From Spanish Court to Italian Guetto: Isaac Cardoso, a Study in Seventeenth-Century Marranism
and Jewish Apologetics.
Whether one accepts Yovel's interpretation of primary and secondary evidence or not, his conclusion that Marranism
, and its dualistic conflicts, produced an extraordinary series of intellectual and secular forces of modern thinking is convincing and worthy of thoughtful meditation and continuing discussion.
Masks in the mirror; Marranism in Jewish experience.
He also notes that this condition of madness is ultimately a modern form of personality, and he works with the notion that Marranism is now a trait of the modern mind.
Some authors insist on the need to distinguish marranism
from crypto-Judaism, as well as Jews and New Christians in both Europe and America; others contend that marranism
is a multi-faceted and developing phenomenon; while still other contributions question in what sense a given individual should be regarded as a Jew in the first place.
A Study in Seventeenth-Century Marranism
and Jewish Apologetics (New York: Columbia University Press, 1971).
Isaac Cardoso: A Study in Seventeenth-Century Marranism
and Jewish Apologetics, p.
In that more restricted arena, I argue that Marranism is the particular form of Jewishness which is most pertinent to our understanding, and that Marlowe's The Jew of Malta is the crucial initiatory text.
Even accounts of Doctor Roderigo Lopez, Queen Elizabeth's traitorous physician and the most notorious Marrano in sixteenth-century England, are interesting for their suppression of references to his Jewishness, as though treason was a disambiguating category that made the ambiguities of Marranism irrelevant.
25) But more typical is the balanced attitude expressed by Samuel Purchas in his collection of voyages, in a context where Marranism is not at issue.
Outside the threatening context of Marranism, Englishmen seem to have regarded Jews as men and women of flesh and blood whose values and conduct could be discussed in much the same sorts of terms one would use for any other strangers.
Isaac Cardoso: A Study in Seventeenth-century Marranism
and Jewish Apologetics, 2nd edn (Seattle, 198 1); Jonathan Israel, Empires and Entrepots: The Dutch, the Spanish Monarchy and the Kews, 1585-1713 (London, 1990).