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Related to lysozyme: lysosome


An enzyme occurring naturally in egg white, human tears, saliva, and other body fluids, capable of destroying the cell walls of certain bacteria and thereby acting as a mild antiseptic.


(Biochemistry) an enzyme occurring in tears, certain body tissues, and egg white: destroys bacteria by hydrolysing polysaccharides in their cell walls
[C20: from lyso- + (en)zyme]


(ˈlaɪ səˌzaɪm)

an enzyme that is destructive of bacteria and functions as an antiseptic, found in tears, leukocytes, mucus, egg albumin, and certain plants.
[1920–25; lyso- + (en) zyme]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lysozyme - an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
enzyme - any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
References in periodicals archive ?
Lysozyme is a protein found in tissues and secretions of mammals and in the egg white of bird eggs.
Lysozyme is a kind of N-acetylmuramide-glycanohydrolase which is ubiquitous in plants, animals, and microorganisms.
Myeloid sarcomas are most often positive for myeloperoxidase and lysozyme.
The concentration of the defense enzyme, lysozyme, was significantly higher in mussels fed with MC-containing cyanobacteria compared with the control bivalves at day 14 and subsequently increased in a timeand dose-dependent manner.
One early example of biopharming was the production by the biotech company Ventria Bioscience of rice that contained two human proteins, lactoferrin and lysozyme.
0) with 10 mL lysozyme (10 mg/mL) before mixing with 1.
This led to him discovering the antibacterial enzyme lysozyme, which ultimately led to his discovery of the widely used antibiotic.
When considering the diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma, an appropriate panel of stains includes several immunohistochemical stains and special stains, specifically CD34, CD43, lysozyme, myeloperoxidase, CD68 (monocyte marker), CD163 (monocyte marker), and CD117 (3, 4, 6).
It is comprised of one or more enzymes selected from the group consisting of lysozyme, amylase, amylglucosidase, glucoxidase, serrapeptase, papain and lactoferrin.
When applied to the nanodiamond-embedded lenses, timolol is released when it comes into contact with lysozyme, an enzyme that is abundant in tears.
Among the topics are conformation-dependent antibodies as tools for characterizing amyloid protein aggregates, studying the molecular determinants of protein oligomerization in neurodegenerative disorders by bimolecular fluorence complimentation, possible function and toxicity of multiple oligomeric/conformational states of the globular protein human stefin B, structure-function studies of amyloid pores in Alzheimer's Disease as a case example of neurodegenerative diseases, and studying the structure and cytotoxicity of equine lysozyme complexes with oleic acid (ELOA) using bio-imaging techniques.