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1. An infection caused by any of the flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sandflies.
2. A disease, such as kala-azar or either of two clinically distinct ulcerative skin diseases, caused by flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania.

[New Latin Leishmania, genus of protozoans (after Sir William Boog Leishman (1865-1926), British medical officer) + -iasis.]


(ˌliːʃməˈnaɪəsɪs) or


(Pathology) any disease, such as kala-azar, caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania


(ˌliʃ məˈnaɪ ə sɪs, ˌlaɪʃ-)

also leish•man•i•o•sis

(-mæn iˈoʊ sɪs, -meɪ ni-)

any infection caused by a parasitic flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania.
Compare kala-azar.
[1910–15; < New Latin Leishmani(a), after William Boog Leishman (1865–1926), Scottish bacteriologist (see -ia) + -asis]


Infestation, especially of the liver and spleen, by parasitic protozoa transmitted by sandfly bites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.leishmaniasis - sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
protozoal infection - any infection caused by a protozoan
Assam fever, dumdum fever, kala-azar, visceral leishmaniasis - leishmaniasis of the viscera
Aleppo boil, cutaneous leishmaniasis, Delhi boil, Old World leishmaniasis, oriental sore, tropical sore - leishmaniasis of the skin; characterized by ulcerative skin lesions
American leishmaniasis, leishmaniasis americana, mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, nasopharyngeal leishmaniasis, New World leishmaniasis - a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America; sores are limited to the skin and mucosa


n leishmaniasis f; cutaneous — leishmaniasis cutánea; mucocutaneous — leishmaniasis mucocutánea, espundia; visceral — leishmaniasis visceral
References in periodicals archive ?
Highlighting the increased attention paid to the disease, Mardini said the number of MA dissertations related to leishmaniasis has reached 29, in addition to 3 PhD dissertations.
In May, MP Atef Majdalani, chair of the parliamentary health committee, told The Daily Star that some 660 Leishmaniasis cases had been identified.
Peshawar -- The neglected disease cutaneous leishmaniasis is on the increase in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), according to reports by FATA's Directorate of Health.
Between 200 and 250 people with leishmaniasis come for treatment" each day, according to 23-year-old Ali, a medical volunteer at a makeshift clinic in the city.
Peter Hotez, "Sabin") with E6020, an in-house developed adjuvant that enhances the immune effects of vaccines, as well as all relevant information pertaining to the compound free of charge, to support the development of vaccines for two neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) - Chagas disease and leishmaniasis.
Infection specialists at Heartlands Hospital have been inundated with military patients infected with the desert boils disease leishmaniasis.
Worldwide, 2 million new cases of Leishmaniasis are believed to occur annually, and as many as 12 million people currently may be infected [22].
Visceral leishmaniasis is a systemic infection of the reticuloendothelial system caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania.
Of these patients, 7 were patients with oral lesions, one of whom was known to have oral leishmaniasis with recurrence of oral lesions; 2 had laryngeal lesions; and 3 had nasal lesions.
21, 2010 (TAP)- Skin cancer and leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease, were the focal points of a scientific debate held on Thursday in Gammarth, northern suburb of Tunis.
The World Health Organization (WHO), launching its first global report on neglected tropical diseases, has said leishmaniasis threatened the health of 13 million vulnerable Afghans, especially women and girls.
He was diagnosed as having human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection within only a few days of diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar).