leucotomy


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leu·kot·o·my

also leu·cot·o·my (lo͞o-kŏt′ə-mē)
n. pl. leu·kot·o·mies also leu·cot·o·mies Chiefly British
A prefrontal lobotomy.

[leuko- (referring to the white matter of the brain) + -tomy.]

leucotomy

(luːˈkɒtəmɪ) or

leukotomy

n
(Surgery) the surgical operation of cutting some of the nerve fibres in the frontal lobes of the brain for treating intractable mental disorders. See also lobotomy
[C20: from leuco- (with reference to the white brain tissue) + -tomy]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.leucotomy - surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
psychosurgery - brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
transorbital lobotomy - a method of performing prefrontal lobotomy in which the surgical knife is inserted above the eyeball and moved to cut brain fibers
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The hospital cancelled the leucotomy they had scheduled for her, due to her talent and success.
For his discovery of the therapeutic value of leucotomy in certain psychoses"
The most common modern psychosurgical procedures are limbic leucotomy, capsulotomy, cingulotomy and subcaudate tractotomy and involve a close collaboration between psychiatrists and neurosurgeons.
Prefrontal leucotomy in the treatment of mental disorders.
1940, Prefrontal leucotomy in treatment of mental disorders, American Journal Of Psychiatry, 93, 1379-1385.
Prefrontal leucotomy is a simple operation, always safe, which may prove to be an effective surgical treatment in certain cases of mental disorder" (Moniz 1994:239).