lessen


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Wikipedia.

less·en

 (lĕs′ən)
v. less·ened, less·en·ing, less·ens
v.tr.
1. To make less; reduce. See Synonyms at decrease.
2. Archaic To make little of; belittle.
v.intr.
To become less; decrease: interest that lessened as the lecture continued.

[Middle English lessen, lessenen, from lesse, less; see less.]

lessen

(ˈlɛsən)
vb
1. to make or become less
2. (tr) to make little of

less•en

(ˈlɛs ən)

v.i.
1. to become less.
v.t.
2. to reduce.
[1375–1425]

lessen

  • alleviate - Can mean "diminish the weight of"; to alleviate is not to cure, but rather to lighten, lessen, or relieve to some degree.
  • minute, second - Latin minutus, "small," came from minuere, "lessen," and the term pars minuta prima, "first small part," was applied to a 60th of a whole—a minute, originally of a circle and later of an hour; likewise, a second was originally a secunda minuta, a 60th of a 60th.
  • mince - Can mean "lessen or diminish (something)" or "minimize."
  • bated breath - The expression is based on bate, meaning "to moderate, restrain" or "to lessen, diminish"; though bated was once rather common, it is now rare except in this set expression.

lessen


Past participle: lessened
Gerund: lessening

Imperative
lessen
lessen
Present
I lessen
you lessen
he/she/it lessens
we lessen
you lessen
they lessen
Preterite
I lessened
you lessened
he/she/it lessened
we lessened
you lessened
they lessened
Present Continuous
I am lessening
you are lessening
he/she/it is lessening
we are lessening
you are lessening
they are lessening
Present Perfect
I have lessened
you have lessened
he/she/it has lessened
we have lessened
you have lessened
they have lessened
Past Continuous
I was lessening
you were lessening
he/she/it was lessening
we were lessening
you were lessening
they were lessening
Past Perfect
I had lessened
you had lessened
he/she/it had lessened
we had lessened
you had lessened
they had lessened
Future
I will lessen
you will lessen
he/she/it will lessen
we will lessen
you will lessen
they will lessen
Future Perfect
I will have lessened
you will have lessened
he/she/it will have lessened
we will have lessened
you will have lessened
they will have lessened
Future Continuous
I will be lessening
you will be lessening
he/she/it will be lessening
we will be lessening
you will be lessening
they will be lessening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been lessening
you have been lessening
he/she/it has been lessening
we have been lessening
you have been lessening
they have been lessening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been lessening
you will have been lessening
he/she/it will have been lessening
we will have been lessening
you will have been lessening
they will have been lessening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been lessening
you had been lessening
he/she/it had been lessening
we had been lessening
you had been lessening
they had been lessening
Conditional
I would lessen
you would lessen
he/she/it would lessen
we would lessen
you would lessen
they would lessen
Past Conditional
I would have lessened
you would have lessened
he/she/it would have lessened
we would have lessened
you would have lessened
they would have lessened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.lessen - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"
break - diminish or discontinue abruptly; "The patient's fever broke last night"
shrivel, shrink - decrease in size, range, or extent; "His earnings shrank"; "My courage shrivelled when I saw the task before me"
taper - diminish gradually; "Interested tapered off"
drop off - fall or diminish; "The number of students in this course dropped off after the first test"
vaporize, vanish, fly - decrease rapidly and disappear; "the money vanished in las Vegas"; "all my stock assets have vaporized"
break - fall sharply; "stock prices broke"
ease off, slacken off, ease up, flag - become less intense
change magnitude - change in size or magnitude
weaken - become weaker; "The prisoner's resistance weakened after seven days"
boil down, decoct, concentrate, reduce - be cooked until very little liquid is left; "The sauce should reduce to one cup"
shrink, contract - become smaller or draw together; "The fabric shrank"; "The balloon shrank"
shrink, shrivel, shrivel up, wither - wither, as with a loss of moisture; "The fruit dried and shriveled"
die away, let up, slack off, abate, slack - become less in amount or intensity; "The storm abated"; "The rain let up after a few hours"
deflate - become deflated or flaccid, as by losing air; "The balloons deflated"
dwindle, dwindle away, dwindle down - become smaller or lose substance; "Her savings dwindled down"
remit - diminish or abate; "The pain finally remitted"
de-escalate - diminish in size, scope, or intensity; "The war of words between them de-escalated with time"
devaluate, devalue, undervalue, depreciate - lose in value; "The dollar depreciated again"
shorten - become short or shorter; "In winter, the days shorten"
thin out - become sparser; "Towards the end of town, the houses thinned out"
wane, go down, decline - grow smaller; "Interest in the project waned"
wane - decrease in phase; "the moon is waning"
wane - become smaller; "Interest in his novels waned"
decelerate, slow, slow down, slow up, retard - lose velocity; move more slowly; "The car decelerated"
decrescendo - grow quieter; "The music decrescendoes here"
2.lessen - make smallerlessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
suppress - reduce the incidence or severity of or stop; "suppress a yawn"; "this drug can suppress the hemorrhage"
mitigate - make less severe or harsh; "mitigating circumstances"
pare, pare down - decrease gradually or bit by bit
circumscribe, confine, limit - restrict or confine, "I limit you to two visits to the pub a day"
boil down, concentrate, reduce - cook until very little liquid is left; "The cook reduced the sauce by boiling it for a long time"
shrink, reduce - reduce in size; reduce physically; "Hot water will shrink the sweater"; "Can you shrink this image?"
abbreviate, abridge, foreshorten, shorten, contract, reduce, cut - reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The manuscript must be shortened"
abate, slake, slack - make less active or intense
lour, lower, turn down - make lower or quieter; "turn down the volume of a radio"
de-escalate, step down, weaken - reduce the level or intensity or size or scope of; "de-escalate a crisis"
minimize, minimise - make small or insignificant; "Let's minimize the risk"
cut down, reduce, trim back, trim down, cut, cut back, trim, bring down - cut down on; make a reduction in; "reduce your daily fat intake"; "The employer wants to cut back health benefits"
cut - have a reducing effect; "This cuts into my earnings"
slack up, slacken, slack, relax - make less active or fast; "He slackened his pace as he got tired"; "Don't relax your efforts now"
diminish, belittle - lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of; "don't belittle your colleagues"
3.lessen - wear off or die down; "The pain subsided"
weaken - become weaker; "The prisoner's resistance weakened after seven days"

lessen

verb
1. reduce, lower, diminish, decrease, relax, ease, narrow, moderate, weaken, erode, impair, degrade, minimize, curtail, lighten, wind down, abridge, de-escalate Keep immunisations up to date to lessen the risk of serious illness.
reduce increase, raise, boost, expand, add to, enhance, enlarge, multiply, magnify, augment
2. grow less, diminish, decrease, contract, ease, weaken, shrink, slow down, dwindle, lighten, wind down, die down, abate, slacken The attention she gives him will certainly lessen once the baby is born.

lessen

verb
1. To grow or cause to grow gradually less:
2. To make less severe or more bearable:
Translations
يُقَلِّل
snížitzmenšit
formindske
kisebbítcsökkencsökkentkisebbedik
minnka
zmanjšati se
minska
azal mak

lessen

[ˈlesn]
A. VT [+ risk, danger] → reducir; [+ pain] → aliviar; [+ cost, stature] → rebajar
it will lessen your chances of getting the jobdisminuirá las posibilidades que tienes de conseguir el puesto
B. VI [noise, anger, love] → disminuir; [pain] → aliviarse

lessen

[ˈlɛsən]
vt [+ impact, effects] → diminuer; [+ risk, chances] → diminuer; [+ pain] → atténuer
vi [pain, anxiety, tension] → s'atténuer; [burden] → diminuer

lessen

vt
(= make less)verringern; costsenken, vermindern; effect, impactvermindern, abschwächen; painlindern
(= make seem less important etc)herabsetzen, herabwürdigen
vinachlassen; (danger, wind, enthusiasm, difficulty also)abnehmen; (value of money)sich verringern, abnehmen

lessen

[ˈlɛsn]
1. vt (gen) → diminuire, ridurre; (pain) → alleviare; (cost, tension) → ridurre; (shock) → attutire, attenuare
2. vi (gen) → diminuire, ridursi; (shock) → attenuarsi

less

(les) adjective
(often with than) not as much (as). Think of a number less than forty; He drank his tea and wished he had put less sugar in it; The salary for that job will be not less than $30,000.
adverb
not as much or to a smaller extent. I like her less every time I see her; You should smoke less if you want to remain healthy.
pronoun
a smaller part or amount. He has less than I have.
preposition
minus. He earns $280 a week less $90 income tax.
ˈlessen verb
to make or become less. The fan lessened the heat a little; When the children left, the noise lessened considerably.
ˈlesser adjective
smaller or not as important. the lesser of the two towns.
adverb
less. the lesser-known streets of London.
the less … the less/more
etc . The less I see of him, the better (pleased I'll be)!; The less I practise, the less confident I become; The less I try, the more I succeed.
no less a person etc than
as great a person etc as: I had tea with no less a person than the Prime Minister
less is used in speaking about quantity or amount: People should eat less fat ; I've less than $100 in the bank .
fewer sould be used in speaking about numbers of individual things or people: I've fewer books than he has ; There were fewer than 50 people at the meeting .

lessen

v. aliviar, aminorar, disminuir, acortar;
a pill to ___ the painuna pastilla para ___ el dolor.
References in classic literature ?
I mean, that we are liable to be imposed upon, and to confer our choicest favours often on the undeserving, as you must own was your case in your bounty to that worthless fellow Partridge: for two or three such examples must greatly lessen the inward satisfaction which a good man would otherwise find in generosity; nay, may even make him timorous in bestowing, lest he should be guilty of supporting vice, and encouraging the wicked; a crime of a very black dye, and for which it will by no means be a sufficient excuse, that we have not actually intended such an encouragement; unless we have used the utmost caution in chusing the objects of our beneficence.
of charity I would have called it), which seems to have some show of merit, and that is, where, from a principle of benevolence and Christian love, we bestow on another what we really want ourselves; where, in order to lessen the distresses of another, we condescend to share some part of them, by giving what even our own necessities cannot well spare.
The Charter of the Forest designed to lessen those evils, declares that inquisition, or view, for lawing dogs, shall be made every third year, and shall be then done by the view and testimony of lawful men, not otherwise; and they whose dogs shall be then found unlawed, shall give three shillings for mercy, and for the future no man's ox shall be taken for lawing.
How Miss Crawford really felt, how she meant to act, or might act without or against her meaning; whether his importance to her were quite what it had been before the last separation; whether, if lessened, it were likely to lessen more, or to recover itself, were subjects for endless conjecture, and to be thought of on that day and many days to come, without producing any conclusion.
Fuller knowledge of the organization which produced such terrible results served to increase rather than to lessen the horror which it inspired in the minds of men.
The Musgroves came back to receive their happy boys and girls from school, bringing with them Mrs Harville's little children, to improve the noise of Uppercross, and lessen that of Lyme.
I owed it to my wife to do all that lay in my power to lessen the risk.
The only means of defence against him on which I could at all rely to lessen the risk, presented themselves, after a little careful thinking, clearly enough.
The salaries of judicial officers may from time to time be altered, as occasion shall require, yet so as never to lessen the allowance with which any particular judge comes into office, in respect to him.
He also endeavoured, that his community might not be too populous, to lessen the connection with women, by introducing the love of boys: whether in this he did well or ill we shall have some other opportunity of considering.
And it seems to me that nothing less than a long list of such cases is sufficient to lessen the difficulty in any particular case like that of the bat.
Competition, by threatening to lessen their profits, had quickened their wits, roused their energies, and made them turn every favorable chance to the best advantage; so that, on assembling at their respective places of rendezvous, each company found itself in possession of a rich stock of peltries.