lighten


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light·en 1

 (līt′n)
v. light·ened, light·en·ing, light·ens
v.tr.
1.
a. To make light or lighter; illuminate or brighten.
b. To make (a color) lighter.
2. Archaic To enlighten.
v.intr.
1. To become lighter; brighten.
2. To be luminous; shine.
3. To give off flashes of lightning.

light·en 2

 (līt′n)
v. light·ened, light·en·ing, light·ens
v.tr.
1. To make less heavy: I lightened my backpack by removing a large textbook.
2. To lessen the severity or oppressiveness of: lighten the workload. See Synonyms at relieve.
3. To make less worried or more cheerful: lighten the mood.
v.intr.
1. To become less in weight.
2. To become less oppressive, troublesome, or severe.
3. To become cheerful: The mood lightened when the party started.
Phrasal Verb:
lighten up Informal
To take matters less seriously: Everything will work out fine, so stop worrying and lighten up.

lighten

(ˈlaɪtən)
vb
1. to become or make light
2. (intr) to shine; glow
3. (intr) (of lightning) to flash
4. (tr) an archaic word for enlighten

lighten

(ˈlaɪtən)
vb
1. to make or become less heavy
2. to make or become less burdensome or oppressive; mitigate
3. to make or become more cheerful or lively

light•en1

(ˈlaɪt n)
v.i.
1. to become lighter or less dark; brighten.
2. to brighten or light up, as the eyes or features.
3. to flash as or like lightning.
4. Archaic. to shine, gleam, or be bright.
v.t.
5. to give light to; illuminate.
6. to brighten (the eyes, etc.).
7. to make lighter or less dark.
8. Obs. to flash or emit like lightning.
[1300–50; Middle English; see light1, -en1]
light′en•er, n.

light•en2

(ˈlaɪt n)

v. -ened, -en•ing. v.t.
1. to make lighter in weight.
2. to lessen the load of or upon.
3. to make less burdensome or oppressive; mitigate: to lighten taxes.
4. to cheer or gladden: Such news lightens my heart.
v.i.
5. to become less severe, stringent, or harsh; ease up.
6. to become less heavy, burdensome, or oppressive.
7. to become less gloomy; perk up.
8. lighten up, to become less serious or earnest.
[1350–1400; Middle English; see light2, -en1]

lighten


Past participle: lightened
Gerund: lightening

Imperative
lighten
lighten
Present
I lighten
you lighten
he/she/it lightens
we lighten
you lighten
they lighten
Preterite
I lightened
you lightened
he/she/it lightened
we lightened
you lightened
they lightened
Present Continuous
I am lightening
you are lightening
he/she/it is lightening
we are lightening
you are lightening
they are lightening
Present Perfect
I have lightened
you have lightened
he/she/it has lightened
we have lightened
you have lightened
they have lightened
Past Continuous
I was lightening
you were lightening
he/she/it was lightening
we were lightening
you were lightening
they were lightening
Past Perfect
I had lightened
you had lightened
he/she/it had lightened
we had lightened
you had lightened
they had lightened
Future
I will lighten
you will lighten
he/she/it will lighten
we will lighten
you will lighten
they will lighten
Future Perfect
I will have lightened
you will have lightened
he/she/it will have lightened
we will have lightened
you will have lightened
they will have lightened
Future Continuous
I will be lightening
you will be lightening
he/she/it will be lightening
we will be lightening
you will be lightening
they will be lightening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been lightening
you have been lightening
he/she/it has been lightening
we have been lightening
you have been lightening
they have been lightening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been lightening
you will have been lightening
he/she/it will have been lightening
we will have been lightening
you will have been lightening
they will have been lightening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been lightening
you had been lightening
he/she/it had been lightening
we had been lightening
you had been lightening
they had been lightening
Conditional
I would lighten
you would lighten
he/she/it would lighten
we would lighten
you would lighten
they would lighten
Past Conditional
I would have lightened
you would have lightened
he/she/it would have lightened
we would have lightened
you would have lightened
they would have lightened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.lighten - make more cheerful; "the conversation lightened me up a bit"
cheer - show approval or good wishes by shouting; "everybody cheered the birthday boy"
weigh down, weigh on - be oppressive or disheartening to
2.lighten - reduce the weight on; make lighter; "she lightened the load on the tired donkey"
disburden, unburden - take the burden off; remove the burden from; "unburden the donkey"
3.lighten - become more cheerful; "after a glass of wine, he lightened up a bit"
chirk up, cheer up, cheer - become cheerful
4.lighten - make lighter or brighter; "The paint will brighten the room"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
5.lighten - become lighter; "The room lightened up"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
irradiate - cast rays of light upon
illume, illuminate, illumine, light, light up - make lighter or brighter; "This lamp lightens the room a bit"
darken - become dark or darker; "The sky darkened"
6.lighten - alleviate or remove (pressure or stress) or make less oppressive; "relieve the pressure and the stress"; "lighten the burden of caring for her elderly parents"
mitigate - make less severe or harsh; "mitigating circumstances"

lighten

1
verb brighten, flash, shine, illuminate, gleam, light up, irradiate, become light, make bright The sky began to lighten.

lighten

2
verb
1. ease, relieve, alleviate, allay, reduce, facilitate, lessen, mitigate, assuage He felt the need to lighten the atmosphere.
ease intensify, worsen, heighten, aggravate, make worse
2. cheer, lift, revive, brighten, hearten, perk up, buoy up, gladden, elate Here's a little something to lighten your spirits.
cheer depress, sadden, weigh down
3. make lighter, ease, disburden, reduce in weight Blending with a food processor lightens the mixture.

lighten 1

verb
1. To provide, cover, or fill with light:
2. To become brighter or fairer:

lighten 2

verb
To make less severe or more bearable:
Translations
يَخِف وزنُهيُضيء، يُنير
odlehčitzjasňovat
blive letteregøre letteregøre lyslysne
léttalÿsa
odľahčiťzjasniť
aydınlanmakaydınlatmakhafifle mek

lighten

1 [ˈlaɪtn]
A. VT [+ room] → iluminar más; [+ sky] → iluminar; [+ color] → hacer más claro
B. VI [sky] → clarear (Met) → relampaguear

lighten

2 [ˈlaɪtn]
A. VT [+ load] → aligerar, hacer menos pesado (fig) (= make cheerful) [+ atmosphere] → relajar; [+ heart] → alegrar; (= reduce) [+ cares] → aliviar
B. VI [load] → aligerarse, hacerse menos pesado; [heart] → alegrarse

lighten

[ˈlaɪtən]
vi
[sky] → s'éclaircir
[mood] → s'égayer
vt (= make lighter in colour) [+ shade] → éclaircir
to lighten one's hair → s'éclaircir les cheveux
(= make less heavy) [+ object, load, burden] → alléger
to lighten one's burden (fig)se soulager d'un fardeau
In sharing this secret you lighten your burden → En confiant ce secret, tu te soulages d'un fardeau.
to lighten sb's load (fig)alléger la charge de qn
By doing this you are lightening the load of hospital doctors → En procédant ainsi, vous allégez la charge des médecins hospitaliers.
to lighten sb's burden (fig)alléger le fardeau de qn
[+ mixture, dish] → alléger
(= make more cheerful) [+ mood, atmosphere] → égayerlight entertainment ndivertissement m léger, variétés fpl

lighten

1
vterhellen; colour, hairaufhellen; gloomaufheitern
vihell werden, sich aufhellen; (mood)sich heben; (atmosphere)sich entspannen; to thunder and lighten (Met) → donnern und blitzen

lighten

2
vt loadleichter machen; to lighten a ship’s cargoein Schiff leichtern; to lighten somebody’s burden or load (fig)jds Lage erleichtern; to lighten somebody’s workloadjdm etwas Arbeit abnehmen; the good news lightened her heartdie gute Nachricht machte ihr das Herz leichter
vi (load) → leichter werden; her heart lightenedihr wurde leichter ums Herz

lighten

1 [ˈlaɪtn]
1. vt (darkness) → rischiarare, illuminare; (hair, colour) → schiarire
2. vischiarirsi; (room) → rischiararsi

lighten

2 [ˈlaɪtn] vt (load) → alleggerire (fig) (make cheerful, heart, atmosphere) → sollevare

light1

(lait) noun
1. the brightness given by the sun, a flame, lamps etc that makes things able to be seen. It was nearly dawn and the light was getting stronger; Sunlight streamed into the room.
2. something which gives light (eg a lamp). Suddenly all the lights went out.
3. something which can be used to set fire to something else; a flame. Have you got a light for my cigarette?
4. a way of viewing or regarding. He regarded her action in a favourable light.
adjective
1. having light; not dark. The studio was a large, light room.
2. (of a colour) pale; closer to white than black. light green.
verbpast tense, past participle lit (lit) , ˈlighted
1. to give light to. The room was lit only by candles.
2. to (make something) catch fire. She lit the gas; I think this match is damp, because it won't light.
ˈlightness noun
ˈlighten verb
to make or become brighter. The white ceiling lightened the room; The sky was lightening.
ˈlighter noun
something used for lighting (a cigarette etc).
ˈlighting noun
a means of providing light. The lighting was so bad in the restaurant that we could hardly see.
lighthouse noun
a building built on rocks, coastline etc with a (flashing) light to guide or warn ships.
ˈlight-year noun
the distance light travels in a year (nearly 9.5 million million kilometres).
bring to light
to reveal or cause to be noticed. The scandal was brought to light by the investigations of a journalist.
come to light
to be revealed or discovered. The manuscript came to light in a box of books at an auction.
in the light of
taking into consideration (eg new information). The theory has been abandoned in the light of more recent discoveries.
light up
1. to begin to give out light. Evening came and the streetlights lit up.
2. to make, be or become full of light. The powerful searchlight lit up the building; She watched the house light up as everyone awoke.
3. to make or become happy. Her face lit up when she saw him; A sudden smile lit up her face.
see the light
1. to be born, discovered, produced etc. After many problems his invention finally saw the light (of day).
2. to be converted to someone else's point of view etc.
set light to
to cause to begin burning. He set light to the pile of rubbish in his garden.

light2

(lait) adjective
1. easy to lift or carry; of little weight. I bought a light suitcase for plane journeys.
2. easy to bear, suffer or do. Next time the punishment will not be so light.
3. (of food) easy to digest. a light meal.
4. of less weight than it should be. The load of grain was several kilos light.
5. of little weight. Aluminium is a light metal.
6. lively or agile. She was very light on her feet.
7. cheerful; not serious. light music.
8. little in quantity; not intense, heavy, strong etc. light rain.
9. (of soil) containing a lot of sand.
ˈlightly adverb
ˈlightness noun
ˈlighten verb
to make or become less heavy. She lightened her suitcase by taking out several pairs of shoes; The postman's bag of parcels lightened as he went from house to house.
ˌlight-ˈfingered adjective
inclined to steal things.
ˌlight-ˈheaded adjective
dizzy and giddy.
ˌlight-ˈhearted adjective
happy and free from anxiety; not grave or serious. a light-hearted mood.
ˈlightweight adjective
light in weight. a lightweight raincoat.
get off lightly
to escape or be allowed to go without severe punishment etc.
make light of
to treat (problems etc) as unimportant.
travel light
to travel with little luggage.

lighten

vt. iluminar, prender la luz; [color] aclarar.
References in classic literature ?
Then let me advise you to take up your little burdens again, for though they seem heavy sometimes, they are good for us, and lighten as we learn to carry them.
But now when the boatswain calls all hands to lighten her; when boxes, bales, and jars are clattering overboard; when the wind is shrieking, and the men are yelling, and every plank thunders with trampling feet right over Jonah's head; in all this raging tumult, Jonah sleeps his hideous sleep.
I'll help you to lighten the cart; they can't move it now.
Once a week the German daily of the highest class lightens up its heavy columns--that is, it thinks it lightens them up--with a profound, an abysmal, book criticism; a criticism which carries you down, down, down into the scientific bowels of the subject--for the German critic is nothing if not scientific--and when you come up at last and scent the fresh air and see the bonny daylight once more, you resolve without a dissenting voice that a book criticism is a mistaken way to lighten up a German daily.
I said it would lighten the load of his life - I hope it will
Had she done everything in her power to lighten Godfrey's privation?
Moreover, the two new kings promised to deal gently with the people, and to lighten the heavy yoke of Chaka, and men in a bad case are always ready to home for a better.
Ay, as willingly as when, in the Gulf of Lyons, I flung over my merchandise to lighten the ship, while she laboured in the tempest robed the seething billows in my choice silks perfumed their briny foam with myrrh and aloes enriched their caverns with gold and silver work
I wish more knew of 'em," retorted Smilash; "perhaps it 'ud lighten your work a bit.
But I was afraid of intruding upon a sorrow that I could not lighten.
Neither time nor reason seemed to lighten his sorrow, and the sight of all the familiar faces and things about him only served to remind him of his loss.
My name is Cardenio, my birthplace one of the best cities of this Andalusia, my family noble, my parents rich, my misfortune so great that my parents must have wept and my family grieved over it without being able by their wealth to lighten it; for the gifts of fortune can do little to relieve reverses sent by Heaven.