mandarin


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Man·da·rin

 (măn′də-rĭn)
n.
1. Any of a group of related dialects of Chinese spoken principally in the north and west of China.
2. The official national standard spoken language of China, based on the Mandarin dialect spoken in and around Beijing. Also called Guoyu, Putonghua.

[From mandarin (from its use in administration in imperial China ).]

man·da·rin

 (măn′də-rĭn)
n.
1. A member of any of the nine ranks of high public officials in the Chinese Empire.
2. A high government official or bureaucrat.
3. A member of an elite group, especially a person having influence or high status in intellectual or cultural circles.
4. A mandarin orange.
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or resembling a mandarin.
2. Marked by elaborate and refined language or literary style.

[From Spanish mandarín, from Portuguese mandarim, from Malay menteri, from Sanskrit mantrī, mantrin-, counselor, from mantraḥ, counsel; see men- in Indo-European roots.]

mandarin

(ˈmændərɪn)
n
1. (Historical Terms) (in the Chinese Empire) a member of any of the nine senior grades of the bureaucracy, entered by examinations
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in the Chinese Empire) a member of any of the nine senior grades of the bureaucracy, entered by examinations
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a high-ranking official whose powers are extensive and thought to be outside political control
4. a person of standing and influence, as in literary or intellectual circles
5. (Plants)
a. a small citrus tree, Citrus nobilis, cultivated for its edible fruit
b. the fruit of this tree, resembling the tangerine
[C16: from Portuguese mandarim, via Malay menteri from Sanskrit mantrin counsellor, from mantra counsel]
ˈmandarinate n

man•da•rin

(ˈmæn də rɪn)

n.
1. (in the Chinese Empire) a member of any of the nine ranks of public officials.
2. (cap.)
a. a more or less uniform spoken form of the Chinese language based loosely on the dialect of Beijing and used by officials in late imperial China.
b. the group of related Chinese dialects, including Mandarin and the modern standard language, spoken in SW, central, and N China and in Manchuria.
3.
a. a small spiny Chinese citrus tree, Citrus reticulata, bearing flattish orange-yellow to deep orange loose-skinned fruit.
b. this fruit, some hybrid varieties of which are called tangerines.
4. an influential or powerful government official or bureaucrat.
5. a member of an elite or powerful group or class.
adj.
6. of or pertaining to a mandarin or mandarins.
7. elegantly refined, as in language or taste.
[1580–90; < Portuguese mandarim, < Malay məntəri « Skt mantrin councilor]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mandarin - shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removedmandarin - shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removed; native to southeastern Asia
mandarin orange, mandarin - a somewhat flat reddish-orange loose skinned citrus of China
genus Citrus - orange; lemon; lime; etc.
citrus tree, citrus - any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
tangerine, tangerine tree - a variety of mandarin orange
clementine, clementine tree - a variety of mandarin orange that is grown around the Mediterranean and in South Africa
satsuma, satsuma tree - a variety of mandarin orange
2.mandarin - a member of an elite intellectual or cultural groupmandarin - a member of an elite intellectual or cultural group
elitist - someone who believes in rule by an elite group
3.mandarin - any high government official or bureaucratmandarin - any high government official or bureaucrat
functionary, official - a worker who holds or is invested with an office
4.mandarin - a high public official of imperial Chinamandarin - a high public official of imperial China
Chinese - a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China
5.mandarin - a somewhat flat reddish-orange loose skinned citrus of Chinamandarin - a somewhat flat reddish-orange loose skinned citrus of China
citrous fruit, citrus, citrus fruit - any of numerous fruits of the genus Citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions
clementine - a mandarin orange of a deep reddish orange color and few seeds
satsuma - medium-sized largely seedless mandarin orange with thin smooth skin
tangerine - any of various deep orange mandarins grown in the United States and southern Africa
Citrus reticulata, mandarin, mandarin orange, mandarin orange tree - shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removed; native to southeastern Asia
6.mandarin - the dialect of Chinese spoken in Beijing and adopted as the official language for all of ChinaMandarin - the dialect of Chinese spoken in Beijing and adopted as the official language for all of China
Chinese - any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system
Translations
فاكِهَة المَندَرين، يوسِف إفَنْديمُوَظَّفيوسفيُوسِفِيّ
мандарин
mandarinkamandarínmandarinkovníkmandarínštinavysoký státní úředník
mandarinkinesisk
mandariinimandariinikiinavirkamiesaurinkokuningas
dužnosnikmandarina
mandarin
mandarínamandaríni
マンダリンオレンジ上級官吏蜜柑
관료
mandarinas
mandarīns
mandarijnMandarijns
mandarínmandarínkamandarínkovník
mandarin
ข้าราชการพลเรือนส้มจีน
quả quýtviên chức chính phủ

mandarin

[ˈmændərɪn] N
1. (= person) (lit, fig) → mandarín m
2. (also mandarin orange) → mandarina f
3. Mandarin (Ling) → mandarín m

Mandarin

[ˈmændərɪn] n (= language) → mandarin m

mandarin

[ˈmændərɪn] n
(also mandarin orange) → mandarine f
(= person) → mandarin m

mandarin

n
(= Chinese official)Mandarin m; (= official)hoher Funktionär, Bonze m (pej)
(Ling) MandarinHochchinesisch nt
(= fruit)Mandarine f

mandarin

[ˈmændərɪn] n
a. (person) → mandarino
b. (also mandarin orange) → mandarino

mandarin

(ˈmӕndərin) noun
1. (also mandarin orange) a type of small orange.
2. an official of high rank in the Chinese Empire.

mandarin

مُوَظَّف, يُوسِفِيّ mandarinka, vysoký státní úředník mandarin Mandarin, Mandarine μανδαρίνος, μανταρίνι mandarín, mandarina mandariini, virkamies mandarin, mandarine dužnosnik, mandarina mandarino マンダリンオレンジ, 上級官吏 관료, 귤 mandarijn byråkrat, mandarin mandaryn, mandarynka mandachuva, mandarim, tangerina мандарин, чиновник mandarin ข้าราชการพลเรือน, ส้มจีน Çin’de yüksek memur, mandalina quả quýt, viên chức chính phủ 中国柑桔, 内务官员
References in classic literature ?
It was gone, but Beth had remembered the little household ceremony, and there she was, nodding away at them like a rosyfaced mandarin.
Through them the symbols of the mandarin duck and drake, the one-winged birds, the tree whose boughs are interwoven, are revealed.
The bad side of human thought will always be defined by the paradox of Jean Jacques Rousseau, -- you remember, -- the mandarin who is killed five hundred leagues off by raising the tip of the finger.
Rose said she would be kind; but had not the least idea how to entertain the queer guest, who looked as if he had walked out of one of the rice-paper landscapes on the wall, and sat nodding at her so like a toy Mandarin that she could hardly keep sober.
Helpless, ridiculous, confined, bobbing like a toy mandarin, you sit like a rat in a trap--you, before whom butlers cringe on solid land--and must squeak upward through a slit in your peripatetic sarcophagus to make your feeble wishes known.
We could get rid of them and their money afterwards by delivering them to their Mandarin or Taotai, or whatever they call these chaps in goggles you see being carried about in sedan-chairs through their stinking streets.
I particularly observed in our travelling with his baggage, that though we received sufficient provisions both for ourselves and our horses from the country, as belonging to the mandarin, yet we were obliged to pay for everything we had, after the market price of the country, and the mandarin's steward collected it duly from us.
As for our mandarin with whom we travelled, he was respected as a king, surrounded always with his gentlemen, and attended in all his appearances with such pomp, that I saw little of him but at a distance.
The singers have a firm grasp of Mandarin pronunciation.
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