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Related to macular dystrophy: macular corneal dystrophy


 (dĭs′trə-fē) also dys·tro·phi·a (dĭ-strō′fē-ə)
1. Any of various unrelated, noninfectious, often genetic disorders characterized by progressive deterioration or structural alteration of a body part.
2. A degenerative disorder caused by inadequate or defective nutrition. No longer in scientific use.
3. Ecology The condition of being dystrophic.


(ˈdɪstrəfɪ) or


1. (Pathology) any of various bodily disorders, characterized by wasting of tissues. See also muscular dystrophy
2. (Environmental Science) ecology a condition of lake water when it is too acidic and poor in oxygen to support life, resulting from excessive humus content
[C19: New Latin dystrophia, from dys- + Greek trophē food]
dystrophic adj


(ˈdɪs trə fi)

also dys•tro•phi•a

(dɪˈstroʊ fi ə)

1. faulty or inadequate nutrition or development.
2. any of a number of disorders characterized by weakening, degeneration, or abnormal development of muscle.
[1885–90; dys- + -trophy]

dystrophy, dystrophia

any of various diseases characterized by weakening or defective function of the process of nutrition, resulting in degeneration of the muscles. See also food and nutrition. — dystrophic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
poor or inadequate nutrition or growth. See also disease and illness.
See also: Food and Nutrition
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dystrophy - any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
Becker muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in in adolescence or adulthood and progresses slowly but will affect all voluntary muscles; characterized by generalized weakness and muscle wasting that affects limb and trunk muscles first; similar to Duchenne's muscular dystrophy but less severe; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)
distal muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in between 40 and 60 years of age and is characterized by weakness and wasting of the muscles of the hands and forearms and lower legs; inheritance is autosomal dominant
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, pseudohypertrophic dystrophy - the most common form of muscular dystrophy; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)
limb-girdle muscular dystrophy - an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy that appears anywhere from late childhood to middle age; characterized by progressive muscular weakness beginning either in the shoulder or pelvic girdle; usually progresses slowly with cardiopulmonary complications in the later stages
myotonia atrophica, myotonic dystrophy, myotonic muscular dystrophy, Steinert's disease - a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow; inheritance is autosomal dominant
oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that usually begins between early adulthood and middle age and first affects muscles of the eyelid and throat; progresses slowly with swallowing problems common as the disease progresses; inheritance is autosomal dominant
2.dystrophy - any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition
degenerative disorder - condition leading to progressive loss of function
osteodystrophy - defective bone development; usually attributable to renal disease or to disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism


nDystrophie f, → Ernährungsstörung f


, dystrophia
n. distrofia.
1. anomalía causada por desnutrición;
2. desarrollo defectuoso o de malformación.


n distrofia; reflex sympathetic — (ant) síndrome m de dolor regional complejo, distrofia simpática refleja (ant)
References in periodicals archive ?
Gwynfor is a keen rock climber who competed in the world championships after losing his central vision due to macular dystrophy.
At the age of nine or 101 was diagnosed with Stargardt macular dystrophy.
Occult macular dystrophy (OMD) is an inherited macular dystrophy characterized by progressive bilateral vision loss despite normal fundus appearance.
Guide Dogs representative Vicky has macular dystrophy, a rare genetic eye disorder that causes sight loss, and lost all useful vision four years ago.
the sponsor company of this clinical study, is planning to get approval from the Korean Ministry of Food and Drug Safety to carry out phase II clinical trials with Stargardt's macular dystrophy this year and to continue dose escalation with the age-related macular degeneration trial.
Lynn Lothian, 62, has macular dystrophy - an eye condition that has left her with poor vision.
They were diagnosed mostly with retinitis pigmentosa and macular dystrophy.
The retinal cells are being tested in humans as a possible treatment for two vision-robbing eye diseases, Stargardt's macular dystrophy and age-related macular degeneration.
In the two phase 1/2 studies, hESCs were differentiated into retinal pigment epithelium cells and transplanted into nine patients with Stargardt's macular dystrophy and nine patients with dry atrophic age-related macular degeneration, the leading causes of juvenile and adult blindness in the developed world, respectively.
It incorporates other entities, such as familial high density lipoprotein deficiency syndromes, Sanjad-Sakati syndrome/Kenny-Caffey syndrome type 1, Loeys-Dietz syndrome, immune recovery uveitis, ectrodactyl-ectodermal dysplasia, trichothiodystrophy, PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog) hamartoma tumor syndrome, Susac's syndrome, autosomal dominant occult macular dystrophy, Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, KEttner tumor, caliber persistent artery, solitary circumscribed retina astrocytic proliferation, progressive transformation of germinal centers, and others.
Gwynfor, from Llanberis, Snowdonia, has macular dystrophy and started to lose his sight when he was 40.
I've got macular dystrophy myself, so I may not be able to see my children, but as our job is curing blindness, I want to see what my grandchildren look like - how motivational is that.

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