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[Middle English; see mandrake.]


(ˈmæn dreɪk, -drɪk)

1. a narcotic, short-stemmed European plant, Mandragora officinarum, of the nightshade family, having a fleshy, often forked root somewhat resembling a human form.
[1275–1325; alter. of mandrage (taken by folk etym. as man + drake2 in sense “dragon”), probably < Middle Dutch < Medieval Latin mandragora mandragora]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mandragora - a genus of stemless herbs of the family SolanaceaeMandragora - a genus of stemless herbs of the family Solanaceae
asterid dicot genus - genus of more or less advanced dicotyledonous herbs and some trees and shrubs
family Solanaceae, potato family, Solanaceae - large and economically important family of herbs or shrubs or trees often strongly scented and sometimes narcotic or poisonous; includes the genera Solanum, Atropa, Brugmansia, Capsicum, Datura, Hyoscyamus, Lycopersicon, Nicotiana, Petunia, Physalis, and Solandra
devil's apples, Mandragora officinarum, mandrake - a plant of southern Europe and North Africa having purple flowers, yellow fruits and a forked root formerly thought to have magical powers
References in periodicals archive ?
The exhibitions would include Magic Lanterns (we might begin with these), flights, artificial meteors, all sorts of optical wonders; a representation of the heavens and stars and of comets; a globe like that of Gottorp at Jena; fire-works, water fountains, strangely shaped boats; Mandragoras and other rare plants.
An anaesthetic drug might be considered, such as mandragoras (mandrake), which was an ingredient in a prescribed potion, to be taken in unmixed wine, by a patient smitten with quartan fever (Hippocrates, Diseases 2.
Mandragoras officinarum belongs to the Solanaceae family of plants and contains 0, 3-4% of tropane based alkaloids.