (Civil Engineering) (of concrete) made with a small amount of cement
n
(Cookery) the part of meat that contains little or no fat
[Old English hlǣne, of Germanic origin]
ˈleanly adv
ˈleanness n

Lean

(liːn)
n
(Biography) Sir David. 1908–91, English film director. His films include In Which We Serve (1942), Blithe Spirit (1945), Brief Encounter (1946), Great Expectations (1946), Oliver Twist (1948), The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Dr Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984)

lean1

(lin)

v. leaned (esp. Brit.) leant, lean•ing, v.i.
1. to incline or bend from a vertical position: to lean out the window.
2. to incline, as in a particular direction; slant: The post leans to the left.
3. to incline in feeling, opinion, action, etc.: to lean toward socialism.
4. to rest or lie for support: to lean against a wall.
5. to depend or rely (usu. fol. by on or upon): someone to lean on in an emergency.
v.t.
6. to incline or bend: He leaned his head forward.
7. to cause to lean or rest; prop: to lean a chair against a railing.
8. lean on, Informal. to pressure or threaten.
n.
9. the act or state of leaning; inclination.
[before 900; Middle English lenen, Old English hleonian, hlinian, c. Old Saxon hlinōn, Old High German (h)linēn]

lean2

(lin)

adj. , -er, -est,
n. adj.
1. (of persons or animals) without much flesh or fat; thin: lean cattle.
2. (of meat) containing little or no fat.
3. lacking in richness, fullness, quantity, etc.: a lean diet; lean years.
4. spare; economical.
5. (of a mixture in a fuel system) having a relatively low ratio of fuel to air (contrasted with rich).
6. (of paint) having more pigment than oil. Compare fat (def. 17).
7. (of ore) having a low mineral content.
n.
8. the part of flesh that consists of muscle rather than fat.
9. the lean part of anything.
[before 1000; Middle English lene, Old English hlǣne]
lean′ly, adv.
lean′ness, n.

lean

  • extenuate - Comes from the Latin verb extenuare, "make thin or lean," and originally meant "to treat as of small importance, make light of."
  • macilent - Means "lean, thin" or "shriveled," i.e. lacking in substance.
  • recubation, recumb - Recubation is reclining in a near-horizontal position; to recumb is to "lean, recline, rest."
  • streaky - Describes bacon with alternating strips of fat and lean.

lean


Past participle: leaned/leant
Gerund: leaning

Imperative
lean
lean
Present
I lean
you lean
he/she/it leans
we lean
you lean
they lean
Preterite
I leaned/leant
you leaned/leant
he/she/it leaned/leant
we leaned/leant
you leaned/leant
they leaned/leant
Present Continuous
I am leaning
you are leaning
he/she/it is leaning
we are leaning
you are leaning
they are leaning
Present Perfect
I have leaned/leant
you have leaned/leant
he/she/it has leaned/leant
we have leaned/leant
you have leaned/leant
they have leaned/leant
Past Continuous
I was leaning
you were leaning
he/she/it was leaning
we were leaning
you were leaning
they were leaning
Past Perfect
I had leaned/leant
you had leaned/leant
he/she/it had leaned/leant
we had leaned/leant
you had leaned/leant
they had leaned/leant
Future
I will lean
you will lean
he/she/it will lean
we will lean
you will lean
they will lean
Future Perfect
I will have leaned/leant
you will have leaned/leant
he/she/it will have leaned/leant
we will have leaned/leant
you will have leaned/leant
they will have leaned/leant
Future Continuous
I will be leaning
you will be leaning
he/she/it will be leaning
we will be leaning
you will be leaning
they will be leaning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been leaning
you have been leaning
he/she/it has been leaning
we have been leaning
you have been leaning
they have been leaning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been leaning
you will have been leaning
he/she/it will have been leaning
we will have been leaning
you will have been leaning
they will have been leaning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been leaning
you had been leaning
he/she/it had been leaning
we had been leaning
you had been leaning
they had been leaning
Conditional
I would lean
you would lean
he/she/it would lean
we would lean
you would lean
they would lean
Past Conditional
I would have leaned/leant
you would have leaned/leant
he/she/it would have leaned/leant
we would have leaned/leant
you would have leaned/leant
they would have leaned/leant
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lean - the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the verticallean - the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical; "the tower had a pronounced tilt"; "the ship developed a list to starboard"; "he walked with a heavy inclination to the right"
spatial relation, position - the spatial property of a place where or way in which something is situated; "the position of the hands on the clock"; "he specified the spatial relations of every piece of furniture on the stage"
Verb1.lean - to incline or bend from a vertical positionlean - to incline or bend from a vertical position; "She leaned over the banister"
bend, flex - form a curve; "The stick does not bend"
slope, incline, pitch - be at an angle; "The terrain sloped down"
weather - cause to slope
heel, list - tilt to one side; "The balloon heeled over"; "the wind made the vessel heel"; "The ship listed to starboard"
lean back, recline - move the upper body backwards and down
lean against, lean on, rest on - rest on for support; "you can lean on me if you get tired"
2.lean - cause to lean or incline; "He leaned his rifle against the wall"
lay, place, put, set, position, pose - put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a certain point"
3.lean - have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined; "She tends to be nervous before her lectures"; "These dresses run small"; "He inclined to corpulence"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
take kindly to - be willing or inclined to accept; "He did not take kindly to my critical remarks"
suffer - be given to; "She suffers from a tendency to talk too much"
gravitate - move toward; "The conversation gravitated towards politics"
4.lean - rely on for support; "We can lean on this man"
rely, trust, swear, bank - have confidence or faith in; "We can trust in God"; "Rely on your friends"; "bank on your good education"; "I swear by my grandmother's recipes"
5.lean - cause to lean to the side; "Erosion listed the old tree"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
heel, list - tilt to one side; "The balloon heeled over"; "the wind made the vessel heel"; "The ship listed to starboard"
Adj.1.lean - lacking excess flesh; "you can't be too rich or too thin"; "Yon Cassius has a lean and hungry look"-Shakespeare
ectomorphic - having a build with little fat or muscle but with long limbs
thin - of relatively small extent from one surface to the opposite or in cross section; "thin wire"; "a thin chiffon blouse"; "a thin book"; "a thin layer of paint"
2.lean - lacking in mineral content or combustible material; "lean ore"; "lean fuel"
rich - high in mineral content; having a high proportion of fuel to air; "a rich vein of copper", "a rich gas mixture"
3.lean - containing little excess; "a lean budget"; "a skimpy allowance"
insufficient, deficient - of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement; "insufficient funds"
4.lean - not profitable or prosperous; "a lean year"
unprofitable - producing little or no profit or gain; "deposits abandoned by mining companies as unprofitable"

lean

1
verb
1. bend, tip, slope, incline, tilt, heel, slant He leaned forward to give her a kiss.
2. rest, prop, be supported, recline, repose She was feeling tired and was glad to lean against him.
3. tend, prefer, favour, incline, be prone to, gravitate, be disposed to, have a propensity to Politically, I lean towards the right.
lean on someone
1. depend on, trust, rely on, cling to, count on, confide in, have faith in She leaned on him to help her solve her problems.
2. (Informal) pressurize, intimidate, coerce, breathe down someone's neck, browbeat, twist someone's arm (informal), put the screws on (slang) Colin was being leaned on by his bankers.

lean

2
adjective
1. thin, slim, slender, skinny, angular, trim, spare, gaunt, bony, lanky, wiry, emaciated, scrawny, svelte, lank, rangy, scraggy, macilent (rare) She watched the tall, lean figure step into the car.
thin fat, ample, plump, full, burly, obese, portly, brawny

lean 1

verb
1. To depart or cause to depart from true vertical or horizontal:
2. To have a tendency or inclination:
noun
Deviation from a particular direction:

lean 2

adjective
1. Having little flesh or fat on the body:
Idioms: all skin and bones, thin as a rail.
2. Marked by or consisting of few words that are carefully chosen:
3. Characterized by an economy of artistic expression:
Translations
ضئيل المَحصولغَيْر دُهني، بلا شَحْمنَحيفيَسْتَنِد إلى، يَسْتَريحيَميل
opříthubenýlibovýnaklánět senaklonit se
lænemagerslankhælde
nojatahoikkakallistaalaiha
nasloniti
sandar
grannur, mjósleginnhallamagurrÿr, lélegur
もたれる
기대다
atbalstītatbalstītiesbez aizdaraizdiliskalsns
inclinaslabsubţireţine
oprieť sa
nagibati senasloniti seopreti sepustvitek
lutamagersmal
พิง
azdayanmakeğilmekürünsüzyağsız
dựa

lean

1 [liːn]
A. ADJ (leaner (compar) (leanest (superl)))
1. (= slim) [person, body] → delgado, enjuto; [animal] → flaco
companies will need to be leaner in order to competelas compañías tendrán que racionalizarse para ser más competitivas
2. (= not prosperous) [times] → difícil; [harvest] → pobre
to have a lean time of itpasar por una mala racha
lean yearsaños mpl de vacas flacas
3. (= not fatty) [meat] → magro, sin grasa
4. (Aut) lean mixturemezcla f pobre
B. N (Culin) → magro m

lean

2 [liːn] (leaned or leant (pt, pp))
A. VI
1. (= slope) → inclinarse, ladearse
to lean to(wards) the left/right (lit) → estar inclinado hacia la izquierda/derecha (fig) (Pol) → inclinarse hacia la izquierda/la derecha
to lean towards sb's opinioninclinarse por la opinión de algn
2. (for support) → apoyarse
to lean on/against sthapoyarse en/contra algo
to lean on sb (lit) → apoyarse en algn (fig) (= put pressure on) → presionar a algn
to lean on sb for support (fig) → contar con el apoyo de algn
B. VT to lean a ladder/a bicycle against a wallapoyar una escala/una bicicleta contra una pared
to lean one's head on sb's shoulderapoyar la cabeza en el hombro de algn
lean back VI + ADVreclinarse, recostarse
lean forward VI + ADVinclinarse hacia delante
lean out VI + ADVasomarse
to lean out of the windowasomarse a or por la ventana
lean over
A. VI + ADVinclinarse
to lean over backwards to help sbvolcarse or desvivirse por ayudar a algn
we've leaned over backwards to get agreementhemos hecho todo lo posible or nos hemos volcado para llegar a un acuerdo
B. VI + PREPinclinarse sobre

lean

[ˈliːn]
vb [leaned or leant] (pt, pp)
vi
(= rest) to lean against sth [person] → s'appuyer contre qch
He leant his back against the wall → Il appuya son dos contre le mur., Il s'adossa au mur.
to be leaning against sth [ladder, object] → être appuyé(e) contre qch
The ladder was leaning against the wall → L'échelle était appuyée contre le mur.
(= be on a slope, be askew) [building, structure] → pencher
to lean to one side [building] → pencher d'un côté
(= move) [person] → se pencher
to lean closer → se pencher plus près
to lean closer to sb → se pencher vers qn
vt
to lean sth against sth → appuyer qch contre qch
He leant his bike against the wall → Il appuya son vélo contre le mur.
adj
[person] → mince
[meat] → maigre
I only eat lean meat → Je ne mange que de la viande maigre.
(fig) [period, time, year] → de vaches maigres
It is a lean time for the oil business → C'est une période de vaches maigres pour l'industrie pétrolière.
n [meat] → maigre m
lean across
vi [person] → se pencher sur le côté
She leaned across and opened the passenger door → Elle se pencha sur le côté et ouvrit la portière du passager.
lean back
vi [person] → se pencher en arrière
lean forward
vi [person] → se pencher en avant
lean on
vt fus
[person] [+ wall, windowsill] → s'appuyer contre
He leant on the wall → Il s'est appuyé contre le mur.
to lean on one's stick → s'appuyer sur sa canne
(= depend on) [+ person] → reposer sur
(= put pressure on) [+ person] → mettre la pression sur
He was being leaned on by his bankers → Ses banquiers lui mettaient la pression.
vt sep
to lean one's head on sb's shoulder → poser la tête sur l'épaule de qn
to lean one's elbows on the table → mettre ses coudes sur la table
lean out
vi [person] → se pencher au dehors
to lean out of sth → se pencher par qch
She leant out of the window → Elle s'est penchée par la fenêtre.
lean over
vi [person] → se pencher
Don't lean over too far → Ne te penche pas trop.
lean towards
vt fus [+ opinion, viewpoint] → pencher pour
to lean towards the right (politically)être plutôt à droite

lean

1
adj (+er)
(= thin)mager, dünn; face, personschmal; (through lack of food) → hager; (= fatless) meatmager; to grow leanschlank or schmal werden; to have a lean buildschlank gebaut sein
(= poor) year, times, harvestmager; to go through a lean patcheine Durststrecke durchlaufen
(Comm) → schlank; leaner companiesverschlankte Firmen pl

lean

2 vb: pret, ptp <leant (esp Brit) or leaned>
nNeigung f
vt
(= put in sloping position)lehnen (→ against gegen, an +acc); to lean one’s head on somebody’s shoulderseinen Kopf an jds Schulter (acc)lehnen
(= rest)aufstützen (→ on auf +dat or acc); to lean one’s elbow on somethingsich mit dem Ellbogen auf etw (acc)stützen; she leaned her weight on the doorsie lehnte sich mit ihrem Gewicht gegen die Tür
vi
(= be off vertical)sich neigen (to nach); (trees)sich biegen; the box was leaning dangerously to the sidedie Kiste neigte sich gefährlich auf die Seite; he leaned across the counterer beugte sich über den Ladentisch; a motorcyclist should lean into the cornerein Motorradfahrer sollte sich in die Kurve legen
(= rest)sich lehnen; to lean against somethingsich gegen etw lehnen; leaning against the baran die Bar gelehnt; she leaned on my armsie stützte sich auf meinen Arm; he leaned on the edge of the tableer stützte sich auf die Tischkante; to lean on one’s elbowsich mit dem Ellbogen aufstützen
(= tend in opinion etc) to lean toward(s) the left/socialismnach links/zum Sozialismus tendieren; to lean toward(s) somebody’s opinionzu jds Ansicht neigen or tendieren; which way does he lean?in welche Richtung tendiert er?; he started to lean away from the party lineer entfernte sich allmählich von der Parteilinie; at least they’re leaning in the direction of reformsie neigen immerhin Reformen (dat)zu

lean

1 [liːn]
1. adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl))) → magro/a
the lean years → i tempi di magra
2. n (of meat) → magro, parte f magra (della carne)

lean

2 [liːn] (leaned or leant (pt, pp))
1. vi
a. (gatepost, wall, slope) → essere inclinato/a, pendere
to lean to(wards) the left/right (Pol) → avere tendenze di sinistra/di destra
b. (for support, person) to lean on, lean againstappoggiarsi a
to be leaning against (ladder) → essere appoggiato/a a or contro
to lean on sb (also) (fig) (for support) → appoggiarsi a qn (fig) (put pressure on) → far pressione su qn
2. vt (ladder, bicycle) to lean sth against/on sthappoggiare qc a or contro/su qc
to lean one's head on sth → appoggiare la testa su qc
lean back vi + advsporgersi indietro; (against sth) → appoggiarsi all'indietro
she leaned back against the pillows → si è adagiata sui cuscini
lean forward vi + advpiegarsi in avanti
lean out vi + adv to lean out (of)sporgersi (da)
lean over
1. vi + adv (person) → chinarsi; (thing) → piegarsi, inclinarsi
to lean over backwards to help sb (fig) (fam) → farsi in quattro per aiutare qn
2. vi + prep (balcony, gate) → sporgersi da, affacciarsi a; (desk) → piegarsi su, chinarsi su

lean1

(liːn) past tense, past participles leant (lent) , leaned verb
1. to slope over to one side; not to be upright. The lamp-post had slipped and was leaning across the road.
2. to rest (against, on). She leaned the ladder against the wall; Don't lean your elbows on the table; He leant on the gate.
ˈleaning noun
a liking or preference. She has a leaning towards the arts.

lean2

(liːn) adjective
1. thin; not fat. a tall, lean man.
2. not containing much fat. lean meat.
3. poor; not producing much. a lean harvest.
ˈleanness noun

lean

يـَمِيلُ naklonit se læne (sig) lehnen γέρνω apoyarse nojata se pencher nasloniti pendere もたれる 기대다 leunen lene (seg) oprzeć się inclinar-se наклониться luta (sig) พิง yaslamak dựa 倾斜

lean

a. [meat] magro-a, sin grasa; [without flesh] enjuto, flaco-a; seco-a;
v. [aptitude]
to ___ towardtener propensión o disposición hacia algo o hacia alguien [on, against] apoyarse, recostarse, arrimarse a [over] inclinarse.

lean

adj (person) flaco, delgado; (meat) magro, sin grasa; vi inclinarse; Lean forward..Inclínese hacia adelante.
References in classic literature ?
Often when she woke Jo found Beth reading in her well-worn little book, heard her singing softly, to beguile the sleepless night, or saw her lean her face upon her hands, while slow tears dropped through the transparent fingers, and Jo would lie watching her with thoughts too deep for tears, feeling that Beth, in her simple, unselfish way, was trying to wean herself from the dear old life, and fit herself for the life to come, by sacred words of comfort, quiet prayers, and the music she loved so well.
Joe fell in love with Sarah King, a lean, sad-looking woman who lived with her father and brother in a brick house that stood opposite the gate leading to the Wines- burg Cemetery.
Friend," he added, thrusting forth his lean, delicate hand toward Hawkeye, in kindness, while his eyes twinkled and grew moist, "I thank thee that the hairs of my head still grow where they were first rooted by Providence; for, though those of other men may be more glossy and curling, I have ever found mine own well suited to the brain they shelter.
He did not regret the untasted liquor; here was an experience in after years to lean his back against comfortably in bar-rooms, to entrance or defy mankind.
Miss Hepzibah Pyncheon's housekeeping had so greatly improved, since Clifford became a member of the family, that her share of the banquet would have been no lean one; and Uncle Venner, accordingly, was a good deal disappointed not to find the large earthen pan, full of fragmentary eatables, that ordinarily awaited his coming at the back doorstep of the Seven Gables.
The landlord chuckled again with his lean chuckle, and seemed to be mightily tickled at something beyond my comprehension.
Some were white hogs, some were black; some were brown, some were spotted; some were old, some young; some were long and lean, some were monstrous.
It was one anchorite's pride to lie naked in the mud and let the insects bite him and blister him unmolested; it was another's to lean against a rock, all day long, conspicuous to the admiration of the throng of pilgrims and pray; it was another's to go naked and crawl around on all fours; it was another's to drag about with him, year in and year out, eighty pounds of iron; it was another's to never lie down when he slept, but to stand among the thorn-bushes and snore when there were pilgrims around to look; a woman, who had the white hair of age, and no other apparel, was black from crown to heel with forty-seven years of holy abstinence from water.
He sees his enemy: horsemen sitting motionless, with long spears in rest, upon blindfolded broken-down nags, lean and starved, fit only for sport and sacrifice, then the carrion-heap.
He just had strength enough to crawl up on to the comb and lean his back agin the chimbly, and then he collected his impressions and begun to free his mind.
and the clown crack- ing jokes behind him; and by and by all hands dropped the reins, and every lady put her knuckles on her hips and every gentleman folded his arms, and then how the horses did lean over and hump themselves
I mean parties that lived and died there - natives) come here, now and then, and inquire about our world, and when they find out it is so little that a streak of lightning can flash clear around it in the eighth of a second, they have to lean up against something to laugh.