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1. A plant of the pea family.
a. A pod of such a plant, which splits into two valves with the seeds attached to one edge of the valves.
b. Such a pod or seed used as food. Peas, beans, and lentils are legumes.
[French légume, from Latin legūmen, bean.]
1. (Plants) the long dry dehiscent fruit produced by leguminous plants; a pod
2. (Plants) any table vegetable of the family Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae), esp beans or peas
3. (Plants) any leguminous plant
[C17: from French légume, from Latin legūmen bean, from legere to pick (a crop)]
leg•ume(ˈlɛg yum, lɪˈgyum)
1. any plant of the legume family, esp. one used for feed, food, or as a soil-improving crop.
2. the pod, bean, or pea of such a plant, usu. divided into two parts and often used for food.
[1670–80; < French légume vegetable < Latin legūmen pulse, a leguminous plant, derivative of legere to gather]
1. Any of a variety of plants having pods that contain seeds. Because of a symbiotic relationship with bacteria that live in nodules on their roots, legumes are able to take nitrogen from the air and convert it into compounds that enrich soils. Beans, peas, clover, and alfalfa are all legumes.
2. The pod or seed of such a plant, used as food.
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|Noun||1.||legume - an erect or climbing bean or pea plant of the family Leguminosae|
Fabaceae, family Fabaceae, family Leguminosae, legume family, Leguminosae, pea family - a large family of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs bearing bean pods; divided for convenience into the subfamilies Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae
legume - the fruit or seed of any of various bean or pea plants consisting of a case that splits along both sides when ripe and having the seeds attach to one side of the case
Arachis hypogaea, peanut vine, peanut - widely cultivated American plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions; showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground
herb, herbaceous plant - a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
chickpea plant, Cicer arietinum, Egyptian pea, chickpea - Asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds
cluster bean, Cyamopsis psoraloides, Cyamopsis tetragonolobus, guar - drought-tolerant herb grown for forage and for its seed which yield a gum used as a thickening agent or sizing material
Glycine max, soja, soja bean, soya, soybean plant, soya bean, soybean, soy - erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to Asia
wild pea - any of various plants of the family Leguminosae that usually grow like vines
Lens culinaris, lentil plant, lentil - widely cultivated Eurasian annual herb grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder
Dolichos biflorus, horse grain, horse gram, Macrotyloma uniflorum, poor man's pulse - twining herb of Old World tropics cultivated in India for food and fodder; sometimes placed in genus Dolichos
crazy weed, crazyweed, locoweed - any of several leguminous plants of western North America causing locoism in livestock
pea plant, pea - a leguminous plant of the genus Pisum with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds
sesbania - any of various plants of the genus Sesbania having pinnate leaves and large showy pea-like flowers
vetch - any of various climbing plants of the genus Vicia having pinnately compound leaves that terminate in tendrils and small variously colored flowers; includes valuable forage and soil-building plants
moth bean, Phaseolus aconitifolius, Vigna aconitifolia - East Indian legume having hairy foliage and small yellow flowers followed by cylindrical pods; used especially in India for food and forage and as a soil conditioner; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
adsuki bean, adzuki bean, Phaseolus angularis, Vigna angularis - bushy annual widely grown in China and Japan for the flour made from its seeds
corkscrew flower, Phaseolus caracalla, snail bean, snail flower, snailflower, snail-flower, Vigna caracalla - perennial tropical American vine cultivated for its racemes of showy yellow and purple flowers having the corolla keel coiled like a snail shell; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
golden gram, green gram, mung, mung bean, Phaseolus aureus, Vigna radiata - erect bushy annual widely cultivated in warm regions of India and Indonesia and United States for forage and especially its edible seeds; chief source of bean sprouts used in Chinese cookery; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
cowpea plant, Vigna sinensis, Vigna unguiculata, black-eyed pea, cowpea - sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure
asparagus bean, Vigna sesquipedalis, Vigna unguiculata sesquipedalis, yard-long bean - South American bean having very long succulent pods
climber - a vine or climbing plant that readily grows up a support or over other plants
|2.||legume - the fruit or seed of any of various bean or pea plants consisting of a case that splits along both sides when ripe and having the seeds attach to one side of the case|
lentil - the fruit or seed of a lentil plant
pea - the fruit or seed of a pea plant
field pea - seed of the field pea plant
|3.||legume - the seedpod of a leguminous plant (such as peas or beans or lentils)|
veg, vegetable, veggie - edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant
pulse - edible seeds of various pod-bearing plants (peas or beans or lentils etc.)
lentil - round flat seed of the lentil plant used for food
pea - seed of a pea plant used for food
protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes; "a diet high in protein"
n (= species) → Hülsenfrüchtler m; (= fruit) → Hülsenfrucht f