Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
ma·ha·ra·jaor ma·ha·ra·jah (mä′hə-rä′jə, -zhə)
1. A king or prince in India ranking above a raja, especially the sovereign of one of the former native states.
2. Used as a title for such a king or prince.
[Sanskrit mahārājaḥ : mahā-, great; see meg- in Indo-European roots + rājaḥ, king (variant of rājā, king; see reg- in Indo-European roots).]
Word History: The Sanskrit word mahārājaḥ, the source of our word maharaja, means "great king." The first element in this word, mahā- means "great," and it is related to Greek mega- and Latin magnus, both meaning the same thing as the Sanskrit. All three forms derive from Indo-European *meg-, "great." This root became *mik- in Germanic, where an adjective, *mikila-, "great," was formed from it. This became micel, pronounced (mĭ′chəl), in Old English. The Old English word survives today in much, shortened from Middle English muchel. In Old Norse, *mikila- became mikill, and in the north of England, the Norse word and a variant of the Old English word micel combined to give us the word mickle, nowadays most often heard in the expression (used by both William Shakespeare and Edmund Spenser) mickle might, "much strength."
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any of various Indian princes, esp any of the rulers of the former native states
[C17: Hindi, from mahā great + rajah]
or ma•ha•ra•ja(ˌmɑ həˈrɑ dʒə, -ʒə)
n., pl. -jahs or -jas.
a former ruling prince in India, esp. of one of the major states.
[1690–1700; < Hindi mahā- greatmeg- + rājā rajah]
A Hindi word meaning great king, used to mean a ruler in India, especially one of the princes in the past.