locust


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Related to locust: Desert locust, locust tree
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locust
black locust
Robinia pseudoacacia

lo·cust

 (lō′kəst)
n.
1. Any of various short-horned grasshoppers that sometimes migrate in immense swarms, devouring vegetation and crops.
2. A cicada, especially a periodical cicada.
3.
a. Any of several trees of the pea family bearing long pods, especially the black locust, honey locust, and carob.
b. The wood of any of these trees.

[Middle English, from Old French locuste, from Latin locusta. Sense 3a, probably from the resemblance of a carob pod to a grasshopper and the use of both as subsistence food in drier regions of the Near East.]

locust

(ˈləʊkəst)
n
1. (Animals) any of numerous orthopterous insects of the genera Locusta, Melanoplus, etc, such as L. migratoria, of warm and tropical regions of the Old World, which travel in vast swarms, stripping large areas of vegetation. See also grasshopper1 Compare seventeen-year locust
2. (Plants) Also called: locust tree or false acacia a North American leguminous tree, Robinia pseudoacacia, having prickly branches, hanging clusters of white fragrant flowers, and reddish-brown seed pods
3. (Plants) the yellowish durable wood of this tree
4. (Plants) any of several similar trees, such as the honey locust and carob
[C13 (the insect): from Latin locusta locust; applied to the tree (C17) because the pods resemble locusts]
ˈlocust-ˌlike adj

lo•cust

(ˈloʊ kəst)

n.
1. Also called short-horned grasshopper. any of several grasshoppers of the family Acrididae, having short antennae and commonly migrating in swarms that strip the vegetation from large areas.
2. any of various cicadas, as the seventeen-year locust.
3. any North American tree of the genus Robinia, of the legume family, esp. R. pseudoacacia, having pinnate leaves and clusters of fragrant white flowers.
4. the durable wood of this tree.
5. any of various other trees, as the carob and the honey locust.
[1150–1200; Middle English < Latin locusta grasshopper]
lo′cust•like`, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.locust - migratory grasshoppers of warm regions having short antennaelocust - migratory grasshoppers of warm regions having short antennae
acridid, short-horned grasshopper - grasshopper with short antennae
Locusta migratoria, migratory locust - Old World locust that travels in vast swarms stripping large areas of vegetation
migratory grasshopper - serious pest of grain-growing and range areas of central and western United States
2.locust - hardwood from any of various locust trees
locust tree, locust - any of various hardwood trees of the family Leguminosae
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
3.locust - any of various hardwood trees of the family Leguminosaelocust - any of various hardwood trees of the family Leguminosae
Fabaceae, family Fabaceae, family Leguminosae, legume family, Leguminosae, pea family - a large family of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs bearing bean pods; divided for convenience into the subfamilies Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae
courbaril, Hymenaea courbaril - West Indian locust tree having pinnate leaves and panicles of large white or purplish flowers; yields very hard tough wood
locust - hardwood from any of various locust trees
Gleditsia aquatica, swamp locust, water locust - honey locust of swamps and bottomlands of southern United States having short oval pods; yields dark heavy wood
Gleditsia triacanthos, honey locust - tall usually spiny North American tree having small greenish-white flowers in drooping racemes followed by long twisting seed pods; yields very hard durable reddish-brown wood; introduced to temperate Old World
Robinia pseudoacacia, yellow locust, black locust - large thorny tree of eastern and central United States having pinnately compound leaves and drooping racemes of white flowers; widely naturalized in many varieties in temperate regions
clammy locust, Robinia viscosa - small rough-barked locust of southeastern United States having racemes of pink flowers and glutinous branches and seeds
tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
Translations
جَرادَه، جَراد
kobylka
græshoppevandregræshoppe
kulkusirkka
sáska
engispretta
skėrys
sisenis
sprinkhaantreksprinkhaan
lăcustă
kobilica
gräshoppa
сарана

locust

[ˈləʊkəst]
A. N
1. (Zool) → langosta f
2. (Bot) → algarroba f
B. CPD locust tree N (= false acacia) → acacia f falsa; (= carob) → algarrobo m

locust

[ˈləʊkəst] nlocuste f, sauterelle f

locust

nHeuschrecke f

locust

[ˈləʊkəst] nlocusta, cavalletta

locust

(ˈləukəst) noun
a type of large insect of the grasshopper family, found in Africa and Asia, which moves in very large groups and destroys growing crops by eating them.
References in classic literature ?
The front yard was enclosed by a thorny locust hedge, and at the gate grew two silvery, mothlike trees of the mimosa family.
The elm, however, made a pleasant, cheerful, sunny sigh, responsive to the breeze that was elsewhere imperceptible; a swarm of insects buzzed merrily under its drooping shadow, and became specks of light whenever they darted into the sunshine; a locust sang, once or twice, in some inscrutable seclusion of the tree; and a solitary little bird, with plumage of pale gold, came and hovered about Alice's Posies.
It stands on a knoll, surrounded by locust, trees and lofty elms, from among which its decent, whitewashed walls shine modestly forth, like Christian purity beaming through the shades of retirement.
All along the streets, on both sides, at the outer edge of the brick sidewalks, stood locust trees with trunks protected by wooden boxing, and these furnished shade for summer and a sweet fragrancer in spring, when the clusters of buds came forth.
It was idle, however, to imagine that an airy guest from Monument Mountain, Bald Summit, and old Graylock, shaggy with primeval forests, could see anything to admire in my poor little hillside, with its growth of frail and insect-eaten locust trees.
two or three stories,) wide, neat, and free from any quaintness of architectural ornamentation; locust trees bordering the sidewalks (they call them acacias;) a stirring, business-look about the streets and the stores; fast walkers; a familiar new look about the houses and every thing; yea, and a driving and smothering cloud of dust that was so like a message from our own dear native land that we could hardly refrain from shedding a few grateful tears and execrations in the old time-honored American way.
I am reconciled to the loss of the years that the locust has eaten," said her companion, with a world of meaning in those wonderful eyes of his.
He had caught a goodly number, when he saw a Scorpion, and mistaking him for a locust, reached out his hand to take him.
Ben said he could see locust and wild honey sticking to it.
Nor can any lover of nature enter the old piles of Oxford and the English cathedrals, without feeling that the forest overpowered the mind of the builder, and that his chisel, his saw and plane still reproduced its ferns, its spikes of flowers, its locust, elm, oak, pine, fir and spruce.
His voice is sweeter than honey from the locust, and goes into the ear thrilling like the song of a wren.
I have often seen the locusts strip the leaves from the trees, but the season of blossoms has always come again.