magistrate


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mag·is·trate

 (măj′ĭ-strāt′, -strĭt)
n.
1. A judge or justice of a local or inferior court; a justice of the peace.
2. A judge in a court having jurisdiction over the trial of misdemeanors and preliminary hearings involving felonies.
3. A public official with the chief administrative power in a district or region.

[Middle English magistrat, from Old French, from Latin magistrātus, from magister, magistr-, master; see meg- in Indo-European roots.]

magistrate

(ˈmædʒɪˌstreɪt; -strɪt)
n
1. (Law) a public officer concerned with the administration of law.
2. (Law) another name for justice of the peace
3. (Law) NZ the former name for district court judge
[C17: from Latin magistrātus, from magister master]
ˈmagisˌtrateship n

mag•is•trate

(ˈmædʒ əˌstreɪt, -strɪt)

n.
1. a civil officer charged with the administration of the law.
2. a minor judicial officer, as a justice of the peace, having jurisdiction to try minor criminal cases and to conduct preliminary examinations of persons charged with serious crimes.
[1350–1400; < Latin magistrātus=magist(e)r master + -ātus -ate3]
mag`is•trat′i•cal (-ˈstræt ɪ kəl) adj.
mag`is•trat′i•cal•ly, adv.

magistrate

A public officer who has the power to administer the law.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.magistrate - a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses)
judge, jurist, justice - a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
justice of the peace - a local magistrate with limited powers
stipendiary, stipendiary magistrate - (United Kingdom) a paid magistrate (appointed by the Home Secretary) dealing with police cases

magistrate

noun judge, justice, provost (Scot.), bailie (Scot.), justice of the peace, J.P. The magistrate ordered them to pay £3000 compensation.
Related words
adjective magisterial

magistrate

noun
A public official who decides cases brought before a court of law in order to administer justice:
Translations
úředník se soudní pravomocí
byretsdommermagistrat
rauhantuomari
sudac nižeg suda
yfirvald; dómari
治安判事
행정관
magistratasteismo pareigūnas
miertiesnesis
úradník so súdnou právomocou
sodnik
fredsdomare
ผู้พิพากษา
sulh hakimisulh yargıcı
quan tòa

magistrate

[ˈmædʒɪstreɪt]
A. Nmagistrado/a m/f, juez mf
B. CPD magistrates' court N (in England) → juzgado m de primera instancia

magistrate

[ˈmædʒɪstreɪt] n (dealing with minor cases)juge mf d'instance magistrates' courtmagistrates' court n (British)tribunal m d'instance

magistrate

nFriedensrichter(in) m(f), → Schiedsmann m/-frau f

magistrate

[ˈmædʒɪˌstreɪt] nmagistrato

magistrate

(ˈmӕdʒistreit) noun
a person who has power to put the laws into force and sentence those guilty of lesser crimes.

magistrate

قَاضِيِ الْصُّلُحِ úředník se soudní pravomocí magistrat Verwaltungsbeamter κατώτερος δικαστικός magistrado rauhantuomari magistrat sudac nižeg suda magistrato 治安判事 행정관 magistraat forhørsdommer urzędnik mający władzę sędziowską magistrado мировой судья fredsdomare ผู้พิพากษา sulh hakimi quan tòa 地方法官
References in classic literature ?
Once he got drunk and was taken to a police station where a police magistrate frightened him horribly, and once he tried to have an affair with a woman of the town met on the sidewalk before his lodging house.
But the Puritan soldier and magistrate was not a man to be turned aside from his well-considered scheme, either by dread of the wizard's ghost, or by flimsy sentimentalities of any kind, however specious.
It might be,too, that a witch, like old Mistress Hibbins, the bitter-tempered widow of the magistrate, was to die upon the gallows.
In the sixth Christian century lived Procopius, a Christian magistrate of Constantinople, in the days when Justinian was Emperor and Belisarius general.
I will go to the very first magistrate, and expose you.
Ye may say, in general terms, it is the magistrate that fixes the wages.
As a magistrate, he had generally some point of law to consult John about, or, at least, some curious anecdote to give; and as a farmer, as keeping in hand the homefarm at Donwell, he had to tell what every field was to bear next year, and to give all such local information as could not fail of being interesting to a brother whose home it had equally been the longest part of his life, and whose attachments were strong.
Eshton, the magistrate of the district, is gentleman-like: his hair is quite white, his eyebrows and whiskers still dark, which gives him something of the appearance of a "pere noble de theatre.
To beard a magistrate in his stronghold, and on the Sabbath, too
Before this boy, who was reputed to be a great scholar, and was very good-looking, and at least half-a-dozen years my senior, I was carried as before a magistrate.
When I told Herbert what had passed within the house, he was for our immediately going before a magistrate in the town, late at night as it was, and getting out a warrant.
And which is the convenient end, seems, in my humble opinion to be left to every man's conscience, or at least in the power of the chief magistrate to determine.