lysis


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ly·sis

 (lī′sĭs)
n. pl. ly·ses (-sēz)
1. Biochemistry The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria, as by the action of a specific lysin that disrupts the cell membrane.
2. Medicine The gradual subsiding of the symptoms of an acute disease.

[New Latin, from Latin, a loosening, from Greek lusis, from lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

lysis

(ˈlaɪsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
1. (Biochemistry) the destruction or dissolution of cells by the action of a particular lysin
2. (Medicine) med the gradual reduction in severity of the symptoms of a disease
[C19: New Latin, from Greek, from luein to release]

ly•sis

(ˈlaɪ sɪs)

n.
1. the dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins.
2. the gradual recession of a disease. Compare crisis (def. 4).
[1815–25; < Greek lýsis a loosening <ly-, variant s. of ly(ein) to loosen]

-lysis

a combining form with the meanings “breakdown,” “decomposition” of or by means of the thing specified by the initial element: cytolysis; hydrolysis; photolysis.
[< Greek; see lysis]

ly·sis

(lī′sĭs)
The disintegration of a cell that results from destruction of the cell membrane by a specific substance, especially an antibody or toxin.

lysis

the decomposition of cells by antibodies called lysins.
See also: Decaying
the destruction of cells by the action of certain lysins. See also health. — lytic, adj.
See also: Cells
the gradual process of a disease, ending in the recovery of the patient. See also cells. — lyterian, lytic, adj.
See also: Health

lysis

The destruction of cells, for example those of bacteria by a bacteriophage.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lysis - recuperation in which the symptoms of an acute disease gradually subside
convalescence, recuperation, recovery - gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
2.lysis - (biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
autolysis, self-digestion - lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process
bacteriolysis - dissolution or destruction of bacteria
cytolysis - pathological breakdown of cells by the destruction of their outer membrane
dissolution, disintegration - separation into component parts
haematolysis, haemolysis, hematolysis, hemolysis - lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
karyolysis - disintegration and dissolution of a cell nucleus when a cell dies
necrolysis - disintegration and dissolution of dead tissue
osteolysis - lysis of bone caused by disease or infection or inadequate blood supply
radiolysis - molecular disintegration resulting from radiation
thrombolysis - the process of breaking up and dissolving blood clots
Translations

ly·sis

n. lisis.
1. proceso de destrucción o disolución de glóbulos rojos, bacterias o cualquier antígeno por medio de lisina;
2. desaparición gradual de los síntomas de una enfermedad.

lysis

n lisis f; — of adhesions lisis de adherencias
References in classic literature ?
He is the sophisticated youth on whom Socrates tries his cross-examining powers, just as in the Charmides, the Lysis, and the Euthydemus, ingenuous boyhood is made the subject of a similar experiment.
as in the Lysis, Charmides, Laches, to the transcendentalism of Plato, who, in the second stage of his philosophy, sought to find the nature of knowledge in a prior and future state of existence.
The problems of virtue and knowledge have been discussed in the Lysis, Laches, Charmides, and Protagoras; the puzzle about knowing and learning has already appeared in the Euthydemus.
When Socrates speaks, Lysis and Menexenus are afflicted by no shame that they do not speak.
This chemotherapy has serious adverse effects, such as choriocarcinoma syndrome (CS) and tumor lysis syndrome (TLS).
Selecta will work with 3SBio to advance pegsiticase-based therapeutics as potential treatments for refractory and tophaceous gout as well as tumor lysis syndrome, with the ultimate goal of expeditiously moving toward regulatory approvals.
LyseNow[R] Food Pathogen Listeria DNA Extraction Strip Cards feature proprietary lysis buffer impregnated filter paper discs that are assembled between two transparent PET layers and spaced out to align with one row of a 96 well plate format.
After 24 hours, cell viability was assessed by pulsing the cells for 2 hours with dimethyl thiazolyl diphenyl tetrazolium salt (MTT) (5 mg/mL in PBS) followed by solubilization of Formazan crystals in 100 [micro]L of lysis buffer containing 20% sodium dodecyl sulfate and 50% dimethylformamide.
Lysis is currently accomplished through application of pressure, heat, chemicals (1) (including chaotropic salts to be used later in purification), sonication, (2) and/or mechanical lysis (3) (for instance using zirconium (3) or silica (2) or ceramic (4-5) beads).
Speed: Optimized single enrichment step for key food matrices and straightforward sample lysis in less than 20 minutes.
coli and demonstrated that the partially purified protein had induced lysis of C.