is defined as when the presenting part of foetus is other than normal vertex of foetal head.
No antenatal visits, multiple births, malpresentation
, oxytocin use during labour, sever eclampsia and pre eclampsia, maternal anemia, meconium stained amniotic fluid and prolonged rupture of membrane are considered to be risk factors for birth asphyxia8.
If the cervix and uterus have already started to contract and shrink, correcting a malpresentation
becomes very difficult or impossible, so timely checking is crucial.
Other factors include maternal trauma, large uterine fibroids and foetal malpresentation
These plastic shoulder length gloves will protect you if you have to go into the animal to correct a malpresentation
or provide assistance, and will also help protect the mother from bacteria entering the reproductive tract as well.
In terms of fetal health, the highest-rated reasons given for performing a CD were an abnormal intrapartum fetal heart rate tracing (83%), malpresentation
(60%), suspected macrosomia (43%), and intrauterine growth restriction (24%) (See Table 3).
The clinical indications for prelabor cesarean delivery included malpresentation
Although the current statement supports a woman's right to make a medically informed decision, it emphasizes that any of several factors including fetal malpresentation
, multiple gestation, and prior cesarean delivery are "an absolute contraindication to planned home birth.
14 studied different factors affecting dystocia in primiparous women including malpresentation
, occipitoposterior position, macrosomia etc.
obstructed labor due to malposition and malpresentation
Cases were excluded if at the start of the planned IOL, they were in spontaneous labour, had a cervical dilatation of 33 cm, had confirmed rupture of membrane, had abnormal cardiotocogram (CTG), had a scarred uterus such as previous caesarean section, had malpresentation
in labour, or if caesarean section delivery was indicated.
The exclusion criteria were premature rupture of membranes; active labor; vaginal bleeding; placenta previa; history of caesarean section; cephalopelvic disproportion; and history of asthma or glaucoma, multipara <3, and malpresentation