extremity

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ex·trem·i·ty

 (ĭk-strĕm′ĭ-tē)
n. pl. ex·trem·i·ties
1. The outermost or farthest point or portion: at the extremity of the peninsula.
2. The greatest or utmost degree: the extremity of despair.
3. Grave danger, necessity, or distress: people in extremity.
4. An extreme or severe measure: had to resort to extremities in the crisis.
5.
a. A bodily limb: She is in a wheelchair because of weakness of the lower extremities.
b. extremities The hands and feet: Frostbite affects the extremities first.

extremity

(ɪkˈstrɛmɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. the farthest or outermost point or section; termination
2. the greatest or most intense degree
3. an extreme condition or state, as of adversity or disease
4. (Anatomy) a limb, such as a leg, arm, or wing, or the part of such a limb farthest from the trunk
5. (usually plural) archaic a drastic or severe measure

ex•trem•i•ty

(ɪkˈstrɛm ɪ ti)

n., pl. -ties.
1. the extreme or terminal point, limit, or part of something.
2. a limb of the body.
3. Usu., extremities. the end part of a limb, as a hand or foot.
4. Often, extremities. a condition of extreme need or danger.
5. an utmost degree: the extremity of joy.
6. a drastic measure or effort: to go to any extremity to succeed.
7. extreme character: the extremity of his views.
8. a person's last moment before death.
[1325–75; Middle English < Latin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.extremity - an external body part that projects from the bodyextremity - an external body part that projects from the body; "it is important to keep the extremities warm"
chelicera - either of the first pair of fang-like appendages near the mouth of an arachnid; often modified for grasping and piercing
mouthpart - any part of the mouth of an insect or other arthropod especially one adapted to a specific way of feeding
fang - an appendage of insects that is capable of injecting venom; usually evolved from the legs
chela, nipper, pincer, claw - a grasping structure on the limb of a crustacean or other arthropods
parapodium - one of a pair of fleshy appendages of a polychete annelid that functions in locomotion and breathing
fin - organ of locomotion and balance in fishes and some other aquatic animals
pleopod, swimmeret - one of the paired abdominal appendages of certain aquatic crustaceans that function primarily for carrying the eggs in females and are usually adapted for swimming
external body part - any body part visible externally
limb - one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper
dactyl, digit - a finger or toe in human beings or corresponding body part in other vertebrates
2.extremity - an extreme condition or state (especially of adversity or disease)
adversity, hard knocks, hardship - a state of misfortune or affliction; "debt-ridden farmers struggling with adversity"; "a life of hardship"
bitter end - the final extremity (however unpleasant it may be); "he was determined to fight to the bitter end"
3.extremity - the greatest or utmost degree; "the extremity of despair"
ultimacy, ultimateness - the state or degree of being ultimate; the final or most extreme in degree or size or time or distance, "the ultimacy of these social values"
4.extremity - the outermost or farthest region or point
boundary, bounds, bound - the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
end, terminal - either extremity of something that has length; "the end of the pier"; "she knotted the end of the thread"; "they rode to the end of the line"; "the terminals of the anterior arches of the fornix"
extreme point, extremum, extreme - the point located farthest from the middle of something
limit - as far as something can go
region, part - the extended spatial location of something; "the farming regions of France"; "religions in all parts of the world"; "regions of outer space"
5.extremity - that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso
external body part - any body part visible externally
limb - one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper
pedal extremity, vertebrate foot - the extremity of the limb in vertebrates
hand, manus, mitt, paw - the (prehensile) extremity of the superior limb; "he had the hands of a surgeon"; "he extended his mitt"
finger - any of the terminal members of the hand (sometimes excepting the thumb); "her fingers were long and thin"
toe - one of the digits of the foot

extremity

noun
2. depth, height, excess, climax, consummation, acuteness his lack of restraint in the extremity of his grief
3. crisis, trouble, emergency, disaster, setback, pinch, plight, hardship, adversity, dire straits, exigency, extreme suffering Even in extremity, she never lost her sense of humour.
plural noun
1. hands and feet, limbs, fingers and toes Rheumatoid arthritis affects the extremities and limbs.

extremity

noun
A highly volatile dangerous situation requiring immediate remedial action:
Translations
أطراف الجِسِمدرجَه قُصْوىضيق، شَدَّهطَرَف
končetina
elendighedfødderhænderlemyderlighed
szélsőségvégletvégtag
hámark, hæsta stigneyî, hörmungarútlimirystu mörk
najvyššia miera
extremitet
aşırı dereceel ve ayaklartehlikeli durum

extremity

[ɪksˈtremɪtɪ] N
1. (= end) (usu pl) → extremo m, punta f
2. (fig) [of despair etc] → extremo m
in his extremity, he went to her for helpante la necesidad, acudió a ella en busca de ayuda
3. extremities (Anat) → extremidades fpl

extremity

[ɪkˈstrɛmɪti]
n
(= furthest part) → extrémité f
(= severity) [climate, situation] → dureté f extremities
npl (= hands and feet) → extrémités fpl

extremity

n
(= furthest point)äußerstes Ende; at the northerly extremity of the continentam nördlichsten Zipfel des Kontinents
extremities pl (= hands and feet)Extremitäten pl
(= extreme degree) in the extremity of his despairin tiefster or äußerster Verzweiflung
(= state of need, distress)Not f; he was reduced to the extremity of having to sell his businesser musste zum äußersten Mittel schreiten und sein Geschäft verkaufen
(= extreme actions) to resort to extremitieszu äußersten or extremen Mitteln greifen; to drive somebody to extremitiesjdn zum Äußersten treiben

extremity

[ɪksˈtrɛmɪtɪ] n (gen) → estremità f inv (fig) (of despair) → culmine

extreme

(ikˈstriːm) adjective
1. very great, especially much more than usual. extreme pleasure; He is in extreme pain.
2. very far or furthest in any direction, especially out from the centre. the extreme south-western tip of England; Politically, he belongs to the extreme left.
3. very violent or strong; not ordinary or usual. He holds extreme views on education.
noun
1. something as far, or as different, as possible from something else. the extremes of sadness and joy.
2. the greatest degree of any state, especially if unpleasant. The extremes of heat in the desert make life uncomfortable.
exˈtremely adverb
very. extremely kind.
exˈtremism noun
the holding of views which are as far from being moderate as possible.
exˈtremist noun, adjective
exˈtremity (-ˈstre-) plural exˈtremities noun
1. the farthest point. The two poles represent the extremities of the earth's axis.
2. an extreme degree; the quality of being extreme. Their suffering reached such extremities that many died.
3. a situation of great danger or distress. They need help in this extremity.
4. the parts of the body furthest from the middle eg the hands and feet.
in the extreme
very. dangerous in the extreme.
to extremes
very far, especially further than is thought to be reasonable. She can never express an opinion without going to extremes.

ex·trem·i·ty

n. extremidad, parte terminal.

extremity

n (pl -ties) extremidad f
References in classic literature ?
Why, that this lake, the lower extremity of which is in two degrees and thirty minutes, must extend also two degrees and a half above the equator.
Clouded cotton stockings, and shoes, on one of the latter of which was a plated spur, completed the costume of the lower extremity of this figure, no curve or angle of which was concealed, but, on the other hand, studiously exhibited, through the vanity or simplicity of its owner.
Daylight was waning, a splendid sun, like a red steel buckler, was plunging the lower extremity of its disc beneath the blue line of the sea.
By this action, the highly elastic axis must be bent at the lower extremity, where it is naturally slightly curved; and I imagine it is by this elasticity alone that the zoophyte is enabled to rise again through the mud.
An opening had been gradually increasing at the lower extremity of the lake, and around the dark spot where the current of the river prevented the formation of ice during even the coldest weather; and the fresh southerly winds, that now breathed freely upon the valley, made an impression on the waters.
asked Natalie, as her lover made straight for a closed door at the lower extremity of the main cabin.
After pacing backward and forward slowly for some little time, he stopped at the lower extremity of the garden, and, leaning on the fen ce, looked down listlessly at the smooth flow of the river.
This review of the literature demonstrates risk factors prevalent in lower extremity amputation, and ways to prevent the progression of foot ulcers and reduce the need for lower extremity amputations.
The CDCs study is the first comprehensive study to examine trends in nontraumatic lower extremity amputation (NLEA) rates and characteristics associated with diabetes-related NLEAs in the U.
Patients 18 years and older with traumatic blunt or penetrating arterial injury to the extremities were included in the analysis, divided into upper extremity (UE) and lower extremity (LE) injury groups and then by mechanism of injury, blunt or penetrating.
They looked at 156 patients who were assigned to supervised treadmill exercise, lower extremity strength training or a control group.
Multiple case studies in the literature report injuries attributed to air bag deployment, (9-14) and several recent studies using larger patient cohorts have shown increased risk of upper and lower extremity injuries when air bags deploy.

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