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1. An infectious disease characterized by cycles of chills, fever, and sweating, caused by a protozoan of the genus Plasmodium in red blood cells, which is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquito.
2. Archaic Bad or foul air; miasma.
[Italian, from mala aria, bad air (from the belief that malaria was caused by vapors emanating from swamps, rather than mosquitos that bred there ) : mala, feminine of malo, bad (from Latin malus; see mel- in Indo-European roots) + aria, air; see aria.]
ma·lar′i·al, ma·lar′i·an, ma·lar′i·ous adj.
(Pathology) an infectious disease characterized by recurring attacks of chills and fever, caused by the bite of an anopheles mosquito infected with any of four protozoans of the genus Plasmodium (P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, or P. ovale)
[C18: from Italian mala aria bad air, from the belief that the disease was caused by the unwholesome air in swampy districts]
maˈlarial, maˈlarian, maˈlarious adj
ma•lar•i•a(məˈlɛər i ə)
1. any of a group of usu. intermittent or remittent diseases characterized by attacks of chills, fever, and sweating and caused by a parasitic protozoan transferred to the human bloodstream by an anopheles mosquito.
2. Archaic. unwholesome or poisonous air.
[1730–40; < Italian, contraction of mala aria bad air]
ma•lar′i•al, ma•lar′i•an, ma•lar′i•ous, adj.
An infectious disease of tropical areas that is caused by a parasite transmitted by mosquitoes. It causes repeated attacks of chills, fever, and sweating.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||malaria - an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever|
blackwater fever - severe and often fatal malaria characterized by kidney damage resulting in dark urine
jungle fever - severe form of malaria occurring in tropical regions
protozoal infection - any infection caused by a protozoan
bệnh sốt rét
n → Malaria f
malaria[məˈlɛərɪə] n → malaria
a fever caused by the bite of a certain type of mosquito. malaria ملاريا малария malária malárie die Malaria malaria ελονοσίαmalaria malaaria مالاریا malaria malaria מָלַריָה मलेरिया malarija malária malaria mÿrakalda, malaría malaria マラリア 말라리아 maliarija malārija demam malaria malariamalariamalaria ملاريا malária malarie малярия malária malarija malarija malaria ไข้มาลาเรีย sıtma 瘧疾 малярія ملیریا bệnh sốt rét 疟疾