maintain

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main·tain

 (mān-tān′)
tr.v. main·tained, main·tain·ing, main·tains
1. To keep up or carry on; continue: maintain good relations.
2. To keep in an existing state; preserve or retain: maintain one's composure.
3. To keep in a condition of good repair or efficiency: maintain two cars.
4.
a. To provide for; support: maintain a family.
b. To keep in existence; sustain: enough food to maintain life.
5. To defend or hold against criticism or attack: maintained his stand on taxes.
6. To declare to be true; affirm: maintained her innocence.
7. To adhere or conform to; keep: maintain a busy schedule.

[Middle English maintainen, from Old French maintenir, from Medieval Latin manutenēre, from Latin manū tenēre, to hold in the hand : manū, ablative of manus, hand; see man- in Indo-European roots + tenēre, to hold; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

main·tain′a·bil′i·ty n.
main·tain′a·ble adj.
main·tain′er n.

maintain

(meɪnˈteɪn)
vb (tr)
1. to continue or retain; keep in existence
2. to keep in proper or good condition: to maintain a building.
3. to support a style of living: the money maintained us for a month.
4. (takes a clause as object) to state or assert: he maintained that Talbot was wrong.
5. to defend against contradiction; uphold: she maintained her innocence.
6. to defend against physical attack
[C13: from Old French maintenir, ultimately from Latin manū tenēre to hold in the hand]
mainˈtainable adj
mainˈtainer n

main•tain

(meɪnˈteɪn)

v.t.
1. to keep in existence or continuance; preserve.
2. to keep in due condition, operation, or force.
3. to keep in a specified state, position, etc.
4. to affirm; assert; declare.
5. to support in speech or argument.
6. to keep or hold against attack.
7. to provide for the upkeep or support of.
[1200–50; « Vulgar Latin *manūtenēre literally, to hold in the hand]
main•tain′a•ble, adj.
main•tain′er, n.

maintain

When used in the context of deliberate planning, the directed command will keep the referenced operation plan, operation plan in concept format, or concept summary, and any associated Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES) automated data processing files active in accordance with applicable tasking documents describing the type and level of update or maintenance to be performed. General guidance is contained in JOPES, Volumes I and II. See also archive; retain.

maintain


Past participle: maintained
Gerund: maintaining

Imperative
maintain
maintain
Present
I maintain
you maintain
he/she/it maintains
we maintain
you maintain
they maintain
Preterite
I maintained
you maintained
he/she/it maintained
we maintained
you maintained
they maintained
Present Continuous
I am maintaining
you are maintaining
he/she/it is maintaining
we are maintaining
you are maintaining
they are maintaining
Present Perfect
I have maintained
you have maintained
he/she/it has maintained
we have maintained
you have maintained
they have maintained
Past Continuous
I was maintaining
you were maintaining
he/she/it was maintaining
we were maintaining
you were maintaining
they were maintaining
Past Perfect
I had maintained
you had maintained
he/she/it had maintained
we had maintained
you had maintained
they had maintained
Future
I will maintain
you will maintain
he/she/it will maintain
we will maintain
you will maintain
they will maintain
Future Perfect
I will have maintained
you will have maintained
he/she/it will have maintained
we will have maintained
you will have maintained
they will have maintained
Future Continuous
I will be maintaining
you will be maintaining
he/she/it will be maintaining
we will be maintaining
you will be maintaining
they will be maintaining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been maintaining
you have been maintaining
he/she/it has been maintaining
we have been maintaining
you have been maintaining
they have been maintaining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been maintaining
you will have been maintaining
he/she/it will have been maintaining
we will have been maintaining
you will have been maintaining
they will have been maintaining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been maintaining
you had been maintaining
he/she/it had been maintaining
we had been maintaining
you had been maintaining
they had been maintaining
Conditional
I would maintain
you would maintain
he/she/it would maintain
we would maintain
you would maintain
they would maintain
Past Conditional
I would have maintained
you would have maintained
he/she/it would have maintained
we would have maintained
you would have maintained
they would have maintained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.maintain - keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"; "hold in place"; "She always held herself as a lady"; "The students keep me on my toes"
pressurise, pressurize - maintain a certain pressure; "the airplane cabin is pressurized"; "pressurize a space suit"
preserve, uphold, carry on, continue, bear on - keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last; "preserve the peace in the family"; "continue the family tradition"; "Carry on the old traditions"
hold over - keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time
conserve - keep constant through physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change; "Energy is conserved in this process"
preserve - keep undisturbed for personal or private use for hunting, shooting, or fishing; "preserve the forest and the lakes"
distance - keep at a distance; "we have to distance ourselves from these events in order to continue living"
housekeep - maintain a household; take care of all business related to a household
2.maintain - keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destructionmaintain - keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction; "We preserve these archeological findings"; "The old lady could not keep up the building"; "children must be taught to conserve our national heritage"; "The museum curator conserved the ancient manuscripts"
keep - look after; be the keeper of; have charge of; "He keeps the shop when I am gone"
embalm - preserve a dead body
plastinate - preserve (tissue) with plastics, as for teaching and research purposes; "The doctor plastinates bodies to teach anatomy to his students"
hold the line - hold the line on prices; keep the price of something constant
3.maintain - supply with necessities and support; "She alone sustained her family"; "The money will sustain our good cause"; "There's little to earn and many to keep"
patronage - support by being a patron of
reseed - maintain by seeding without human intervention; "Some plants reseed themselves indefinitely"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
carry - keep up with financial support; "The Federal Government carried the province for many years"
4.maintain - state categoricallymaintain - state categorically      
insist, take a firm stand - be emphatic or resolute and refuse to budge; "I must insist!"
allege, aver, say - report or maintain; "He alleged that he was the victim of a crime"; "He said it was too late to intervene in the war"; "The registrar says that I owe the school money"
predicate, proclaim - affirm or declare as an attribute or quality of; "The speech predicated the fitness of the candidate to be President"
5.maintain - have and exercise; "wield power and authority"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
6.maintain - maintain for use and service; "I keep a car in the countryside"; "She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
7.maintain - maintain by writing regular recordsmaintain - maintain by writing regular records; "keep a diary"; "maintain a record"; "keep notes"
record, enter, put down - make a record of; set down in permanent form
8.maintain - state or assert; "He maintained his innocence"
vindicate - maintain, uphold, or defend; "vindicate the rights of the citizens"
affirm - say yes to
9.maintain - support against an opponentmaintain - support against an opponent; "The appellate court upheld the verdict"
vindicate, justify - show to be right by providing justification or proof; "vindicate a claim"
reassert, confirm - strengthen or make more firm; "The witnesses confirmed the victim's account"
10.maintain - stick to correctly or closely; "The pianist kept time with the metronome"; "keep count"; "I cannot keep track of all my employees"

maintain

verb
2. assert, state, hold, claim, insist, declare, allege, contend, affirm, profess, avow, aver, asseverate Prosecutors maintain that no deal was made.
assert disavow
3. look after, care for, take care of, finance, conserve, keep in good condition The house costs a fortune to maintain.
4. support, look after, keep, finance, feed, sustain, take care of, provide for, nurture, nourish the basic costs of maintaining a child

maintain

verb
1. To persevere in some condition, action, or belief:
2. To keep in a condition of good repair, efficiency, or use:
3. To supply with the necessities of life:
Idiom: take care of.
4. To support against arguments, attack, or criticism:
5. To put into words positively and with conviction:
Idiom: have it.
Translations
يُحافِظ على، يَستَمِر فييُحافِظ عَلى، يَصونيَزْعَم، يَدَّعييَصُونُيُعيل
udržovatvydržovatživitpokračovattvrdit
bevarevedligeholdeforsørgeholde påopretholde
ylläpitää
održavati
karbantart
haldahalda framhalda uppi, sjá fyrirhalda viî, viîhalda
維持する
유지하다
palaikymas
apgalvotapkoptekspluatētpaturētsaglabāt
ohranitivzdrževati
underhållaupphålla
ดูแลรักษา
sürdürmekbakmakgeçindirmekiddia etmeksavunmak
duy trì

maintain

[meɪnˈteɪn] VT
1. (= keep up) [+ attitude, correspondence, order, speed, advantage] → mantener; [+ silence] → guardar; [+ war] → sostener, continuar
the two countries maintain friendly relationslos dos países mantienen relaciones amistosas
he maintained his opposition to the planse mantuvo contrario al plan
2. (= support) [+ family, dependents] → mantener; [+ army] → mantener, costear
3. (= keep in good condition) [+ road, building, car, machine] → mantener en buen estado
the house costs a fortune to maintainel mantenimiento de la casa cuesta un dineral, cuesta un dineral mantener la casa en buen estado
4. (= have, retain) [+ house, property] → poseer, tener
as well as his house in London he maintains one in New York and one in Franceademás de su casa en Londres, posee or tiene una en Nueva York y otra en Francia
5. (= claim) [+ one's innocence] → mantener, sostener
he maintained that the earth was roundmantenía or sostenía que la tierra era redonda

maintain

[mnˈteɪn] vt
(= continue) [+ contact, friendship] → maintenir, préserver
(= keep in good repair) [+ house, equipment, road] → entretenir
(= keep up) [+ speed, pace, momentum] → maintenir; [+ rate] → maintenir
[+ order, control] → maintenir
to maintain law and order → faire respecter la loi et maintenir l'ordre
to maintain standards → maintenir des normes
(= affirm) → soutenir
to maintain (that) ... → soutenir que ...
(= support) [+ family] → subvenir aux besoins de
to maintain o.s. → subvenir à ses besoins

maintain

vt
(= keep up)aufrechterhalten; law and order, peace etcwahren; speed, attitudebeibehalten; priceshalten; lifeerhalten; he wants to maintain his weight at 75 kiloser möchte sein Gewicht von 75 Kilo beibehalten; to maintain the status quoden Status quo (aufrecht)erhalten; to maintain something at a constant temperatureetw bei gleichbleibender Temperatur halten
(= support) familyunterhalten
(= keep in good condition) machinewarten; roads, buildinginstand or in Stand halten; carpflegen; this old car is too expensive to maintaindieses alte Auto ist im Unterhalt zu teuer; products which help to maintain healthy skinProdukte, die die Haut gesund erhalten
(= claim)behaupten; he still maintained he was innocent, he still maintained his innocenceer beteuerte immer noch seine Unschuld
(= defend) theoryvertreten; rightsverteidigen

maintain

[meɪnˈteɪn] vt
a. (keep up, gen) → mantenere; (attack) → continuare; (lead in race) → mantenere, conservare
if the improvement is maintained → se il miglioramento continua
b. (support, family, army) → mantenere
c. (keep in good condition) → mantenere in buono stato
d. (claim) to maintain that ...sostenere che...

maintain

(meinˈtein) verb
1. to continue. How long can you maintain this silence?
2. to keep in good condition. He maintains his car very well.
3. to pay the expenses of. How can you maintain a wife and three children on your small salary?
4. to continue to argue or believe (that). I maintain that the theory is true.
ˈmaintenance (-tənəns) noun
1. the process of keeping something in good condition. car maintenance.
2. the act of maintaining (a point of view etc).

maintain

يَصُونُ udržovat bevare erhalten συντηρώ mantener ylläpitää maintenir održavati mantenere 維持する 유지하다 onderhouden opprettholde utrzymać manter поддерживать underhålla ดูแลรักษา sürdürmek duy trì 维持

maintain

vt mantener
References in classic literature ?
Greatly excited by the strange news, but maintaining as calm an air outwardly as possible, so as not to excite the Indians, Tom and his friends returned to camp to prepare for their trip.
demanded Cora, still maintaining a secret ascendancy over the fierce native by the collected and feminine dignity of her presence.
And often you will notice that being conscious of the eyes of the whole visible world resting on him from the sides of the two ships, this standing captain is all alive to the importance of sustaining his dignity by maintaining his legs.
Long maintaining an enchanted silence, Ahab stood apart; and every time the tetering ship loweringly pitched down her bowsprit, he turned to eye the bright sun's rays produced ahead; and when she profoundly settled by the stern, he turned behind, and saw the sun's rearward place, and how the same yellow rays were blending with his undeviating wake.
Wilson, a good-natured but extremely fidgety and cautious old gentleman, ambled up and down the room, appearing, as John Bunyan hath it, "much tumbled up and down in his mind," and divided between his wish to help George, and a certain confused notion of maintaining law and order: so, as he shambled about, he delivered himself as follows:
He came to the part of the room where the sittersby were collected, spoke to some, and walked about in front of them, as if to shew his liberty, and his resolution of maintaining it.
he replied, maintaining a marble immobility of feature.
I, who had determined to hold myself independent of all social intercourse, and thanked my stars that, at length, I had lighted on a spot where it was next to impracticable - I, weak wretch, after maintaining till dusk a struggle with low spirits and solitude, was finally compelled to strike my colours; and under pretence of gaining information concerning the necessities of my establishment, I desired Mrs.
Vanstone, feeling what was due to her long friendship with Miss Garth, had apparently placed the fullest confidence in her, on one subject, by way of unsuspiciously maintaining the strictest reserve toward her on another.
And as individuals get into trouble by making too great a show of liveries, or as slaves when they are too numerous rise against their masters, so I think I could mention a nation that has got into many great difficulties, and will get into many greater, from maintaining too large a retinue of words.
Though mind you, Pip," said Joe, with a judicial touch or two of the poker on the top bar, "rendering unto all their doo, and maintaining equal justice betwixt man and man, my father were that good in his hart, don't you see?
The other appointments of the mansion partook of the rude simplicity of the Saxon period, which Cedric piqued himself upon maintaining.