lysosome


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Related to lysosome: primary lysosome

ly·so·some

 (lī′sə-sōm′)
n.
A membrane-bound organelle in the cytoplasm of most cells containing various hydrolytic enzymes that function in intracellular digestion.

ly′so·so′mal adj.

lysosome

(ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm)
n
(Biochemistry) any of numerous small particles, containing digestive enzymes, that are present in the cytoplasm of most cells
ˌlysoˈsomal adj

ly•so•some

(ˈlaɪ səˌsoʊm)

n.
a cell organelle containing enzymes that break down proteins and other large molecules into smaller constituents and that disintegrate the cell itself after its death.
[1950–55]
ly`so•so′mal, adj.

ly·so·some

(lī′sə-sōm′)
A structure in the cytoplasm of many cells that is surrounded by a membrane and contains enzymes that digest food molecules. See more at cell.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lysosome - an organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells (especially in leukocytes and liver and kidney cells)
cell organ, cell organelle, organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
Translations
Lysosom
References in periodicals archive ?
De Duve shared his results indicating the presence of an undocumented organelle: the lysosome.
CHQ, however, decreases the density of hepatocyte lysosomes, although it has no effect on sinusoidal cell lysosome density.
Researchers found that arsenite causes rapid destabilization of the lysosome in cells, and that breaks the lysosome apart, releasing enzymes that destroy these particular kinds of leukemia cells.
Protein markers of the lysosome membrane have been detected on the surface of cells at sites of disruption, and rapid resealing has been shown to involve a [Ca.
Because of the extreme heat and acidity required during particle synthesis, there was the expected lack of digestion of the particles in the lysosome.
This article focuses on three major proteolytic systems known to be affected by alcohol consumption--the lysosome, the ubiquitin-proteasome system, and the calpains.
The vaccine is designed to ferry the papillomavirus to an internal organelle, called a lysosome, where the protein is broken into bits and sent to the cell surface for display.
Most involve genetic mutations causing loss of function of key catabolic enzymes residing in the lysosome that are involved in the degradation of macromolecules.
However, the currently approved enzyme-replacement therapy is limited to the lysosome for therapeutic activity.
Primary neurons were pretreated with the lysosome inhibitors CQ, BA, or NH4Cl and then exposed to hydrogen peroxide.
As these enzymes are found in a compartment of the cell called lysosome, hence the name given to these disorders is LSDs," he said.
During the process, nutrients are recycled by the lysosome, an internal organelle, to produce metabolites that can be used by the cell.