lyra viol


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lyra viol

(ˈlɑɪərə)
n
(Instruments) a lutelike musical instrument popular in the 16th and 17th centuries: the forerunner of the mandolin
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Performers on the lute, cittern, bandora, and lyra viol used to playing from tablature might prefer versions of their parts in that format, although regular scoring is of course more accessible to scholars and non-specialists.
Dowland was right to take fright at the viol's potential: within a generation the lyra viol had largely superseded the lute as the gentleman's recreational instrument.
There are more important things to say about the lyra viol than that it may have had sympathetic strings (which is uncertain, to say the least); likewise, the possibility of women taking singing roles in court masques has (so far as I know) little to support it.
The lyra viol version "has been consulted but not collated here".
Interspersed among these viol consorts are groups of pieces for solo lyra viol by Lawes, played in masterly fashion by Richard Boothby.
This time they are lyra viol duets (from Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Mus.
In his introduction Tim Crawford suggests that the baryton developed from experiments in stringing by English instrument makers and players of the lyra viol.