is only present in two cases: fatiga (II: 12); fondego 'fondaco' (VI: 31).
The development of stop gradation can be viewed either as a process of fortition or a process of lenition
In phonology, lenition
is the tendency of a language to soften consonant sounds.
The Sw and Klk forms show that w in itself would have had to go through a lenition
process from an original bilabial nasal: *m > w.
There are some problems in comparing the two versions, however, because the spoken version is hyper-articulated, while the sung text displays considerable lenition
, characteristic of song.
3) The Old English spelling (and pronunciation) of this Brittonic name is interesting, since both unstressed syllables of the compound *Catu-mand-os are dropped, by syncope of the composition vowel and by apocope of the inflectional ending (> Late British Cad[mu]ann, with lenition
of the originally intervocalic */m/as*/v/in the environment of the voiced stop/d/) (cf.
The specific historical changes are either through lenition
(as assumed by most scholars) or fortition (Gordon 1998).
It will be shown that a constraint requiring a coronal consonant to be followed by another coronal consonant is responsible for the blocking of lenition
at the junction of two coronals (Coronal Blocking) and for the exceptional change of s to t (instead of expected h) in certain environments (s-Fortition).
In other Murriny Patha songs, one finds lenition
of stops, elision of syllables, lengthening of vowels and sometimes diphthongisation of simple vowels, but one will also encounter these phenomena in so-called rapid or connected (that is, normal) speech.
The penultimate chapter ("Lenition
" 57-69) addresses lenition
which is ".
Thus labial, total and voicing assimilations are exemplified and what follows is a listing of various lenition
there are differing degrees of lenition
, flapping, vowel-rounding, or whatever the process is, rather than an either-or situation.