of the slaves in New York has been gradual.
Planters more frequently manumitted these children, but as Vasconcellos asserts, viewing the frequency of such manumissions
requires a sophisticated interpretation of race and paternity in relation to the plantation economy.
They discuss his French heritage, including his family's move to Philadelphia; Benezet and the Quaker community in the British Atlantic world, including how he became a respected figure in it, how his antislavery ideas are based on the peace testimony of the Quaker religion, comparisons to abolitionist John Woolman, and the changing Atlantic world of the time; and Benezet's writings key to the New Jersey campaign to ban slave imports and ease private manumissions
before the American Revolution, the transatlantic circulation of the first Quaker antislavery pamphlets, the impact of his views about Africa, the antislavery culture of Benjamin Rush's Philadelphia, and how Benezet complemented the contributions of the Black Founders.
For a long time, it has been claimed that the number of manumissions
in Suriname was very low when compared (14) with other colonies (Brana-Shute 1985:202 and Hoetink 1972:80).
In the city's notarial records, the enslaved manumissions
were classified as cartas de libertad, literally "letters of liberty".
Taking a cue from Pascoe, this paper focuses on the relationship between interracial sex and slave manumissions
in the American South.
The topics include metropolitan Spain and the Canaries in the 15th and 16th centuries, the limits of manumission
for enslaved Africans in 18th-century British West Indian sugar society, sex and gender in Surinamese manumissions
, the struggle of liberated Africans for final emancipation in Brazil from the 1840s to the 1860s, and the slave owner's family and manumission
in the post-revolutionary Chesapeake tidewater.
Gellman also credits the New York Manumission
Society with significant contributions to the abolitionist movement, including petitions, assistance with personal manumissions
, and legal help to kidnapped slaves.
The vast majority of these manumissions
, 684 out of 760 or 90 per cent, in fact took place in just four months from September through December 1682.
The book is based on a substantial body of primary documentation: manuscript censuses for 1775, 1798 and 1820, parish records of baptisms, marriages, and deaths, property inventories and wills over a two hundred year period, and town council records including registration of slave manumissions
Some are contracts about slavery, loans, manumissions
, the purchase of beer, or marriage agreements.
Study of statutes and local legislation (which Epstein takes as an "explicit" law, in contrast to the Latinate and learned law, although it is hard to see how that was not also explicit) yields a variety of rules about sales, manumissions
, learning trades, crimes, and more.