lignin


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Related to lignin: hemicellulose

lig·nin

 (lĭg′nĭn)
n.
A complex polymer, the chief noncarbohydrate constituent of wood, that binds to cellulose fibers and hardens and strengthens the cell walls of plants.

lignin

(ˈlɪɡnɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a complex polymer occurring in certain plant cell walls making the plant rigid

lig•nin

(ˈlɪg nɪn)

n.
an organic substance that, with cellulose, forms the chief part of woody tissue.
[1815–25; < Latin lign(um) wood + -in1]

lig·nin

(lĭg′nĭn)
A complex organic compound that binds to cellulose fibers and hardens and strengthens the cell walls of plants. It is the chief noncarbohydrate constituent of wood.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lignin - a complex polymer; the chief constituent of wood other than carbohydrates; binds to cellulose fibers to harden and strengthen cell walls of plants
polymer - a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
Translations
ligniin
ligniini
lignina
References in periodicals archive ?
As an alternative to these synthetic plastics, research in the last decade or so has attempted to develop biodegradable polymer films from natural sources, such as starch, pectin, cellulose, and lignin [2,3,4].
It breaks the lignin seal and disrupts the crystalline structure of cellulose to make it more accessible for enzymes, used for conversion of carbohydrate polymers into fermentable sugars.
Studies in this area have focused on the conversion of biomass polymers into three potential chemical feedstocks: enzymatically hydrolysable cellulose, phenolic lignin polymer, and hemicellulose sugars.
Lignins complex architecture provides structural support and pathogen defense, but it is due to these functions that lignin is considered a major contributor to recalcitrance.
com)-- American Science and Technology (AST), a sustainable technology company, has agreed to begin sending shipments of its Organosolv lignin to the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN ).
Sappi Limited's Biotech division has partnered with CellMark to increase global sales of its Hansa lignin products, the company announced in a statement on Tuesday.
The plant cell wall is composed of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, alongside little amount of pectin, protein and dissolvable nonstructural materials, nitrogenous material, chlorophyll and waxes are also present.
Shiping Zhu, Xueqing Qiu and colleagues showed that out of five types of lignin tested, organosolv lignin improved the sun protection factor (SPF) of sunblock the most.
While the lignin contents were nagtively correlated with level of chlorogenic acid.
A Finland research and technology specialist serving Europe's forested Nordic countries cites a technique to convert lignin, a wood fiber binder and pulp mill byproduct, to a plasticizing agent competitive with synthetic and lignosulphonate-based concrete admixtures.
Lignin is a polyphenolic polymer which is naturally synthesized in lignocellulosic biomass.