lysis


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ly·sis

 (lī′sĭs)
n. pl. ly·ses (-sēz)
1. Biochemistry The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria, as by the action of a specific lysin that disrupts the cell membrane.
2. Medicine The gradual subsiding of the symptoms of an acute disease.

[New Latin, from Latin, a loosening, from Greek lusis, from lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

lysis

(ˈlaɪsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
1. (Biochemistry) the destruction or dissolution of cells by the action of a particular lysin
2. (Medicine) med the gradual reduction in severity of the symptoms of a disease
[C19: New Latin, from Greek, from luein to release]

ly•sis

(ˈlaɪ sɪs)

n.
1. the dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins.
2. the gradual recession of a disease. Compare crisis (def. 4).
[1815–25; < Greek lýsis a loosening <ly-, variant s. of ly(ein) to loosen]

-lysis

a combining form with the meanings “breakdown,” “decomposition” of or by means of the thing specified by the initial element: cytolysis; hydrolysis; photolysis.
[< Greek; see lysis]

ly·sis

(lī′sĭs)
The disintegration of a cell that results from destruction of the cell membrane by a specific substance, especially an antibody or toxin.

lysis

the decomposition of cells by antibodies called lysins.
See also: Decaying
the destruction of cells by the action of certain lysins. See also health. — lytic, adj.
See also: Cells
the gradual process of a disease, ending in the recovery of the patient. See also cells. — lyterian, lytic, adj.
See also: Health

lysis

The destruction of cells, for example those of bacteria by a bacteriophage.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lysis - recuperation in which the symptoms of an acute disease gradually subside
convalescence, recuperation, recovery - gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
2.lysis - (biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
autolysis, self-digestion - lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process
bacteriolysis - dissolution or destruction of bacteria
cytolysis - pathological breakdown of cells by the destruction of their outer membrane
dissolution, disintegration - separation into component parts
haematolysis, haemolysis, hematolysis, hemolysis - lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
karyolysis - disintegration and dissolution of a cell nucleus when a cell dies
necrolysis - disintegration and dissolution of dead tissue
osteolysis - lysis of bone caused by disease or infection or inadequate blood supply
radiolysis - molecular disintegration resulting from radiation
thrombolysis - the process of breaking up and dissolving blood clots
Translations

ly·sis

n. lisis.
1. proceso de destrucción o disolución de glóbulos rojos, bacterias o cualquier antígeno por medio de lisina;
2. desaparición gradual de los síntomas de una enfermedad.

lysis

n lisis f; — of adhesions lisis de adherencias
References in classic literature ?
He is the sophisticated youth on whom Socrates tries his cross-examining powers, just as in the Charmides, the Lysis, and the Euthydemus, ingenuous boyhood is made the subject of a similar experiment.
as in the Lysis, Charmides, Laches, to the transcendentalism of Plato, who, in the second stage of his philosophy, sought to find the nature of knowledge in a prior and future state of existence.
The problems of virtue and knowledge have been discussed in the Lysis, Laches, Charmides, and Protagoras; the puzzle about knowing and learning has already appeared in the Euthydemus.
When Socrates speaks, Lysis and Menexenus are afflicted by no shame that they do not speak.
After adjustment for known clinical characteristics and risk factors, the study found that the patients with the longest clot lysis time had a 40 per cent increased risk of recurrent myocardial infarction or death due to cardiovascular disease.
and Rockville, Maryland-based sample preparation and homogenization instrumentation provider Bertin have formed a collaboration that ensures the sample lysis step in the microbiome workflow is complete and unbiased, the company said.
d) Tumour lysis syndrome can be prevented with hydration and direct xanthine oxidase inhibitors
Coagulopathic bleeding can be due to the same factors that complicate bleeding in the intraoperative setting, for example, dilution of clotting factors, heparin rebound effect, and pathologic clot lysis.
In the pilot study for DNA extraction, maximum yield was obtained in boiling lysis step (Fig 3a).
LyseNow[R] Food Pathogen Listeria DNA Extraction Strip Cards feature proprietary lysis buffer impregnated filter paper discs that are assembled between two transparent PET layers and spaced out to align with one row of a 96 well plate format.