lower


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Related to lower: Loewe, Lower back pain, Lower abdominal pain

low·er 1

 (lou′ər, lour) also lour (lour)
intr.v. low·ered, low·er·ing, low·ers also loured or lour·ing or lours
1. To look angry, sullen, or threatening. See Synonyms at frown.
2. To appear dark or stormy, as the sky.
n.
1. A threatening, sullen, or angry look.
2. A dark or stormy appearance: the lower of thunderheads.

[Middle English louren.]

low′er·ing·ly adv.

low·er 2

 (lō′ər)
adj. Comparative of low 2
1. Below another in rank, position, or authority.
2. Physically situated below a similar or comparable thing: a lower shelf.
3. Lower Geology & Archaeology Relating to or being an earlier or older division of the period named.
4. Biology Less complex in organization or having traits similar to those of organisms that evolved earlier in the history of life on Earth.
5. Denoting the larger and usually more representative house of a bicameral legislature.
v. low·ered, low·er·ing, low·ers
v.tr.
1. To let, bring, or move down to a lower level.
2. To reduce in value, degree, or quality.
3. To weaken; undermine: lower one's energy.
4. To reduce in standing or respect.
v.intr.
1. To move down: Her hand lowered.
2. To become less; diminish: The temperature has lowered gradually this month.

lower

(ˈləʊə)
adj
1. being below one or more other things: the lower shelf; the lower animals.
2. reduced in amount or value: a lower price.
3. (Mathematics) maths (of a limit or bound) less than or equal to one or more numbers or variables
4. (Geological Science) (sometimes capital) geology denoting the early part or division of a period, system, formation, etc: Lower Silurian.
vb
5. (tr) to cause to become low or on a lower level; bring, put, or cause to move down
6. (tr) to reduce or bring down in estimation, dignity, value, etc: to lower oneself.
7. to reduce or be reduced: to lower one's confidence.
8. (tr) to make quieter: to lower the radio.
9. (tr) to reduce the pitch of
10. (Phonetics & Phonology) (tr) phonetics to modify the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue further away from the roof of the mouth
11. (intr) to diminish or become less
[C12 (comparative of low1); C17 (vb)]
ˈlowerable adj

lower

(ˈlaʊə) or

lour

vb (intr)
1. (esp of the sky, weather, etc) to be overcast, dark, and menacing
2. to scowl or frown
n
a menacing scowl or appearance
ˈlowering, ˈlouring adj
ˈloweringly, ˈlouringly adv

low•er1

(ˈloʊ ər)
v.t.
1. to cause to descend; let or put down: to lower a flag.
2. to make lower in height or level: to lower the water in a canal.
3. to reduce in amount, price, degree, or force.
4. to make less loud or lower in pitch.
5. to bring down in rank or estimation.
6. to alter the articulation of (a vowel) by increasing the distance of the tongue downward from the palate.
v.i.
7. to become lower, grow less, or diminish.
8. to descend; sink: the sun lowering in the west.
adj.
9. comparative of low 1.
10. of or pertaining to the parts of a river farthest from the source.
11. (often cap.) of or pertaining to an early division of a geologic period, system, or the like: the Lower Devonian.
n.
12. Usu., lowers. a denture for the lower jaw.
13. a lower berth.
[1150–1200; Middle English, comp. of low1 (adj.)]

low•er2

(ˈlaʊ ər, laʊər)
v.i.
1. to be dark and threatening.
2. to scowl; glower.
3. a frown; scowl.
[1250–1300]

lower


Past participle: lowered
Gerund: lowering

Imperative
lower
lower
Present
I lower
you lower
he/she/it lowers
we lower
you lower
they lower
Preterite
I lowered
you lowered
he/she/it lowered
we lowered
you lowered
they lowered
Present Continuous
I am lowering
you are lowering
he/she/it is lowering
we are lowering
you are lowering
they are lowering
Present Perfect
I have lowered
you have lowered
he/she/it has lowered
we have lowered
you have lowered
they have lowered
Past Continuous
I was lowering
you were lowering
he/she/it was lowering
we were lowering
you were lowering
they were lowering
Past Perfect
I had lowered
you had lowered
he/she/it had lowered
we had lowered
you had lowered
they had lowered
Future
I will lower
you will lower
he/she/it will lower
we will lower
you will lower
they will lower
Future Perfect
I will have lowered
you will have lowered
he/she/it will have lowered
we will have lowered
you will have lowered
they will have lowered
Future Continuous
I will be lowering
you will be lowering
he/she/it will be lowering
we will be lowering
you will be lowering
they will be lowering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been lowering
you have been lowering
he/she/it has been lowering
we have been lowering
you have been lowering
they have been lowering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been lowering
you will have been lowering
he/she/it will have been lowering
we will have been lowering
you will have been lowering
they will have been lowering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been lowering
you had been lowering
he/she/it had been lowering
we had been lowering
you had been lowering
they had been lowering
Conditional
I would lower
you would lower
he/she/it would lower
we would lower
you would lower
they would lower
Past Conditional
I would have lowered
you would have lowered
he/she/it would have lowered
we would have lowered
you would have lowered
they would have lowered

lower


Past participle: lowered
Gerund: lowering

Imperative
lower
lower
Present
I lower
you lower
he/she/it lowers
we lower
you lower
they lower
Preterite
I lowered
you lowered
he/she/it lowered
we lowered
you lowered
they lowered
Present Continuous
I am lowering
you are lowering
he/she/it is lowering
we are lowering
you are lowering
they are lowering
Present Perfect
I have lowered
you have lowered
he/she/it has lowered
we have lowered
you have lowered
they have lowered
Past Continuous
I was lowering
you were lowering
he/she/it was lowering
we were lowering
you were lowering
they were lowering
Past Perfect
I had lowered
you had lowered
he/she/it had lowered
we had lowered
you had lowered
they had lowered
Future
I will lower
you will lower
he/she/it will lower
we will lower
you will lower
they will lower
Future Perfect
I will have lowered
you will have lowered
he/she/it will have lowered
we will have lowered
you will have lowered
they will have lowered
Future Continuous
I will be lowering
you will be lowering
he/she/it will be lowering
we will be lowering
you will be lowering
they will be lowering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been lowering
you have been lowering
he/she/it has been lowering
we have been lowering
you have been lowering
they have been lowering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been lowering
you will have been lowering
he/she/it will have been lowering
we will have been lowering
you will have been lowering
they will have been lowering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been lowering
you had been lowering
he/she/it had been lowering
we had been lowering
you had been lowering
they had been lowering
Conditional
I would lower
you would lower
he/she/it would lower
we would lower
you would lower
they would lower
Past Conditional
I would have lowered
you would have lowered
he/she/it would have lowered
we would have lowered
you would have lowered
they would have lowered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lower - the lower of two berths
built in bed, bunk, berth - a bed on a ship or train; usually in tiers
Verb1.lower - move something or somebody to a lower position; "take down the vase from the shelf"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
reef - lower and bring partially inboard; "reef the sailboat's mast"
depress - lower (prices or markets); "The glut of oil depressed gas prices"
dip - lower briefly; "She dipped her knee"
incline - lower or bend (the head or upper body), as in a nod or bow; "She inclined her head to the student"
lift, raise, elevate, get up, bring up - raise from a lower to a higher position; "Raise your hands"; "Lift a load"
2.lower - set lower; "lower a rating"; "lower expectations"
devalue - lower the value or quality of; "The tear devalues the painting"
derate - lower the rated electrical capability of electrical apparatus
subordinate, subdue - make subordinate, dependent, or subservient; "Our wishes have to be subordinated to that of our ruler"
3.lower - make lower or quieterlower - make lower or quieter; "turn down the volume of a radio"
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
4.lower - cause to drop or sink; "The lack of rain had depressed the water level in the reservoir"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
5.lower - look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval
scowl - frown with displeasure
grimace, make a face, pull a face - contort the face to indicate a certain mental or emotional state; "He grimaced when he saw the amount of homework he had to do"

lower

adjective
1. subordinate, under, smaller, junior, minor, secondary, lesser, low-level, inferior, second-class the lower ranks of council officers
2. reduced, cut, diminished, decreased, lessened, curtailed, pared down You may get it at a slightly lower price.
reduced higher, increased, enlarged
verb
1. drop, sink, depress, let down, submerge, take down, let fall, make lower They lowered the coffin into the grave.
drop raise, lift, elevate, hoist
2. lessen, cut, reduce, moderate, diminish, slash, decrease, prune, minimize, curtail, abate a drug which lowers cholesterol levels
lessen increase, raise, extend, boost, enlarge, inflate, magnify, amplify, augment
3. demean, humble, disgrace, humiliate, degrade, devalue, downgrade, belittle, condescend, debase, deign, abase Don't lower yourself. Don't be the way they are.
4. quieten, soften, hush, tone down He moved closer, lowering his voice.

lower 1

also lour
verb
1. To wrinkle one's brow, as in thought, puzzlement, or displeasure:
Idiom: look black.
2. To stare fixedly and angrily:
3. To be imminent:
noun
1. The act of wrinkling the brow, as in thought, puzzlement, or displeasure:
2. A fixed angry stare:

lower 2

adjective
Below another in standing or importance:
Informal: smalltime.
verb
1. To cause to descend:
2. To decrease, as in length or amount, by or as if by severing or excising:
3. To become or make less in price or value:
4. To bring oneself down to a lower level of behavior:
Translations
أَدْنَىيُخْفِضيُذِل، يَحُط من قَدْريُنَزِّلُ
snížitnižšísklopitztišitdolní
sænkeblive mørkdæmpelavere
laskeamatalampimadaltaaalentaaalentua
donjispustiti
lækkaláta síga, draga niîurvera òungbúinn
より低い下げる
낮추다아래쪽의
apmākties
spodnjispustitiznižati
lägresänka ner
ที่ต่ำกว่าลดต่ำลง
indirmekkararmakalçaltmakdaha aşağı
hạ thấpthấp hơn

lower

1 [ˈləʊəʳ]
A. ADJ
see also low
1. (= bottom) [part, section, floors, windows] → de abajo, inferior; [slopes] → inferior, bajo
the lower of the twoel de más abajo de los dos
the lower bunkla litera de abajo
the lower left cornerla esquina inferior izquierda
the lower half/part ofla mitad/parte inferior de, la mitad/parte de abajo de
2. (= less important) [level, rank, caste] → inferior
the lower chamber (Parl) → la cámara baja
the lower court (Jur) → los tribunales inferiores
the lower middle class(es)la clase media baja
a lower middle-class familyuna familia de clase media baja
soldiers in the lower rankssoldados mpl de menor rango or de rango inferior
the lower schoolel segundo ciclo
3. (Anat) → inferior
the lower abdomen/backla parte inferior del abdomen/de la espalda
she suffered severe cuts on her lower legsufrió cortes de gravedad en la parte inferior de la pierna
the lower limbslos miembros inferiores
4. (Zool) → inferior
5. (Geog) (in names) Lower Egyptel Bajo Egipto
the Lower Rhineel Bajo Rin
lower Manhattanel sur de Manhattan
see also reach C2
B. VT (gen) → bajar; [+ boat] → echar al agua; [+ flag, sail] → arriar; (= reduce) [+ price] → bajar, rebajar
to lower o.s (fig) → rebajarse
I wouldn't lower myself to do such a thingno me rebajaría a hacer algo así
to lower one's guardbajar la guardia
to lower one's headlights (US) → poner las luces de cruce
to lower one's voicebajar la voz
C. VIbajar
D. CPD lower case N (Typ) → minúsculas fpl
in lower caseen minúsculas
see also lower-case lower class N the lower class or classesla clase baja
see also lower-class lower deck N [of bus] → piso m de abajo (Naut) (= part of ship) → cubierta f inferior
the lower deck (= personnel) → los marineros
the Lower House N (Parl) → la Cámara Baja
lower vertebrates NPLvertebrados mpl inferiores

lower

2 [ˈlaʊəʳ] VI [person] → fruncir el entrecejo, fruncir el ceño; [sky] → encapotarse

lower

[ˈləʊər]
adj
[floor] → inférieur(e)
on the lower floor → a l'étage inférieur
(in hierarchy) [level, rank] → inférieur(e)
a lower court → une instance inférieure
see also low
vt
[+ rate, level, price, cost] → baisser
This drug lowers cholesterol levels → Ce médicament fait baisser le taux de cholestérol.
[voice, eyes, head] → baisser
(= move down) to lower sth into sth → descendre qch dans qch
to lower sth to the floor → poser qch au sol
to lower sth onto sth → poser qch sur qch
to lower o.s. onto a bed → se coucher avec précaution sur un lit
She lowered herself into a chair
(= make less loud) [+ volume] → baisser
to lower one's voice → baisser la voix
(= make less hot) [+ temperature] (of oven, heating etc)baisser
[+ resistance] → diminuer; [+ cholesterol, blood pressure] → faire baisser
vi [ˈlaʊər]
[person] to lower at sb → jeter un regard mauvais or noir à qn
[sky, clouds] → être menaçantlower back n
the lower back → le bas du doslower case lower-case n [letters] → bas m de casselower class n
the lower class → la classe populaire, les classes fpl populaires
the lower classes → les classes fpl populaireslower-class lower class [ˌləʊərˈklɑːs] adj
a lower-class family → une famille populaire
to be lower class [person] → faire partie de la classe populaire; [pastime] → être populairelower deck n
[bus] → étage m inférieur
[ship] → pont m inférieurLower House n
the Lower House → la Chambre basselower-income [ˌləʊərˈɪnkʌm] adj [group, family] → économiquement faiblelower jaw nmâchoire f inférieurelower lip nlèvre f inférieurelower middle class nclasse f moyennelower sixth n (British)classe f première
He's in the lower sixth → Il est en première.lowest common denominator n
(MATHEMATICS)plus petit dénominateur m communlow-fat [ˌləʊˈfæt] adj [diet] → pauvre en matières grasses; [milk, cheese] → allégé(e)
a low-fat yoghurt → un yaourt allégélow-flying [ˌləʊˈflaɪɪŋ] adj [aircraft] → volant à basse altitudelow-grade [ˈləʊgreɪd] adjde qualité inférieurelow heels npl (= shoes) → chaussures fpl à petits talonslow-key [ˌləʊˈkiː] adj (= small-scale) → discret/ète

lower

:
Lower Austria
lower case
nKleinbuchstaben pl, → Gemeine pl (spec) adjklein, gemein (spec)
lower-case
adj pred
Klein-, in Kleinbuchstaben; lower letterKleinbuchstabe m
adjklein, gemein (spec)
Lower Chamber
nUnterhaus nt, → zweite Kammer
lower-class
adjder Unterschicht; habit, vocabularyder unteren or niederen Schichten; lower peopleLeute plder Unterschicht or unteren Schicht(en); lower familyUnterschichtfamilie f; a lower neighbourhood (Brit) or neighborhood (US) → eine sozial schwache Gegend
lower court
Lower Egypt
nUnterägypten nt
lower-income
adj peoplegering verdienend attr; householdmit niedrigem Einkommen; the lower groupdie Gruppe der Geringverdiener; in the lower bracketin der Steuerklasse für Niedrigeinkommen

lower

:
Lower Saxony
nNiedersachsen nt
lower sixth (form)
n (Brit Sch) vorletztes Schuljahr
lower world
nUnterwelt f, → Hölle f

lower

1
adj
(in height) → niedriger; part, half, limb, storey, latitudeuntere(r, s); notetiefer; (Geog) → Nieder-; the Lower Rhineder Niederrhein; lower leg/armUnterschenkel m/-arm m; lower abdomenUnterleib m; the lower backdas Kreuz; lower jaw/lipUnterkiefer m/-lippe f; the lower reaches of the riverder Unterlauf des Flusses; the lower parts of the hilldie tiefer gelegenen Teile des Berges; the lower of the two holesdas untere der beiden Löcher; hemlines are lower this yeardie Röcke sind dieses Jahr länger; the lower deck (of bus) → das untere Deck; (of ship) → das Unterdeck
(in hierarchy) rank, levelniedere(r, s); (Zool) animalsniedere(r, s); the lower classes (Sociol) → die unteren Schichten; a lower middle-class familyeine Familie aus der unteren Mittelschicht; the lower schooldie unteren Klassen, die Unter- und Mittelstufe ? lower sixth (form)
advtiefer, leiser; lower down the mountainweiter unten am Berg; lower down the listweiter unten auf der Liste
vt
(= let down) boat, injured man, loadherunterlassen; eyes, gunsenken; mastumlegen; sail, flageinholen; bicycle saddleniedriger machen; to lower oneselfsich herunterlassen; he lowered himself into an armchairer ließ sich in einen Sessel nieder; “lower the lifeboats!”Rettungsboote aussetzen!“; “lower away!”holt ein!“
(= reduce) pressure, riskverringern; price, interest rates, cost, tone, temperaturesenken; morale, resistanceschwächen; standardherabsetzen; lower your voicesprich leiser; that is no excuse for lowering the standards of servicedas ist keine Entschuldigung dafür, den Service zu verschlechtern; to lower oneselfsich hinunterlassen; (socially) → sich unter sein Niveau begeben; to lower oneself to do somethingsich herablassen, etw zu tun
visinken, fallen

lower

1 [ˈləʊəʳ]
1. adj (low (comp of))
2. adv (low (comp of))
3. vt (gen) → calare; (flag, sail) → ammainare; (reduce, price) → abbassare, ridurre; (resistance) → indebolire
to lower sb's morale → demoralizzare qn
to lower one's guard (Boxing) (also) (fig) → abbassare la guardia
to lower one's voice → abbassare la voce
to lower o.s. to do sth (fig) → abbassarsi a fare qc

lower

2 [ˈlauəʳ] vi (person) to lower (at sb)dare un'occhiataccia (a qn); (sky) → oscurarsi, essere minaccioso/a

lower1,

lour

(ˈlauə) verb
(of the sky etc) to become dark or threatening.
ˈlowering adjective
lowerlow

lower

أَدْنَى, يُنَزِّلُ nižší, snížit lavere, sænke niedriger, senken χαμηλότερος, χαμηλώνω bajar, inferior laskea, matalampi abaisser, plus bas donji, spustiti abbassare, inferiore より低い, 下げる 낮추다, 아래쪽의 laten zakken, onder- lavere, senke niższy, obniżyć abaixar, mais baixo нижний, спускать(ся) lägre, sänka ner ที่ต่ำกว่า, ลดต่ำลง daha aşağı, indirmek hạ thấp, thấp hơn 下级的, 降低

lower

a. comp. of low, inferior; bajo-a;
v. bajar, poner más bajo; [in quantity, price] reducir, disminuir;
___ esophageal sphincteresfínter esofágico ___;
___ extremityextremidad ___;
to ___ the arm___ el brazo;
jawmandíbula.

lower

(comp de low) adj más bajo; (anat) inferior (form), bajo, de abajo; — than más bajo que; (a number) inferior a, por debajo de; lower than before..más bajo que antes…lower than 140..inferior a 140..por debajo de 140; the — part la parte baja or de abajo; vt bajar; You need to lower your cholesterol..Ud. necesita bajar el colesterol… Lower your arm..Baje el brazo.
References in classic literature ?
All quiet, curtains down at the lower windows, servants out of sight, and nothing human visible but a curly black head leaning on a thin hand at the upper window.
It was very pleasant to stay there under the orange trees, while the sun dipped lower and lower, turning the western sky to flaming copper and gold.
Clouded cotton stockings, and shoes, on one of the latter of which was a plated spur, completed the costume of the lower extremity of this figure, no curve or angle of which was concealed, but, on the other hand, studiously exhibited, through the vanity or simplicity of its owner.
The many lattices, with their small, diamond-shaped panes, admitted the sunlight into hall and chamber, while, nevertheless, the second story, projecting far over the base, and itself retiring beneath the third, threw a shadowy and thoughtful gloom into the lower rooms.
According to the vulgar idea, the fire in his laboratory had been brought from the lower regions, and was fed with infernal fuel; and so, as might be expected, his visage was getting sooty with the smoke.
Looking down it from the top I once recognized the presence of a woman seated on one of the lower steps with her back presented to me, her body half-bowed and her head, in an attitude of woe, in her hands.
The right one suddenly presented itself to me as the lower one-- though high above the gardens--in the solid corner of the house that I have spoken of as the old tower.
Nothing was done, and nothing seemed capable of being done; those on deck rushed towards the bows, and stood eyeing the boom as if it were the lower jaw of an exasperated whale.
We found that bran seems to lower the risk of heart disease more strongly than whole grains," says researcher Eric Rimm the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston.
LaBranche's commitment to keep more than 500 jobs downtown for at least the next decade is the latest example of the financial industry's confidence in the future of Lower Manhattan," said Doctoroff.
If they indicated they were lower on camper weeks compared to last year, 56 percent were lower by 1 percent-7 percent (see Map 2).
Also, the distribution of stresses seems to be more even in lower aspect ratio tires.