literature


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lit·er·a·ture

 (lĭt′ər-ə-cho͝or′, -chər)
n.
1. The body of written works of a language, period, or culture.
2. Imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value: "Literature must be an analysis of experience and a synthesis of the findings into a unity" (Rebecca West).
3. The art or occupation of a literary writer.
4. The body of written work produced by scholars or researchers in a given field: medical literature.
5. Printed material: collected all the available literature on the subject.
6. Music All the compositions of a certain kind or for a specific instrument or ensemble: the symphonic literature.

[Middle English, book learning, from Old French litterature, from Latin litterātūra, from litterātus, lettered; see literate.]

literature

(ˈlɪtərɪtʃə; ˈlɪtrɪ-)
n
1. written material such as poetry, novels, essays, etc, esp works of imagination characterized by excellence of style and expression and by themes of general or enduring interest
2. the body of written work of a particular culture or people: Scandinavian literature.
3. written or printed matter of a particular type or on a particular subject: scientific literature; the literature of the violin.
4. printed material giving a particular type of information: sales literature.
5. the art or profession of a writer
6. obsolete learning
[C14: from Latin litterātūra writing; see letter]

lit•er•a•ture

(ˈlɪt ər ə tʃər, -ˌtʃʊər, ˈlɪ trə-)

n.
1. writing in prose or verse regarded as having permanent worth through its intrinsic excellence.
2. the entire body of writings of a specific language, period, people, etc.
3. the writings dealing with a particular subject.
4. the profession of a writer or author.
5. literary work or production.
6. any kind of printed material, as circulars, leaflets, or handbills.
7. Archaic. literary culture; appreciation of letters and books.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin litterātūra writing, basic education, literature]

Literature


the style and theories of the Greek writers of Alexandria, 325-30 B.C., whose style was highly ornamented and obscure and favored such forms as the elegy, epigram, epyllion, and lyric and also ventured into the drama. — Alexandrianist, n., adj.
an art form, as a story, painting, or sculpture, in which the components have a symbolic, figurative meaning. — allegorist, allegorizer, n. — allegorical, adj.
the placing of a scene, character, event, etc., where it clearly does not belong, either for special effect or as an oversight. See also anachronism. — anachoristic, adj.
an error in chronology, as the placing of an event or figure in a period or scene in which it did not or could not belong. — anachronistic, adj.
a collection of stories, poems, or other literary material. See also christianity. — anthologist, n.
the satirical or humorous use of a word or phrase to convey an idea exactly opposite to its real significance, as Shakespeare’s “honorable men” for Caesar’s murderers. — antiphrastic, adj.
the act or process of plagiarizing one’s own work.
the view that literature is a fine art, especially as having a purely aesthetic function. — belletrist, n. — belles lettres, n. — belletristic, adj.
an allegorical or moralizing commentary, usually medieval and sometimes illustrated, based upon real or fabled animals.
the condition of having a book on the bestseller list.
the expurgation of a literary work in a highly prudish manner. Also bowdlerization. — bowdlerize, v.
the revival in arts and letters in the 16th century in Italy. — cinquecentist, n., adj.
1. the act or art of analyzing the quality of something, especially a literary or artistic work, a musical or dramatic performance, etc.
2. a critical comment, article, or essay; critique. — critic, n.
a person who is well acquainted with culture, as literature, the arts, etc., and who advocates their worth to society.
the analysis of original texts or documents.
the art and literature of 13th-century Italy. — duecentist, n., adj.
the art or practice of writing letters. — epistolographic, adj.
an abnormal interest in erotic literature.
1. the habit of writing essays.
2. the quality that allows a composition to be called an essay. — essayist, n.
an anthology or select collection of literary pieces.
the writing or compilation of marginal or interlinear notes in a manuscript text. — glossographer, n.
a scholar of literature who shows parallels or harmony between passages from different authors. See also music.
a theory or practice of a group of English and American poets between 1909 and 1917, especially emphasis upon the use of common speech, new rhythms, unrestricted subject matter, and clear and precise images. — Imagist, n. — Imagistic, adj.
a member of an order of Armenian monks, founded in 1715 by Mekhitar da Pietro, dedicated to literary work, especially the perfecting of the Armenian language and the translation into it of the major works of other languages.
an emphasis in narrative or dramatic literary works on the sensational in situation or action. — melodramatist, n. — melodramatic, adj.
the art or practice of writing memoirs. — memoirist, n.
the excessively optimistic outlook of Wilkins Micawber, a character from Dickens’s novel David Copperfield. — Micawberish, adj.
1. ancient forms of writing, as in inscriptions, documents, and manuscripts.
2. the study of ancient writings, including decipherment, translation, and determination of age and date. — paleographer, palaeographer, n. — paleographic, palaeographic, adj.
the theories and practice of a school of French poets in the 19th century, especially an emphasis upon art for art’s sake, careful metrics, and the repression of emotive elements. — Parnassian, n., adj.
the quality of being hypocritical or selfish like Dickens’s character Seth Pecksniff in the novel Martin Chuzzlewit. — Pecksniffery, n. — Pecksniffian, adj.
an abnormal interest in pornography.
strict adherence to particular concepts, rules, or ideals of form, style, etc., either as formulated by the artist or as dictated by a school with which the artist is allied, See also art; criticism; language. — purist, n., adj.
a quality in literature that is the product of fidelity to the habits, speech, manners, history, folklore, and beliefs of a particular geographical section, as Thomas Hardy and Wessex. — regionalist, n. — regionalistic, adj.
an ancient commentator on the classics, especially the writing of marginalia (scholia) on grammatical and interpretive cruxes. — scholiastic, adj.
the writing of satires. — sillographer, n.
the systematic study of folklore and folk literature, especially concerning origin and transmission. — storiologist, n.
the actions or characteristics of the imaginary inhabitants of Luggnagg, a country created by Swift in Gulliver’s Travels.
the principles of a literary movement originated during the latter part of the 19th century in France and highly influential in literature written in English, characterized especially by an emphasis upon the associative character of verbal, often private, symbols and the use of synesthetic devices to suggest color and music. — Symbolist, n., adj.
1. a type of mythmaking or storytelling in which monsters and marvels are featured.
2. a collection of such stories. — teratologist, n. — teratological, adj.
a series of four related works. — tetralogist, n. — tetralogical, adj.
the introduction of gods or supernatural entities into a dramatic or literary work, especially to resolve situations. — theotechnic, adj.
a series of three related works. — trilogist, n. — trilogical, adj.
the condition of having romantic qualities like Werther, a character from Goethe’s The Sorrows of Werther. — Wertherian, adj.
a variety of academic or literary research attempting to find the sources behind works of the imagination, named after a noted study of this kind, John Livingston Lowes’ Road to Xanadu (1927), an inquiry into Coleridge’s poem, “Xanadu.” — Xanaduist, n., adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.literature - creative writing of recognized artistic valueliterature - creative writing of recognized artistic value
literature - the profession or art of a writer; "her place in literature is secure"
steed - (literary) a spirited horse for state or war
deconstruction, deconstructionism - a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning
lit, literature - the humanistic study of a body of literature; "he took a course in Russian lit"
piece of writing, written material, writing - the work of a writer; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet (especially when considered from the point of view of style and effect); "the writing in her novels is excellent"; "that editorial was a fine piece of writing"
literature - published writings in a particular style on a particular subject; "the technical literature"; "one aspect of Waterloo has not yet been treated in the literature"
flashback - a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
flash-forward - a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to a later event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
editing, redaction - putting something (as a literary work or a legislative bill) into acceptable form
Sanskrit literature - Hindu literature written in Sanskrit
republication - something that has been published again; a fresh publication (as of a literary work)
rosebud - (a literary reference to) a pretty young girl
tempest - (literary) a violent wind; "a tempest swept over the island"
tension - a balance between and interplay of opposing elements or tendencies (especially in art or literature); "there is a tension created between narrative time and movie time"; "there is a tension between these approaches to understanding history"
longueur - a period of dullness or boredom (especially in a work of literature or performing art)
carved, carven - made for or formed by carving (`carven' is archaic or literary); "the carved fretwork"; "an intricately carved door"; "stood as if carven from stone"
2.literature - the humanistic study of a body of literatureliterature - the humanistic study of a body of literature; "he took a course in Russian lit"
literary study - the humanistic study of literature
literature - creative writing of recognized artistic value
3.literature - published writings in a particular style on a particular subject; "the technical literature"; "one aspect of Waterloo has not yet been treated in the literature"
piece of writing, written material, writing - the work of a writer; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet (especially when considered from the point of view of style and effect); "the writing in her novels is excellent"; "that editorial was a fine piece of writing"
literature - creative writing of recognized artistic value
historiography - a body of historical literature
4.literature - the profession or art of a writer; "her place in literature is secure"
profession - an occupation requiring special education (especially in the liberal arts or sciences)
literature - creative writing of recognized artistic value

literature

noun
1. writings, letters, compositions, lore, creative writing, written works, belles-lettres classic works of literature
2. information, publicity, leaflet, brochure, circular, pamphlet, handout, mailshot, handbill I'm sending you literature from two other companies. see figures of speech, Shakespeare
Quotations
"It takes a great deal of history to produce a little literature" [Henry James Hawthorne]
"Remarks are not literature" [Gloria Steinem Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas]
"Literature is mostly about having sex and not much about children; life is the other way around" [David Lodge The British Museum is Falling Down]
"Literature is news that STAYS news" [Ezra Pound ABC of Reading]
"Literature is a luxury. Fiction is a necessity" [G.K. Chesterton The Defendant]
"Literature is where I go to explore the highest and lowest places in human society and in the human spirit, where I hope to find not absolute truth but the truth of the tale, of the imagination and of the heart" [Salman Rushdie]
"When once the itch of literature comes over a man, nothing can cure it but the scratching of a pen" [Samuel Lover Handy Andy]

Literature

Literature terms  allegory, alliteration, allusion, amphigory or amphigouri, Angry Young Men, anti-hero, antinovel, anti-roman, aphorism, archaism, Augustan, Bakhtinian, bathos, Beat Generation or Beats, belles-lettres, belletrist, bibliography, Bildungsroman, black comedy, Bloomsbury group, bodice-ripper, bombast, bowdlerization, Brechtian, bricolage, Byronic, carnivalesque, campus novel, causerie, Celtic Revival, cento, chiller, Ciceronian, classicism, coda, colloquialism, comedy, comedy of manners, commedia dell'arte, conceit, courtly love, cultural materialism, cut-up technique, cyberpunk, death of the author, decadence, deconstruction, denouement, Derridian, dialectic, dialogue, Dickensian, discourse, double entendre, drama, epic, epilogue, epistle, epistolary novel, epitaph, erasure, essay, exegesis, expressionism, fable, fabulist, faction, fantastique, fantasy, feminist theory, festschrift, figure of speech, fin de siècle, foreword, Foucauldian, Futurism, gloss, Gongorism, Gothic, hagiography, Hellenism, hermeneutics, historical novel, historicism, Homeric, Horatian, hudibrastic verse, imagery, interior monologue, intertextuality, invective, Jacobean, Janeite, Johnsonian, journalese, Joycean, Juvenalian, Kafkaesque, kailyard, kenning, kiddy lit, lampoon, Laurentian or Lawrentian, legend, literary criticism, littérateur, locus classicus, Lost Generation, magic realism or magical realism, marxist theory, maxim, melodrama, metafiction, metalanguage, metaphor, mock-heroic, modernism, motif, myth, mythopoeia, narrative, narratology, narrator, naturalism, new criticism, new historicism, nom de plume, nouveau roman, novel, novelette, novella, onomatopoeia, oxymoron, palindrome, paraphrase, parody, pastiche, pastoral, pathos, picaresque, plagiarism, plot, polemic, pornography, post-colonialism, postmodernism, post-structuralism, post-theory, pot-boiler, queer theory, realism, Restoration comedy, roman, roman à clef, Romanticism, saga, samizdat, satire, science fiction or SF, sentimental novel, shopping-and-fucking or S & F novel, short story, signifier and signified, simile, sketch, socialist realism, splatterpunk, Spoonerism, story, stream of consciousness, structuralism, Sturm und Drang, subplot, subtext, Surrealism, Swiftian, theme, theory, thesis, tragedy, tragicomedy, trope, verse, vignette
Literary characters 
CharacterBookAuthor
Captain AhabMoby DickHerman Melville
AladdinThe Arabian Nights' EntertainmentsTraditional
AliceAlice's Adventures in Wonderland, Through the Looking-GlassLewis Carroll
Bridget AllworthyTom JonesHenry Fielding
Squire AllworthyTom JonesHenry Fielding
Blanch AmoryPendennisWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Harry AngstromRabbit, Run et al.John Updike
Artful DodgerOliver TwistCharles Dickens
Jack AubreyMaster and Commander et al.Patrick O'Brian
Aunt PollyTom SawyerMark Twain
Joe BagstockDombey and SonCharles Dickens
David BalfourKidnapped, CatrionaRobert Louis Stevenson
Mrs. BardellThe Pickwick PapersCharles Dickens
BarkisDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Jake BarnesThe Sun Also RisesErnest Hemingway
Adam BedeAdam BedeGeorge Eliot
Seth BedeAdam BedeGeorge Eliot
Laura BellPendennisWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Elizabeth BennetPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Jane BennetPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Kitty BennetPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Lydia BennetPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Mary BennetPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Mr. BennetPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Mrs. BennetPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Edmund BertramMansfield ParkJane Austen
Julia BertramMansfield ParkJane Austen
Lady BertramMansfield ParkJane Austen
Maria BertramMansfield ParkJane Austen
Sir Thomas BertramMansfield ParkJane Austen
Tom BertramMansfield ParkJane Austen
BiddyGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
Charles BingleyPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Stephen BlackpoolHard TimesCharles Dickens
Anthony BlancheBrideshead RevisitedEvelyn Waugh
Leopold BloomUlyssesJames Joyce
Molly BloomUlyssesJames Joyce
Mr. BoffinOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Mrs. BoffinOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Farmer BoldwoodFar from the Madding CrowdThomas Hardy
Josiah BounderbyHard TimesCharles Dickens
Madeline BrayNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Alan BreckKidnapped, CatrionaRobert Louis Stevenson
Sue BrideheadJude the ObscureThomas Hardy
Miss BriggsVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Dorothea BrookeMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
Mr. BrookeMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
Mr. BrownlowOliver TwistCharles Dickens
Daisy BuchananThe Great GatsbyF. Scott Fitzgerald
Rosa BudEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
Billy BuddBilly Budd, ForetopmanHerman Melville
Mr. BulstrodeMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
BumbleOliver TwistCharles Dickens
Mrs. CadwalladerMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
CarkerDombey and SonCharles Dickens
Richard CarstoneBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Sydney CartonA Tale of Two CitiesCharles Dickens
Mr. CasaubonMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
CasbyLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Flora CasbyLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Dunstan CassSilas MarnerGeorge Eliot
Godfrey CassSilas MarnerGeorge Eliot
Lady CastlewoodHenry EsmondWilliam Makepeace ThackerayLord CastlewoodHenry EsmondWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Holden CaulfieldThe Catcher in the RyeJ. D. Salinger
ChadbandBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Constance ChatterleyLady Chatterley's LoverD. H. Lawrence
The Cheeryble BrothersNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Edward ChesterBarnaby RudgeCharles Dickens
Sir James ChettamMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
ChuffeyMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Frank ChurchillEmmaJane Austen
Jonas ChuzzlewitMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Martin ChuzzlewitMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Ada ClareBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Angel ClareTess of the D'UrbervillesThomas Hardy
Arthur ClennamLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Humphry ClinkerHumphry ClinkerTobias Smollett
William CollinsPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Benjy CompsonThe Sound and the FuryWilliam Faulkner
David CopperfieldDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Emily CostiganPendennisWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Bob CratchitA Christmas CarolCharles Dickens
Henry CrawfordMansfield ParkJane Austen
Mary CrawfordMansfield ParkJane Austen
Bute CrawleyVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Miss CrawleyVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Mrs. Bute CrawleyVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Pitt CrawleyVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Rawdon CrawleyVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Sir Pitt CrawleyVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Septimus CrisparkleEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
Vincent CrummlesNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Jerry CruncherA Tale of Two CitiesCharles Dickens
Robinson CrusoeRobinson CrusoeDaniel Defoe
Captain CuttleDombey and SonCharles Dickens
Sebastian DangerfieldThe Ginger ManJ. P. Donleavy
Fitzwilliam DarcyPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Charles DarnayA Tale of Two CitiesCharles Dickens
Elinor DashwoodSense and SensibilityJane Austen
John DashwoodSense and SensibilityJane Austen
Margaret DashwoodSense and SensibilityJane Austen
Marianne DashwoodSense and SensibilityJane Austen
Mrs. Henry DashwoodSense and SensibilityJane Austen
Dick DatcheryEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
Fancy DayUnder The Greenwood TreeThomas Hardy
Lady Catherine de BourghPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Stephen DedalusA Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, UlyssesJames Joyce
Sir Leicester DedlockBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Lady DedlockBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Madame DefargeA Tale of Two CitiesCharles Dickens
Dick DewyUnder The Greenwood TreeThomas Hardy
Mr. DickDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Jim DixonLucky JimKingsley Amis
William DobbinVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Mr. DombeyDombey and SonCharles Dickens
Florence DombeyDombey and SonCharles Dickens
Don QuixoteDon Quixote de la ManchaMiguel de Cervantes
Arabella DonnJude the ObscureThomas Hardy
Lorna DooneLorna DooneR. D. Blackmore
Amy Dorrit or Little DorritLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Fanny DorritLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Tip DorritLittle DorritCharles Dickens
William DorritLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Edwin DroodEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
Bentley DrummleGreat Expectations
Catriona DrummondCatrionaRobert Louis StevensonCharles Dickens
Alec D'UrbervilleTess of the D'UrbervillesThomas Hardy
Tess DurbeyfieldTess of the D'UrbervillesThomas Hardy
Catherine EarnshawWuthering HeightsEmily Brontë
Hareton EarnshawWuthering HeightsEmily Brontë
Hindley EarnshawWuthering HeightsEmily Brontë
Anne ElliotPersuasionJane Austen
Elizabeth ElliotPersuasionJane Austen
Sir Walter ElliotPersuasionJane Austen
Em'lyDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
EppieSilas MarnerGeorge Eliot
EsmeraldaNotre Dame de ParisVictor Hugo
Beatrix EsmondHenry EsmondWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Henry EsmondHenry EsmondWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
EstellaGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
Bathsheba EverdeneFar from the Madding CrowdThomas Hardy
Jane EyreJane EyreCharlotte Brontë
FaginOliver TwistCharles Dickens
Andrew FairserviceRob RoySir Walter Scott
Donald FarfraeThe Mayor of CasterbridgeThomas Hardy
Jude FawleyJude the ObscureThomas Hardy
Edward FerrarsSense and SensibilityJane Austen
Huck or Huckleberry FinnTom Sawyer, Huckleberry FinnMark Twain
Miss FliteBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Julia FlyteBrideshead RevisitedEvelyn Waugh
Sebastian FlyteBrideshead RevisitedEvelyn Waugh
Phileas FoggAround the World in Eighty DaysJules Verne
Man FridayRobinson CrusoeDaniel Defoe
Sarah GampMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Joe GargeryGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
Jay GatsbyThe Great GatsbyF. Scott Fitzgerald
Walter GayDombey and SonCharles Dickens
Solomon GillsDombey and SonCharles Dickens
Louisa GradgrindHard TimesCharles Dickens
Thomas GradgrindHard TimesCharles Dickens
Tom GradgrindHard TimesCharles Dickens
Mary GrahamMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Edith GrangerDombey and SonCharles Dickens
Dorian GrayThe Picture of Dorian GrayOscar Wilde
Mr. GrewgiousEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
Mrs. GrundySpeed the PloughT. Morton
Ben GunnTreasure IslandRobert Louis Stevenson
Chris GuthrieSunset Song et al.Lewis Grassic Gibbon
HamDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Richard HannayThe Thirty-nine Steps et al.John Buchan
Emma HaredaleBarnaby RudgeCharles Dickens
John HarmonOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
James HarthouseHard TimesCharles Dickens
Miss HavishamGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
Sir Mulberry HawkNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Jim HawkinsTreasure IslandRobert Louis Stevenson
Bradley HeadstoneOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
HeathcliffWuthering HeightsEmily Brontë
Uriah HeepDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Michael HenchardThe Mayor of CasterbridgeThomas Hardy
Lizzy HexamOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Betty HigdenOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Sherlock HolmesThe Adventures of Sherlock Holmes et al.Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Humbert HumbertLolitaVladimir Nabokov
Mr. HydeThe Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. HydeRobert Louis Stevenson
Injun JoeTom SawyerMark Twain
IshmaelMoby DickHerman Melville
JaggersGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
John JarndyceBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Bailie Nicol JarvieRob RoySir Walter Scott
John JasperEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
JeevesMy Man Jeeves et al.P. G. Wodehouse
Dr. JekyllThe Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. HydeRobert Louis Stevenson
Mrs. JellybyBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Mrs. JenningsSense and SensibilityJane Austen
JimHuckleberry FinnMark Twain
Lord JimLord JimJoseph Conrad
JingleThe Pickwick PapersCharles Dickens
JoBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Cissy JupeHard TimesCharles Dickens
Joseph K.The TrialFranz Kafka
George KnightleyEmmaJane Austen
KrookBleak HouseCharles Dickens
KurtzHeart of DarknessJoseph Conrad
Will LadislawMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
Helena LandlessEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
Neville LandlessEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
Edgar LintonWuthering HeightsEmily Brontë
Isabella LintonWuthering HeightsEmily Brontë
Dr. LiveseyTreasure IslandRobert Louis Stevenson
Tertius LydgateMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
Rob Roy MacgregorRob RoySir Walter Scott
Randle P. McMurphyOne Flew Over the Cuckoo's NestKen Kesey
Abel MagwitchGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
Dr. ManetteA Tale of Two CitiesCharles Dickens
Lucie ManetteA Tale of Two CitiesCharles Dickens
Madame MantaliniNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
The MarchionessThe Old Curiosity ShopCharles Dickens
Jacob MarleyA Christmas CarolCharles Dickens
Philip MarloweThe Big Sleep et al.Raymond Chandler
Silas MarnerSilas MarnerGeorge Eliot
Stephen MaturinMaster and Commander et al.Patrick O'Brian
Oliver MellorsLady Chatterley's LoverD. H. Lawrence
MerdleLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Mrs. MerdleLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Wilkins MicawberDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Walter MittyThe Secret Life of Walter MittyJames Thurber
Lord MohunHenry EsmondWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
MonksOliver TwistCharles Dickens
Dean MoriartyOn the RoadJack Kerouac
Professor MoriartyThe Adventures of Sherlock Holmes et al.Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Dinah MorrisAdam BedeGeorge Eliot
MurdstoneDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Mrs. GrundyHard TimesCharles Dickens
Baron MünchhausenMünchhausen, Baron, Narrative of His Marvellous TravelsR. E. Raspe
NancyOliver TwistCharles Dickens
Little NellThe Old Curiosity ShopCharles Dickens
Captain NemoTwenty Thousand Leagues under the SeaJules Verne
Kate NicklebyNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Nicholas NicklebyNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Ralph NicklebyNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Newman NoggsNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Susan NipperDombey and SonCharles Dickens
Kit NubblesThe Old Curiosity ShopCharles Dickens
Gabriel OakFar from the Madding CrowdThomas Hardy
Glorvina O'DowdVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Major O'DowdVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Mrs. O'DowdVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Francis OsbaldistoneRob RoySir Walter Scott
Rashleigh OsbaldistoneRob RoySir Walter Scott
George OsborneVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
PancksLittle DorritCharles Dickens
Sancho PanzaDon Quixote de la ManchaMiguel de Cervantes
Sal ParadiseOn the RoadJack Kerouac
PassepartoutAround the World in Eighty DaysJules Verne
PecksniffMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Charity PecksniffMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Mercy PecksniffMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
PeggotyDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Arthur PendennisPendennisWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Helen PendennisPendennisWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
PewTreasure IslandRobert Louis Stevenson
Samuel PickwickThe Pickwick PapersCharles Dickens
Ruth PinchMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Tom PinchMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Pip or Philip PirripGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
Herbert PocketGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
Charles PooterThe Diary of a NobodyG. and W. Grossmith
Martin PoyserAdam BedeGeorge Eliot
Mrs. PoyserAdam BedeGeorge Eliot
Fanny PriceMansfield ParkJane Austen
J. Alfred PrufrockPrufrock and Other ObservationsT. S. Eliot
PumblechookGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
QuasimodoNotre Dame de ParisVictor Hugo
QueequegMoby DickHerman Melville
Daniel QuilpThe Old Curiosity ShopCharles Dickens
Roderick RandomRoderick RandomTobias Smollett
RiahOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Rogue RiderhoodOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Fanny RobinFar from the Madding CrowdThomas Hardy
Mr. RochesterJane EyreCharlotte Brontë
Barnaby RudgeBarnaby RudgeCharles Dickens
Lady RussellPersuasionJane Austen
Charles RyderBrideshead RevisitedEvelyn Waugh
Tom SawyerTom SawyerMark Twain
ScroogeA Christmas CarolCharles Dickens
Amelia SedleyVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Jos SedleyVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Tristram ShandyThe Life and Opinions of Tristram ShandyLaurence Sterne
Becky or Rebecca SharpVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Bill SikesOliver TwistCharles Dickens
Long John SilverTreasure IslandRobert Louis Stevenson
Harold SkimpoleBleak HouseCharles Dickens
SlearyHard TimesCharles Dickens
SmikeNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
Harriet SmithEmmaJane Austen
Winston Smith1984George Orwell
Augustus SnodgrassThe Pickwick PapersCharles Dickens
Hetty SorrelAdam BedeGeorge Eliot
Lady SouthdownVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Mrs. SparsitHard TimesCharles Dickens
Dora SpenlowDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Wackford SqueersNicholas NicklebyCharles Dickens
StarbuckMoby DickHerman Melville
Lucy SteeleSense and SensibilityJane Austen
James SteerforthDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Lord SteyneVanity FairWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Esther SummersonBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Dick SwivellerThe Old Curiosity ShopCharles Dickens
Mark TapleyMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
TartuffeTartuffeMolière
Mr. TartarEdwin DroodCharles Dickens
TarzanTarzan of the ApesEdgar Rice Burroughs
Becky ThatcherTom SawyerMark Twain
Montague TiggMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
Tiny TimA Christmas CarolCharles Dickens
Mrs. TodgersMartin ChuzzlewitCharles Dickens
TootsDombey and SonCharles Dickens
TraddlesDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Squire TrelawneyTreasure IslandRobert Louis Stevenson
Fred TrentThe Old Curiosity ShopCharles Dickens
Job TrotterThe Pickwick PapersCharles Dickens
Betsey TrotwoodDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
Sergeant TroyFar from the Madding CrowdThomas Hardy
TulkinghornBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Tracy TupmanThe Pickwick PapersCharles Dickens
Thomas TusherHenry EsmondWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Oliver TwistOliver TwistCharles Dickens
Gabriel VardenBarnaby RudgeCharles Dickens
Dolly VardenBarnaby RudgeCharles Dickens
Mr. VeneeringOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Mrs. VeneeringOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Diggory VennReturn of the NativeThomas Hardy
Diana VernonRob RoySir Walter Scott
Rosamond VincyMiddlemarchGeorge Eliot
Johann VossVossPatrick White
Eustacia VyeReturn of the NativeThomas Hardy
George WarringtonPendennisWilliam Makepeace Thackeray
Dr. WatsonThe Adventures of Sherlock Holmes et al.Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Silas WeggOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Sam WellerThe Pickwick PapersCharles Dickens
WemmickGreat ExpectationsCharles Dickens
Frank WentworthPersuasionJane Austen
Agnes WickfieldDavid CopperfieldCharles Dickens
George WickhamPride and PrejudiceJane Austen
Damon WildeveReturn of the NativeThomas Hardy
Bella WilferOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
John WilloughbySense and SensibilityJane Austen
Nathaniel WinkleThe Pickwick PapersCharles Dickens
Dolly WinthropSilas MarnerGeorge Eliot
Allan WoodcourtBleak HouseCharles Dickens
Emma WoodhouseEmmaJane Austen
Mr. WoodhouseEmmaJane Austen
Bertie WoosterMy Man Jeeves et al.P. G. Wodehouse
Eugene WrayburnOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Jenny WrenOur Mutual FriendCharles Dickens
Clym YeobrightReturn of the NativeThomas Hardy
Thomasin YeobrightReturn of the NativeThomas Hardy
YossarianCatch-22Joseph Heller
Yuri ZhivagoDoctor ZhivagoBoris Pasternak
Zorba or Alexis ZorbasZorba the GreekNikos Kazantzakis
Translations
أَدَبُأدَب
literatura
litteratur
kirjallisuus
književnost
irodalom
bókmenntir
文学
문학
literatūra
literatūra
literatúra
književnost
litteratur
วรรณคดี
văn học

literature

[ˈlɪtərɪtʃəʳ] N
1. (= writings) → literatura f
2. (= promotional material) → información f, publicidad f
3. (= learned studies of subject) → estudios mpl, bibliografía f

literature

[ˈlɪtrətʃər] n
(= novels, poetry, plays) → littérature f
I'm studying English Literature → J'étudie la littérature anglaise.
(= information) → prospectus mpl
(academic)littérature f
scientific literature → la littérature scientifique

literature

nLiteratur f; (inf: = brochures etc) → Informationsmaterial nt; (= specialist literature)(Fach)literatur f

literature

[ˈlɪtrɪtʃəʳ] n (publications) (Literature) → letteratura; (brochures) → opuscoli mpl, materiale m, informativo

literature

(ˈlitrətʃə) noun
poems, novels, plays etc in verse or prose, especially if of fine quality.

literature

أَدَبُ literatura litteratur Literatur λογοτεχνία literatura kirjallisuus littérature književnost letteratura 文学 문학 literatuur litteratur literatura literatura литература litteratur วรรณคดี edebiyat văn học 文学作品
References in classic literature ?
The year is gone, we still unite To joke and laugh and read, And tread the path of literature That doth to glory lead.
I have been so busy on my stabilizer patent that I haven't kept up with current literature.
It will be seen, likewise, that this Custom-House sketch has a certain propriety, of a kind always recognised in literature, as explaining how a large portion of the following pages came into my possession, and as offering proofs of the authenticity of a narrative therein contained.
As yet, however, the sperm whale, scientific or poetic, lives not complete in any literature.
How, for instance, could any one expect to excite sympathy among lovers of good literature by telling how a family found their home alive with vermin, and of all the suffering and inconvenience and humiliation they were put to, and the hard-earned money they spent, in efforts to get rid of them?
I know one or two Lines that would do, Literature that might stand All over the land Which a man could remember Till next December, And read again in the spring, After the thawing.
I was hungry enough for literature to want to take down the whole paper at this one meal, but I got only a few bites, and then had to postpone, because the monks around me besieged me so with eager ques- tions: What is this curious thing?
At the time I am writing of, I had been reading so much of this literature that sometimes I was not sure but I was beginning to believe in the gnomes and fairies as realities.
Tom had furnished these titles, from his favorite literature.
Among the teachers at Wareham was one who influenced Rebecca profoundly, Miss Emily Maxwell, with whom she studied English literature and composition.
In this age of literature, such collections on a very grand scale are not uncommon.
I have seen a great deal of him, have studied his sentiments and heard his opinion on subjects of literature and taste; and, upon the whole, I venture to pronounce that his mind is well-informed, enjoyment of books exceedingly great, his imagination lively, his observation just and correct, and his taste delicate and pure.