The importance of mechanical compaction in reducing porosity and causing lithification
is stressed by Cyziene et al.
In addition, bedding measurements from the Chain Rock member of the Bluestone Quarry Formation fall outside the main girdle distribution, suggesting a more complex structural history, here interpreted to involve deformation that took place before lithification
Thermal analysis of basalt containing ceramic masses showed that with increasing amounts of basalt an increase in mass loss, which, in our opinion, is connected with the content of aqueous minerals in basalt (hlorofeit), which is saturated with water lithification
of residual melt.
Today, chemical scientists are mostly dealing with analysis of the structure and composition of the organic constituent and inorganic minerals present in oil shale, as well as the molecular structure of kerogen and lithification
characteristics of inorganic minerals.
Quartz grains in sandstone beds of the third member--the Carbon Canyon Member--are set in carbonate, silica, hematite, or chlorite cement or clay matrix, which in itself would indicate a long, diverse history of deposition and lithification
The existence of such a structure indicates that the calcareous mud was originally deposited in a calm, shallow, and deep area where rock lithification
Diagenesis is defined as a series of chemical, physical, and biological processes leading to a significant change in sediments, which started after their deposition and continued during and after their lithification
(Larsen & Chilingar 1979; Morse & Mackenzie 1990).
Aragonite-cemented sandstone from outer continental shelf off Delaware Bay: submarine lithification
mechanism yields product resembling beachrock.
Many of the Chondrites traces show vertical compression indicating some compaction of the mud during lithification
The thrust fault occurred after the deposition and lithification
of the Visean Windsor Group, and most likely took place during the Alleghanian orogeny in the Late Carboniferous to Permian.
Deep-sea carbonate sediments of the Red Sea and their implications of marine lithification
Tiny crystals of authigenic minerals (feldspars) in hollows of C-rich particles were obviously formed before the cementation and lithification
of the ejecta layer.