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Related to macular dystrophy: macular corneal dystrophy


 (dĭs′trə-fē) also dys·tro·phi·a (dĭ-strō′fē-ə)
1. Any of various unrelated, noninfectious, often genetic disorders characterized by progressive deterioration or structural alteration of a body part.
2. A degenerative disorder caused by inadequate or defective nutrition. No longer in scientific use.
3. Ecology The condition of being dystrophic.


(ˈdɪstrəfɪ) or


1. (Pathology) any of various bodily disorders, characterized by wasting of tissues. See also muscular dystrophy
2. (Environmental Science) ecology a condition of lake water when it is too acidic and poor in oxygen to support life, resulting from excessive humus content
[C19: New Latin dystrophia, from dys- + Greek trophē food]
dystrophic adj


(ˈdɪs trə fi)

also dys•tro•phi•a

(dɪˈstroʊ fi ə)

1. faulty or inadequate nutrition or development.
2. any of a number of disorders characterized by weakening, degeneration, or abnormal development of muscle.
[1885–90; dys- + -trophy]

dystrophy, dystrophia

any of various diseases characterized by weakening or defective function of the process of nutrition, resulting in degeneration of the muscles. See also food and nutrition. — dystrophic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
poor or inadequate nutrition or growth. See also disease and illness.
See also: Food and Nutrition
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dystrophy - any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
Becker muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in in adolescence or adulthood and progresses slowly but will affect all voluntary muscles; characterized by generalized weakness and muscle wasting that affects limb and trunk muscles first; similar to Duchenne's muscular dystrophy but less severe; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)
distal muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in between 40 and 60 years of age and is characterized by weakness and wasting of the muscles of the hands and forearms and lower legs; inheritance is autosomal dominant
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, pseudohypertrophic dystrophy - the most common form of muscular dystrophy; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)
limb-girdle muscular dystrophy - an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy that appears anywhere from late childhood to middle age; characterized by progressive muscular weakness beginning either in the shoulder or pelvic girdle; usually progresses slowly with cardiopulmonary complications in the later stages
myotonia atrophica, myotonic dystrophy, myotonic muscular dystrophy, Steinert's disease - a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow; inheritance is autosomal dominant
oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy - a form of muscular dystrophy that usually begins between early adulthood and middle age and first affects muscles of the eyelid and throat; progresses slowly with swallowing problems common as the disease progresses; inheritance is autosomal dominant
2.dystrophy - any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition
degenerative disorder - condition leading to progressive loss of function
osteodystrophy - defective bone development; usually attributable to renal disease or to disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism


nDystrophie f, → Ernährungsstörung f


, dystrophia
n. distrofia.
1. anomalía causada por desnutrición;
2. desarrollo defectuoso o de malformación.


n distrofia; reflex sympathetic — (ant) síndrome m de dolor regional complejo, distrofia simpática refleja (ant)
References in periodicals archive ?
Guide Dogs representative Vicky has macular dystrophy, a rare genetic eye disorder that causes sight loss, and lost all useful vision four years ago.
Lynn Lothian, 62, has macular dystrophy - an eye condition that has left her with poor vision.
The discoveries are the first steps toward developing tests and treatments for Best's disease and North Carolina macular dystrophy, says Iowa's Stone.
The biotechnology company, which is developing medical therapies from human embryonic stem cells, said a fifth patient in the United States has received a cell transplant for treatment of Stargardt's macular dystrophy, a disorder that causes vision loss.
Stargardt's macular dystrophy (and fundus flavimaculatus, which is a variant of the same disorder) is an inherited disorder (almost always autosomal recessive) which presents in the first or second decade with visual impairment.
The retinal cells are being tested in humans as a possible treatment for two vision-robbing eye diseases, Stargardt's macular dystrophy and age-related macular degeneration.
In the two phase 1/2 studies, hESCs were differentiated into retinal pigment epithelium cells and transplanted into nine patients with Stargardt's macular dystrophy and nine patients with dry atrophic age-related macular degeneration, the leading causes of juvenile and adult blindness in the developed world, respectively.
Gwynfor, from Llanberis, Snowdonia, has macular dystrophy and started to lose his sight when he was 40.
I've got macular dystrophy myself, so I may not be able to see my children, but as our job is curing blindness, I want to see what my grandchildren look like - how motivational is that.
According to the Daily Star, the Lancashire resident, who found out he had an early form of macular dystrophy in 2003, has a handicap of 11 and can determine what obstacles he has in his way and where to hit his shots on the course by using a bright yellow ball and a range finder.
Among them was 30-year-old Nicola Spearman who, after noticing problems with the vision in her right eye, was diagnosed with Stargardt's macular dystrophy in January.
Another doctor concluded that the patient was suffering from BEST Syndrome, a hereditary form of progressive macular dystrophy -- an eye disorder which can cause vision loss.

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