We discuss 4 cases seen over the last 18 months at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital in an effort to highlight the importance of routinely reviewing coronal views of the mandibular condyle
when interpreting trauma-related computerised tomography brain (CTB) studies in a paediatric setting.
A subsequent Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan (MRI) revealed an enhancing soft tissue mass extrinsic to the left parotid gland just below the level of the mandibular condyle
2) Ectopic teeth are commonly seen in the palate and maxillary sinus, but cases also have been reported at unusual sites such as the mandibular condyle
, coronoid process, orbit, and nasal cavity.
18) Long-term JIA manifestations in TMJs, as demonstrated by CT and MRI, were frequent, usually bilateral, and characterized by mandibular condyle
and temporal bone deformities.
Recurrence of a solitary bone cyst of the mandibular condyle
in a bone graft.
80 width of eye, strongly narrowing to mandibular condyle
, covered with yellowish pubescence; punctures shallow, scattered; (7) tempora narrowing to vertex; (8) posterior region of head excavated, strongly emarginate.
Rotation around the temporomandibular jaw joint, called the medical literature and hinge motion is carried around an imaginary axis called bicondilian shaft, passing through two of the mandibular condyle
1) The structural components of the TMJ are the mandibular condyle
, the mandibular fossa and eminence of the temporal bone, and disc.
CH type 1 is the most frequently occurring form and involves an accelerated growth rate of the "normal" growth mechanism of the mandibular condyle
with relatively normal architecture of the condyle but elongation of the condylar head, neck, and mandibular body.
12) On normal sagittal oblique closed-mouth images, a commonly cited standard for normal disc position on MRI is visualization of the posterior margin of the posterior band at an 11:00 position or more posterior clock-face position above the mandibular condyle
We have concluded that reactive sclerosis accompanying erosion in the right mandibular condyle
of this patient is a feature of arthritis which commonly occurs in seronegative spondyloarthropathies, such as enteropathic arthropathy rather than degenerative joint disease.
The article highlights the importance of routinely reviewing the mandibular condyle
on computerised tomography brain studies in a trauma setting.