Military deception" misses its deep cultural roots: maskirovka involves camouflage, denial, and a deep finesse.
The most powerful weapon in the maskirovka armory is disinformation, a word acquired in the 1950s from the Russian dezinformatsiya.
As part of Reflexive Control, Russia utilized a well-coordinated denial-and-deception plan, called maskirovka
, through the use of "little green men" to establish checkpoints and secure key terrain in Ukraine.
It combines traditional maskirovka
(deception) techniques with the use of irregular warfare units (like GRU spetsnaz) and Russian-trained separatist fighters.
In 2015, it looked as if Russian President Vladimir Putin and his foreign affairs strategists had succeeded in using the proven maskirovka
(masking) tactics of the Soviet army and Soviet intelligence to deceive the West and distract it from Russia's actual goals.
First, Russian capabilities at cyber warfare are very advanced--as befits a state as interested as it has been in maskirovka
and as blessed as it has been with a surfeit of world-class mathematicians.
Concluding that only nuclear weapons can absolutely guarantee their security, they have therefore increasingly emphasized maskirovka
(concealment and deception), mobility, and asymmetric warfare to make targets very hard to find.
More space devoted to the role and functioning of Maskirovka
would have been useful.
Stalingrad was the first real success for maskirovka.
The battle of Kursk was also an example of effective Soviet maskirovka.
has been receiving recognition in the USA ever since the 1980 publication of Nikolai Nikolaevich & Maskirovka
(see WLT 55:2, p.
The Soviet Union called this complex of techniques maskirovka