emphysema

(redirected from lobar emphysema)
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Related to lobar emphysema: congenital lobar emphysema
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emphysema
top: normal bronchiole and alveoli
bottom: diseased bronchiole with mucus, enlarged air sacs in the alveoli, and fewer capillaries

em·phy·se·ma

 (ĕm′fĭ-sē′mə, -zē′-)
n.
1. A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar walls.
2. An abnormal distension of body tissues caused by retention of air.

[Greek emphūsēma, inflation, from emphūsān, to blow in : en-, in; see en-2 + phūsān, to blow (from phūsa, bellows, bladder).]

em′phy·sem′a·tous (-sĕm′ə-təs, -sē′mə-, -zĕm′ə-, -zē′mə-) adj.
em′phy·se′mic adj. & n.

emphysema

(ˌɛmfɪˈsiːmə)
n
1. (Pathology) Also called: pulmonary emphysema a condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are grossly enlarged, causing breathlessness and wheezing
2. (Pathology) the abnormal presence of air in a tissue or part
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek emphusēma, a swelling up, from emphusan to inflate, from phusan to blow]
emphysematous adj

em•phy•se•ma

(ˌɛm fəˈsi mə, -ˈzi-)

n.
1. a chronic disease of the lungs characterized by difficulty in breathing due to abnormal enlargement and loss of elasticity of the air spaces.
2. any abnormal distention of an organ or part of the body with air or other gas.
[1655–65; < New Latin < Greek emphysēma=emphȳsē-, variant s. of emphȳsân to blow up, inflate + -ma n. suffix of result]
em`phy•sem′a•tous (-ˈsɛm ə təs, -ˈsi mə-, -ˈzɛm ə-, -ˈzi mə-) adj.
em`phy•se′mic, adj.

em·phy·se·ma

(ĕm′fĭ-sē′mə)
A chronic disease in which the small air sacs of the lungs (called alveoli) become enlarged and eventually collapse, causing blockage to the flow of air. Symptoms include difficulty breathing and loss of physical endurance. Emphysema can be caused by excessive smoking.

emphysema


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A disease in which the alveoli (tiny air sacs) of the lungs are damaged. Their separating walls are destroyed and the alveoli are enlarged. This leads to a decrease in the surface area available for gas exchange, and breathing becomes very difficult. The major cause of emphysema is tobacco smoking, but pollution and hereditary factors may also be involved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.emphysema - an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory functionemphysema - an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness - a disease affecting the respiratory system
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
Translations
emfyzém
emfüseem

emphysema

[emfɪˈsiːmə] Nenfisema m

emphysema

[ˌɛmfɪˈsiːmə] nemphysème m
to suffer from emphysema → avoir de l'emphysème

emphysema

[ɛmfɪˈsiːmə] n (Med) → enfisema m

em·phy·se·ma

n. enfisema, enfermedad crónica pulmonar en la cual los alvéolos pulmonares se distienden y los tejidos localizados entre los mismos se atrofian y dificultan el proceso respiratorio;
___ heartcorazón enfisematoso.

emphysema

n enfisema m
References in periodicals archive ?
Category 2 Anomalies Number % Small intestinal stenosis 1 Single umbilical artery 2 Renal cyst with single atria 1 and ventricle Absent kidney L 1 Congenital lobar emphysema 2 Spinal haemangioma 1 Haemangioma scalp 1 Renal agenesis B/L 1 Placental infarct 1 Placental necrosis 1 Total 12 24.
Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare variety of congenital malformation of lung characterized by over distension of a lobe of the lung due to partial obstruction of the bronchus.
Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare form of congenital malformation of the lungs characterized by over distension of a lobe of lung due to partial obstruction of the bronchus.
Two cases of prenatally diagnosed congenital lobar emphysema caused by lobar bronchial atresia; J Pediatr Surg 2006; 41; E17 -E20.
The differential diagnosis of CCAM includes diaphragmatic hernia, cystic bronchiectasis, congenital lobar emphysema, intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst, prior infection with pneumatocoele formation and other foregut malformations.
Chest X-ray findings may be confused in situations such as pulmonary hypoplasia where the decreased lung volume and density may be misinterpreted as collapse, or congenital lobar emphysema which may be mistaken for a pneumothorax.
Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare neonatal respiratory tract pathology that may cause an emergent clinical picture requiring urgent surgical intervention.
Congenital lobar emphysema typically effects children below 6 months of age and is more common in males than females.
2 Congenital lesions, also known as bronchopulmonary foregut malformations, include the discrete entities of pulmonary sequestration, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), congenital lobar emphysema, and bronchogenic pulmonary cysts.
CONCLUSION: We conclude that the successful outcome of a patient with congenital lobar emphysema depends upon the thorough understanding of pathophysiology of one lung ventilation, methods of lung isolation, maintaining perioperative hemodynamic stability and good postoperative ventilation with adequate postoperative analgesia.