lex scripta


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lex scripta

n
(Law) the written law; statute law
[from Latin]
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The lex scripta and lex certa attributes of nulla poena sine lege feature prominently in current state practice.
State practice coupled with state expressions of opinio juris indicates that the legal principles of lex scripta and lex certa are part of an international nulla poena sine lege norm.
Asi las cosas, la demanda de lex scripta corresponde a la frase acunada de nulla poena sine lege scripta, que conlleva a que se rechace la aplicacion de la costumbre como sustento del ejercicio del poder sancionador del Estado (3).
En cuanto a esto ultimo, se recuerda que el principio de tipicidad comprende tres garantias: lex certa, lexprevia y lex scripta que se quebrantarian claramente, en la medida que se impone una sancion o se tendrian en cuenta circunstancias agravantes (43) que no se encuentran expresas en norma alguna (lex previa y lex scripta), sino que se crean a partir de una norma con un contenido muy proximo.
20) The threshold requirements are expressed in the legal principles of lex scripta (punishment must be based on written law) and lex certa (the form and severity of punishment must be clearly defined and distinguishable).
As to the quality of law, lex scripta and lex certa work in tandem and are recognized requirements of nulla poena in most legal systems.
45) Likewise, leading commentators consider the nulla poena provision of ICCPR Article 15(1), ECHR Article 7(1), and ACHR Article 9 as also giving rise to the lex scripta (written law), lex certa (certain and predictable), and lex stricta (prohibition of analogy) attributes of nulla poena sine lege, in addition to explicitly incorporating lex praevia (prohibition of retroactivity).
What "law" satisfies the lex scripta requirement of nulla poena sine lege when determining the penalty "applicable" at the time of the offense?
68) Thus, the lex scripta and lex certa attributes of nulla poena sine lege feature prominently in current state practice.
On the other hand, after examining international conventions defining international crimes, one may be tempted to conclude that international practice suggests a lack of concern for adherence to lex scripta and lex certa because international criminal law treaties do not contain provisions for applicable penalties.
Thus, as to the content of the principle, Italy affirmed the lex scripta and lex certa aspects of nulla poena sine lege at the international level.
In addition, not only were there consistent expressions of opinio juris by the states on the importance of fundamental principles of criminal law but also, significantly, the reasons articulated for faithful adherence to them reflect those interests protected by the lex certa, lex scripta, lex stricta and lex praevia requirements (87) of nulla poena sine lege.