marcasite

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mar·ca·site

 (mär′kə-sīt′, -zīt′)
n.
1. A mineral with the same composition as pyrite, FeS2, but differing in crystal structure. Also called white iron pyrites.
2. An ornament of pyrite, polished steel, or white metal.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin marcasīta, from Arabic marqašīṯā, from Aramaic marqəšitā, from Akkadian marḫašu, from marḫaši, ancient region in the eastern Iranian plateau.]

mar′ca·sit′i·cal (-sĭt′ĭ-kəl) adj.

marcasite

(ˈmɑːkəˌsaɪt)
n
1. (Minerals) a metallic pale yellow mineral consisting of iron sulphide in orthorhombic crystalline form used in jewellery. Formula: FeS2
2. (Jewellery) a cut and polished form of steel or any white metal used for making jewellery
[C15: from Medieval Latin marcasīta, from Arabic marqashītā, perhaps from Persian]
marcasitical adj

mar•ca•site

(ˈmɑr kəˌsaɪt)

n.
1. a common mineral, iron sulfide, FeS2, chemically identical to pyrite but crystallizing in the orthorhombic system.
2.
a. a crystallized form of this, used for jewelry.
b. any mineral resembling this form or any substance imitating it, esp. as used in jewelry.
[1375–1425; < Medieval Latin marcasīta < Arabic < Aramaic]
mar`ca•sit′i•cal (-ˈsɪt ɪ kəl) adj.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Her antique chapel-length veil, which had been worn by her grandmother and mother, was ornamented with marcasites and malachites at the crown.
Enamel buttons were much prized in the 18th century and frequently carried tiny painted scenes of country life set within a gold leaf border, while mother-of-pearl buttons, used for men's waistcoats and knee breeches have a particular fascination since each one was individually fashioned in layers by hand, and occasionally embellished with cut-steel, marcasites, enamel or gold mesh.