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Related to lysozyme: lysosome


An enzyme occurring naturally in egg white, human tears, saliva, and other body fluids, capable of destroying the cell walls of certain bacteria and thereby acting as a mild antiseptic.


(Biochemistry) an enzyme occurring in tears, certain body tissues, and egg white: destroys bacteria by hydrolysing polysaccharides in their cell walls
[C20: from lyso- + (en)zyme]


(ˈlaɪ səˌzaɪm)

an enzyme that is destructive of bacteria and functions as an antiseptic, found in tears, leukocytes, mucus, egg albumin, and certain plants.
[1920–25; lyso- + (en) zyme]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lysozyme - an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
enzyme - any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
References in periodicals archive ?
Targeted immobilisation of lysozyme in the enamel pellicle from different solutions.
Lysozyme protein has been selected as the target biomolecule in this research.
Fleming's best-known findings are the enzyme lysozyme - found in tears and many body secretions - and penicillin, perhaps the most significant medical revelation of all time.
The protein, called lysozyme, is also found in egg whites, saliva, and milk.
The high precision structure of lysozyme crystals has been known since 1965.
The impact of this discovery The high precision structure of lysozyme crystals has been known since 1965.
Bioactive components in camel milk comprise Lf, lactoperoxidase, lysozyme and insulin like protein (El-Agamy, 2009).
We also exposed recombinant human lysozyme (80 [micro]L, 1,000 [micro]g/mL, >10,000units/mg of protein) (Sigma-Aldrich) to 10 [micro]L of CFA (10, 100, or 1000 [micro]g/mL), CFA-EGTA (100 [micro]g/mL; 25 mM EGTA), or buffer.
These new zonulin ELISAs expand ALPCO's current gastrointestinal assay panel to investigate bile acids, calprotectin, alpha-1 antitrypsin, lysozyme, secretory IgA and pancreatic elastase.
Lysozyme is freely fltered by the glomerulus and reabsorbed by the proximal tubule cells, and at the high concentrations seen in lymphoma, lysozyme induces direct tubular damage (Luciano & Brewster, 2014).
Blood and serum sampling was carried out on 0th day, 14th day, 28th day and 42th day of feeding trials to determine NBT levels, myeloperoxidase activity, phagocytic activity and serum lysozyme activity, as compared to the control group.