liable


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Related to liable: Vicariously liable

li·a·ble

 (lī′ə-bəl)
adj.
1. Legally obligated or responsible: liable to pay for damages; liable for negligence. See Synonyms at responsible.
2. Subject to undergoing or suffering something, especially something unpleasant. Used with to: We did not use glass containers because they are liable to breakage.
3. Likely. Often used with reference to an unfavorable outcome: People who are sleep deprived are liable to make mistakes.

[Middle English, probably from Old French lier, to bind, from Latin ligāre; see leig- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Liable, apt, and likely are used interchangeably in constructions with infinitives, as in Zach is liable to lose, Zach is apt to lose, and Zach is likely to lose, but the three words have subtle distinctions in meaning. A traditional rule holds that liable should be used only if the subject would be adversely affected by the outcome expressed by the infinitive. The rule therefore permits Tim is liable to fall out of his chair if he doesn't sit up straight but not The chair is liable to be slippery, though constructions of the latter type have long been common in reputable writing. · Apt usually suggests that the subject has a natural tendency enhancing the probability of an outcome and that the speaker is somewhat apprehensive about the outcome. Thus apt is more naturally used in a sentence like The fuel pump is apt to give out at any minute than in Even the clearest instructions are apt to be misinterpreted by those idiots (since the instructions are not at fault) or in The fuel pump is apt to give you no problems for the life of the car (since there is no reason that the speaker should regard such an outcome as unfortunate). · Likely is more general than either liable or apt. It ascribes no particular property to the subject that would enhance the probability of the outcome. Thus, while John is apt to lose the election may suggest that the loss will result from something John does or fails to do, John is likely to lose the election does not. Nor does it suggest anything about the desirability of the outcome from the point of view of either the speaker or the subject.

liable

(ˈlaɪəbəl)
adj (postpositive)
1. (Law) legally obliged or responsible; answerable
2. susceptible or exposed; subject
3. probable, likely, or capable: it's liable to happen soon.
[C15: perhaps via Anglo-French, from Old French lier to bind, from Latin ligāre]
ˈliableness n
Usage: The use of liable to to mean likely to was formerly considered incorrect, but is now acceptable

li•a•ble

(ˈlaɪ ə bəl)

adj.
1. legally responsible: You are liable for the damage caused by your action.
2. subject or susceptible: to be liable to heart disease.
3. likely or apt: She's liable to get angry.
[1535–45; < Anglo-French li(er) to bind (< Latin ligāre) + -able]
usage: Some usage guides say that liable can be used only in contexts in which the outcome is undesirable: The picnic is liable to be spoiled by rain. This use occurs often in formal writing but not to the exclusion of use in contexts in which the outcome is desirable: The drop in unemployment is liable to stimulate the economy. See also apt, likely.
likely, liable - Use likely if you mean "probable, expected"; use liable if you mean "bound by law or obligation."
See also related terms for obligation.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.liable - at risk of or subject to experiencing something usually unpleasant; "he is apt to lose"; "she is liable to forget"
likely - has a good chance of being the case or of coming about; "these services are likely to be available to us all before long"; "she is likely to forget"; "a likely place for a restaurant"; "the broken limb is likely to fall"; "rain is likely"; "a likely topic for investigation"; "likely candidates for the job"
2.liable - subject to legal action; "liable to criminal charges"
nonexempt - (of persons) not exempt from an obligation or liability
3.liable - (often followed by `to') likely to be affected withliable - (often followed by `to') likely to be affected with; "liable to diabetes"
susceptible - (often followed by `of' or `to') yielding readily to or capable of; "susceptible to colds"; "susceptible of proof"
4.liable - held legally responsible; "men between the ages of 18 and 35 were liable for military service"
responsible - worthy of or requiring responsibility or trust; or held accountable; "a responsible adult"; "responsible journalism"; "a responsible position"; "the captain is responsible for the ship's safety"; "the cabinet is responsible to the parliament"

liable

adjective
1. likely, tending, inclined, disposed, prone, apt Only a small number are liable to harm themselves or others.
2. vulnerable, subject, exposed, prone, susceptible, open, at risk of These women are particularly liable to depression.
3. responsible, accountable, amenable, answerable, bound, obligated, chargeable The airline's insurer is liable for damages.

liable

adjective
1. Legally obligated:
3. Having or showing a tendency or likelihood:
Translations
خاضِع لِ، مُعَرَّض لِمُحْتَمَل أنمَسْؤول عنمُعَرَّض لِ، ميّال إلى
chystající sehrozícíodpovědný zapodléhající čemuspějící k
kan komme tillige vedmodtagelig forstrafansvarligtilbøjelig til
büntethetõ
hætt viîlíklegur, hætt viî
atsakomybėbaustinasgalintis ką padarytilinkęs į ką
atbildigsdisponētsiespējams
chystajúci sapodliehajúcitrpiacivystavenýzodpovedný
nagnjen
-abilireğimliile cezalandırılabilirmuhtemelolası

liable

[ˈlaɪəbl] ADJ
1. (= likely) to be liable to do sth: he's liable to do something stupidpuede fácilmente hacer alguna tontería, es muy posible que haga una tontería
he's liable to have an accidentes probable que tenga un accidente
it's liable to rain at any momentpuede empezar a llover en cualquier momento
2. (= prone) we are all liable to make mistakestodos podemos cometer errores
some people are more liable to depression than othersalgunas personas son más propensas a la depresión or tienen más tendencia a la depresión que otras
3. (= responsible)
to be liable for [+ debt, loan] → ser responsable de, deber responder de
the company is liable for damagesla compañía es responsable de los daños, la compañía debe pagar los daños
to hold sb liable for sthconsiderar a algn responsable de algo
4. (= subject)
to be liable for/to sth: the programme is liable to change without noticeel programa puede cambiar sin previo aviso
to be liable to duty (Comm) [goods] → estar sujeto a derechos de aduana, deber pagar impuestos de aduana
to be liable for military serviceestar obligado a hacer el servicio militar
to be liable to prosecutionpoder ser procesado
to be liable to or for tax [person] → deber pagar impuestos; [thing] → estar sujeto a impuestos, ser gravable
any savings you have are liable for taxtodos sus ahorros están sujetos a impuestos or son gravables
he is not liable for taxno tiene que pagar impuestos, está exento de pagar impuestos

liable

[ˈlaɪəbəl] adj
(= likely) to be liable to do sth → être susceptible de faire qch
The houses are liable to collapse → Les maisons sont susceptibles de s'effondrer.
He's liable to hit me if I tell him that
BUT Il serait capable de me frapper si je lui dis ça.
(= subject) to be liable to sth [+ prosecution, imprisonment] → être passible de qch
to be liable to a fine → être passible d'une amende
to be liable for tax, to be liable to tax [person] → être imposable; [goods] → être taxé(e)
(= legally responsible) → responsable
to be liable for sth [+ damages, debt] → être responsable de qch
to be held liable for sth → être tenu(e) responsable de qch

liable

adj
(= subject to) to be liable for or to somethingeiner Sache (dat)unterliegen; to be liable for tax (things) → besteuert werden; (income, person) → steuerpflichtig sein; people earning over £X are liable for surtaxwer mehr als £ X verdient, unterliegt einer Zusatzsteuer or ist zusatzsteuerpflichtig; liable to penaltystrafbar; to be liable to prosecutionder Strafverfolgung unterliegen; you’ll make yourself liable to a heavy fineSie können zu einer hohen Geldstrafe verurteilt werden
(= prone to)anfällig; he’s always been liable to bronchitiser war schon immer anfällig für Bronchitis; liable to inflationinflationsanfällig
(= responsible) to be liablehaften, haftbar sein; to be liable for somethingfür etw haftbar sein or haften, für etw aufkommen müssen; he is not legally liable to payer ist nicht gesetzlich verpflichtet zu zahlen
(= likely to) to be liable to do something (in future) → wahrscheinlich etw tun (werden); (habitually) → dazu neigen, etw zu tun; we are liable to get shot herewir können hier leicht beschossen werden; the pond is liable to freezeder Teich friert leicht zu; is he liable to come?ist anzunehmen, dass er kommt?; he’s liable to tell the policees wäre ihm zuzutrauen, dass er es der Polizei meldet; if you don’t write it down I’m liable to forget itwenn Sie das nicht aufschreiben, kann es durchaus sein, dass ich es vergesse; the plan is liable to changesder Plan wird möglicherweise geändert; I don’t think it’s liable to happen tonightich halte es für nicht wahrscheinlich, dass es heute Nacht passiert; the car is liable to run out of petrol (Brit) or gas (US) any minutedem Auto kann jede Minute das Benzin ausgehen; if you tell him that, he’s liable to lose his temperwenn Sie ihm das sagen, wird er wahrscheinlich wütend

liable

[ˈlaɪəbl] adj
a. (likely) liable to dopropenso/a a fare
she's liable to get cross → è probabile che si arrabbi
it's liable to break → è probabile che si rompa
we are liable to get shot at here → qui c'è il rischio che ci sparino
he's liable to colds → è soggetto a frequenti raffreddori, prende facilmente il raffreddore
b. (subject) to be liable for military serviceessere tenuto/a a svolgere il servizio militare
to be liable to a fine → essere passibile di multa
c. (responsible) to be liable foressere responsabile di

liable

(ˈlaiəbl) adjective
1. (with to) tending to have, get, suffer from etc. This road is liable to flooding; He is liable to pneumonia.
2. possibly or probably about (to do something or to happen). Watch the milk – it's liable to boil over.
3. legally responsible (for). The airline is liable to you for any damage to your luggage.
4. likely to get (a fine, a punishment). Do not litter! Offenders are liable to fines of up to $100.
ˌliaˈbility noun

liable

a. responsable, sujeto-a a cargos.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, persons liable to deduct or collect tax at source will be required to register, but the liability to deduct or collect tax will arise only from the date on which the respective sections are brought into force.
It must be considered whether, if the harm caused to patients is the result of incompetence, indifference, maladministration or negligence by hospital administrators and/or provincial authorities, they should be held personally liable to compensate such patients, or whether the relevant Department of Health (i.
A federal court in Arizona has agreed with a growing number of jurisdictions that a franchisor is vicariously liable for the actions of its franchisee only if the franchisor exerts control over the very instrumentality that caused the alleged harm.
6 that an individual who receives inside information can be liable for insider trading if he knew or should have known that the tipper breached a duty to his employer.
Employee liable shipments of the Research in Motion BlackBerry in 2012 will reach 5.
A tortfeasor is never liable for damages that are too remote and not foreseeable.
District Court recently held that two fiduciaries of an estate could be held personally liable under the Federal Priority Statute, 31 U.
Deposit Bond Defendant posts a Defendant is liable for
2 : judged by law to be responsible for something <We are liable for damage that we do.
Because this rule allows plaintiffs to seek out defendants who may be minimally liable but have substantial assets, it is often referred to as the "deep pocket" rule.
The proposed update also says parents are liable for any such vandalism by their children.
The lesson here is that dominant members of alliances might be held liable for the misconduct of other members, even when they had nothing to do with the conduct at issue.