martyr


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Related to martyr: Martyr Syndrome, Martyr complex

mar·tyr

 (mär′tər)
n.
1. One who chooses to suffer death rather than renounce religious principles.
2. One who makes great sacrifices or suffers much in order to further a belief, cause, or principle.
3.
a. One who endures great suffering: a martyr to arthritis.
b. One who makes a great show of suffering in order to arouse sympathy.
tr.v. mar·tyred, mar·tyr·ing, mar·tyrs
1. To make a martyr of, especially to put to death for devotion to religious beliefs.
2. To inflict great pain on; torment.

[Middle English, from Old English, from Late Latin, from Late Greek martur, from Greek martus, martur-, witness.]

martyr

(ˈmɑːtə)
n
1. (Ecclesiastical Terms) a person who suffers death rather than renounce his religious beliefs
2. a person who suffers greatly or dies for a cause, belief, etc
3. a person who suffers from poor health, misfortune, etc: he's a martyr to rheumatism.
4. facetious or derogatory a person who feigns suffering to gain sympathy, help, etc
vb (tr)
5. (Ecclesiastical Terms) to kill as a martyr
6. (Ecclesiastical Terms) to make a martyr of
[Old English martir, from Church Latin martyr, from Late Greek martur-, martus witness]
ˌmartyriˈzation, ˌmartyriˈsation n

mar•tyr

(ˈmɑr tər)

n.
1. a person who willingly suffers death rather than renounce his or her religion.
2. a person who is put to death or suffers on behalf of a cause.
3. a person who undergoes severe or constant suffering.
v.t.
4. to make a martyr of, esp. by putting to death.
5. to torment; torture.
[before 900; Old English martyr < Late Latin < Late Greek mártyr, variant of Greek mártys, witness]

martyr


Past participle: martyred
Gerund: martyring

Imperative
martyr
martyr
Present
I martyr
you martyr
he/she/it martyrs
we martyr
you martyr
they martyr
Preterite
I martyred
you martyred
he/she/it martyred
we martyred
you martyred
they martyred
Present Continuous
I am martyring
you are martyring
he/she/it is martyring
we are martyring
you are martyring
they are martyring
Present Perfect
I have martyred
you have martyred
he/she/it has martyred
we have martyred
you have martyred
they have martyred
Past Continuous
I was martyring
you were martyring
he/she/it was martyring
we were martyring
you were martyring
they were martyring
Past Perfect
I had martyred
you had martyred
he/she/it had martyred
we had martyred
you had martyred
they had martyred
Future
I will martyr
you will martyr
he/she/it will martyr
we will martyr
you will martyr
they will martyr
Future Perfect
I will have martyred
you will have martyred
he/she/it will have martyred
we will have martyred
you will have martyred
they will have martyred
Future Continuous
I will be martyring
you will be martyring
he/she/it will be martyring
we will be martyring
you will be martyring
they will be martyring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been martyring
you have been martyring
he/she/it has been martyring
we have been martyring
you have been martyring
they have been martyring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been martyring
you will have been martyring
he/she/it will have been martyring
we will have been martyring
you will have been martyring
they will have been martyring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been martyring
you had been martyring
he/she/it had been martyring
we had been martyring
you had been martyring
they had been martyring
Conditional
I would martyr
you would martyr
he/she/it would martyr
we would martyr
you would martyr
they would martyr
Past Conditional
I would have martyred
you would have martyred
he/she/it would have martyred
we would have martyred
you would have martyred
they would have martyred
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.martyr - one who suffers for the sake of principlemartyr - one who suffers for the sake of principle
shaheed - Arabic term for holy martyrs; applied by Palestinians to suicide bombers
victim - an unfortunate person who suffers from some adverse circumstance
2.martyr - one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion
victim - an unfortunate person who suffers from some adverse circumstance
Polycarp, Saint Polycarp, St. Polycarp - Greek bishop of Smyrna who refused to recant his Christian faith and was burned to death by pagans (circa 69-155)
Verb1.martyr - kill as a martyr; "Saint Sebastian was martyred"
kill - cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"; "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays"
2.martyr - torture and torment like a martyrmartyr - torture and torment like a martyr  
excruciate, torture, torment - subject to torture; "The sinners will be tormented in Hell, according to the Bible"

martyr

verb put to death, make a martyr of, martyrize (rare) St. Pancras was martyred in 304 AD.
be a martyr to something suffer from, be troubled by, be afflicted with, be seriously affected by, be a sufferer from He's still a martyr to that painful right elbow.
Translations
شَهيدشَهِيدٌيَقْتُل بسبب العَقيدَه
mučedníkmučitoběťtrpitel-ice
martyrpersonder er plaget afgøre til martyr
märter
marttyyriuhri
mučenik
mártírszenvedõ áldozatavértanúvértanúhalállal megöl
deyîa eîa pínalangòjáîur maîurpíslarvottur
殉教者受難者
순교자
kankinio kančioskankinio mirtiskankinyskentėtojasnukankinti
cietējslikt mirt mocekļa nāvēmoceklisnomocītupuris
martirmartirizamucenic
mučeníktrpiteľumučiť
martyr
şehitşehit etmeksürekli acı çeken kimseinanç kurbanı
người tử vì đạo

martyr

[ˈmɑːtəʳ]
A. Nmártir mf
to be a martyr to arthritisser víctima de la artritis
B. VTmartirizar

martyr

[ˈmɑːrr]
n (political)martyr(e) m/f; (religious)martyr(e) m/f
vtlivrer au martyr
to be martyred → être livré(e) au martyre

martyr

nMärtyrer(in) m(f); he was a martyr to the cause of civil rightser wurde zum Märtyrer für die Sache der Bürgerrechtsbewegung; to be a martyr to arthritisentsetzlich unter Arthritis zu leiden haben; there’s no need to make a martyr of yourself (inf)du brauchst hier nicht den Märtyrer zu spielen (inf)
vtmartern, (zu Tode) quälen; thousands of Christians were martyredtausende or Tausende von Christen starben den Märtyrertod

martyr

[ˈmɑːtəʳ]
1. nmartire m/f
to be a martyr to arthritis → essere torturato/a dall'artrite
2. vtmartirizzare

martyr

(ˈmaːtə) noun
1. a person who suffers death or hardship for what he or she believes. St Joan is said to have been a martyr.
2. a person who continually suffers from a disease, difficulty etc. She is a martyr to rheumatism.
verb
to put (someone) to death or cause (him) to suffer greatly for his beliefs. Saint Joan was martyred by the English.
ˈmartyrdom noun
the suffering or death of a martyr.

martyr

شَهِيدٌ mučedník martyr Märtyrer μάρτυρας mártir marttyyri martyr mučenik martire 殉教者 순교자 martelaar martyr męczennik mártir мученик martyr ผู้ยอมเสียสละชีวิตเพื่อศาสนาหรือความเชื่อของตน şehit người tử vì đạo 烈士
References in classic literature ?
It's perfectly maddening to think of those lovely limes," sighed Amy, with the air of a martyr.
She was patient -- a martyr, indeed but she forebore to pray for enemies, lest, in spite of her forgiving aspirations, the words of the blessing should stubbornly twist themselves into a curse.
Like a plethoric burning martyr, or a self-consuming misanthrope, once ignited, the whale supplies his own fuel and burns by his own body.
This was, indeed, a bad failure, for this animal would now be dubbed a martyr, and would take his place among the saints of the Roman calendar.
Bartholomew and the Executioner with the knife to fulfil the martyr.
It was as if a martyr, a hero, had passed a slave or victim, and imparted strength in the transit.
The sad truth is, I am a martyr to my own sense of order.
We should deserve to be stoned out of the lists; and I am not yet old enough to be a martyr.
Dorian Gray stepped up on the dais with the air of a young Greek martyr, and made a little moue of discontent to Lord Henry, to whom he had rather taken a fancy.
Giry, like the martyr that she was, raised her head, her face beaming with faith in her own innocence.
The Catholics gathered the remains of this glorious martyr, and interred them.
They express the aspiration of the first martyr of philosophy, that he would leave behind him many followers, accompanied by the not unnatural feeling that they would be fiercer and more inconsiderate in their words when emancipated from his control.