loan translation(redirected from loan translations)
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A form of borrowing from one language to another whereby the semantic components of a given term are literally translated into their equivalents in the borrowing language. English superman, for example, is a loan translation from German Übermensch. Also called calque.
(Linguistics) the adoption by one language of a phrase or compound word whose components are literal translations of the components of a corresponding phrase or compound in a foreign language: English "superman" is a loan translation from German "Übermensch.". Also called: calque
1. a compound word or expression formed by translation of each of the elements of a compound from another language, as gospel (Old English gōdspell) from Greek euangélion “good news”.
2. the process whereby such a compound is formed.
A word or phrase created in a language by translating a word or phrase in another language, for example superman” from the German “übermensch.”
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|Noun||1.||loan translation - an expression introduced into one language by translating it from another language; "`superman' is a calque for the German `Ubermensch'"|