mass


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Mass

also mass  (măs)
n.
1.
a. Public celebration of the Eucharist in the Roman Catholic Church and some Protestant churches.
b. The sacrament of the Eucharist.
2. A musical setting of certain parts of the Mass, especially the Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei.

[Middle English masse, from Old English mæsse, from Vulgar Latin *messa, from Late Latin missa, from Latin, feminine past participle of mittere, to send away, dismiss.]

mass

 (măs)
n.
1. A unified body of matter with no specific shape: a mass of clay.
2. A grouping of individual parts or elements that compose a unified body of unspecified size or quantity: "Take mankind in mass, and for the most part, they seem a mob of unnecessary duplicates" (Herman Melville).
3. A large but nonspecific amount or number: a mass of bruises.
4. A lump or aggregate of coherent material: a cancerous mass.
5. The principal part; the majority: the mass of the continent.
6. The physical volume or bulk of a solid body.
7. Abbr. m Physics A property of matter equal to the measure of the amount of matter contained in or constituting a physical body that partly determines the body's resistance to changes in the speed or direction of its motion. The mass of an object is not dependent on gravity and therefore is different from but proportional to its weight.
8. An area of unified light, shade, or color in a painting.
9. Pharmacology A thick, pasty mixture containing drugs from which pills are formed.
10. masses The body of common people or people of low socioeconomic status: "Give me your tired, your poor, / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free" (Emma Lazarus).
tr. & intr.v. massed, mass·ing, mass·es
To gather or be gathered into a mass.
adj.
1. Of, relating to, characteristic of, directed at, or attended by a large number of people: mass education; mass communication.
2. Done or carried out on a large scale: mass production.
3. Total; complete: The mass result is impressive.

[Middle English masse, from Old French, from Latin massa, from Greek māza, maza; see mag- in Indo-European roots.]

mass

(mæs)
n
1. a large coherent body of matter without a definite shape
2. a collection of the component parts of something
3. a large amount or number, such as a great body of people
4. the main part or majority: the mass of the people voted against the government's policy.
5. in the mass in the main; collectively
6. the size of a body; bulk
7. (General Physics) physics a physical quantity expressing the amount of matter in a body. It is a measure of a body's resistance to changes in velocity (inertial mass) and also of the force experienced in a gravitational field (gravitational mass): according to the theory of relativity, inertial and gravitational masses are equal. See also inertial mass, gravitational mass
8. (Art Terms) (in painting, drawing, etc) an area of unified colour, shade, or intensity, usually denoting a solid form or plane
9. (Pharmacology) pharmacol a pastelike composition of drugs from which pills are made
10. (Mining & Quarrying) mining an irregular deposit of ore not occurring in veins
modifier
11. done or occurring on a large scale: mass hysteria; mass radiography.
12. consisting of a mass or large number, esp of people: a mass meeting.
vb
to form (people or things) or (of people or things) to join together into a mass: the crowd massed outside the embassy.
[C14: from Old French masse, from Latin massa that which forms a lump, from Greek maza barley cake; perhaps related to Greek massein to knead]
massed adj
massedly adv

Mass

(mæs; mɑːs)
n
1. (Ecclesiastical Terms) (in the Roman Catholic Church and certain Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist. See also High Mass, Low Mass
2. (Music, other) a musical setting of those parts of the Eucharistic service sung by choir or congregation
[Old English mæsse, from Church Latin missa, ultimately from Latin mittere to send away; perhaps derived from the concluding dismissal in the Roman Mass, Ite, missa est, Go, it is the dismissal]

mass

(mæs)

n.
1. a body of coherent matter, usu. of indefinite shape: a mass of dough.
2. a collection of incoherent particles, parts, or objects regarded as forming one body: a mass of sand.
3. aggregate; whole: People, in the mass, mean well.
4. a considerable number or quantity: a mass of errors.
5. bulk; massiveness: towers of great mass and strength.
6. the greater part of something: the great mass of American films.
7. Physics. the quantity of matter as determined from its weight or from Newton's second law of motion. Abbr.: m
8. the masses, the ordinary or common people as a whole.
adj.
9. pertaining to, involving, or affecting a large number of people: mass unemployment.
10. participated in or performed by a large number of people: mass demonstrations.
11. involving or characteristic of the mass of the people: a mass audience.
12. designed to reach a large number of people: mass communications.
13. done on a large scale: mass destruction.
v.i.
14. to come together in or form a mass: clouds massing in the west.
v.t.
15. to assemble or distribute in a mass: houses massed in blocks.
[1350–1400; < Latin massa mass < Greek mâza barley cake]

mass

(mæs)

n.
1. (often cap.) the liturgy of the Eucharist. Compare high mass, low mass.
2. (often cap.) the celebration of the Eucharist.
3. a musical setting of the mass.
[before 900; Old English mæsse < Vulgar Latin *messa, Late Latin missa, formally feminine of Latin missus, past participle of mittere to send]

Mass.

Massachusetts.

mass

(măs)
A measure of the amount of matter contained in a physical body. Mass is independent of gravity and is therefore different from weight. See Note at weight.

mass

1. The concentration of combat power.
2. The military formation in which units are spaced at less than the normal distances and intervals.

Mass

 a large quantity; the whole quantity or the larger amount; a dense collection of objects seeming to form one body; the populace of the lower orders: the masses, 1837. See also bulk.
Examples: mass of abuses, 1867; of bruises; of bullion, 1630; of colours, 1716; of confusion, 1647; of evidence, 1865; of evil, 1855; of faults; of folly, 1616; of fountains, 1626; of heresies, 1623; of letters, 1879; of mankind, 1713; of mistakes; of money, 1568; of people, 1837; of prejudice, 1855; of priests; of sand; of seeds, 1766; of stones, 1660; of treasures; of violets, 1845; of water; solid mass of living, 1875.

mass


Past participle: massed
Gerund: massing

Imperative
mass
mass
Present
I mass
you mass
he/she/it masses
we mass
you mass
they mass
Preterite
I massed
you massed
he/she/it massed
we massed
you massed
they massed
Present Continuous
I am massing
you are massing
he/she/it is massing
we are massing
you are massing
they are massing
Present Perfect
I have massed
you have massed
he/she/it has massed
we have massed
you have massed
they have massed
Past Continuous
I was massing
you were massing
he/she/it was massing
we were massing
you were massing
they were massing
Past Perfect
I had massed
you had massed
he/she/it had massed
we had massed
you had massed
they had massed
Future
I will mass
you will mass
he/she/it will mass
we will mass
you will mass
they will mass
Future Perfect
I will have massed
you will have massed
he/she/it will have massed
we will have massed
you will have massed
they will have massed
Future Continuous
I will be massing
you will be massing
he/she/it will be massing
we will be massing
you will be massing
they will be massing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been massing
you have been massing
he/she/it has been massing
we have been massing
you have been massing
they have been massing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been massing
you will have been massing
he/she/it will have been massing
we will have been massing
you will have been massing
they will have been massing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been massing
you had been massing
he/she/it had been massing
we had been massing
you had been massing
they had been massing
Conditional
I would mass
you would mass
he/she/it would mass
we would mass
you would mass
they would mass
Past Conditional
I would have massed
you would have massed
he/she/it would have massed
we would have massed
you would have massed
they would have massed

Mass

1. A musical setting of the Liturgy of the Eucharist.
2. The amount of matter in a body.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mass - the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational fieldmass - the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field
physical property - any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
body - the main mass of a thing
biomass - the total mass of living matter in a given unit area
critical mass - the minimum mass of fissionable material that can sustain a chain reaction
rest mass - (physics) the mass of a body as measured when the body is at rest relative to an observer, an inherent property of the body
relativistic mass - (physics) the mass of a body in motion relative to the observer: it is equal to the rest mass multiplied by a factor that is greater than 1 and that increases as the magnitude of the velocity increases
bulk - the property possessed by a large mass
gravitational mass - (physics) the mass of a body as measured by its gravitational attraction for other bodies
inertial mass - (physics) the mass of a body as determined by the second law of motion from the acceleration of the body when it is subjected to a force that is not due to gravity
atomic mass, atomic weight, relative atomic mass - (chemistry) the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mass units
mass energy - (physics) the mass of a body regarded relativistically as energy
molecular weight, relative molecular mass - (chemistry) the sum of the relative atomic masses of the constituent atoms of a molecule
mass defect, mass deficiency - the amount by which the mass of an atomic nucleus is less than the sum of the masses of its constituent particles
fundamental measure, fundamental quantity - one of the four quantities that are the basis of systems of measurement
2.mass - (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extentmass - (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; "a batch of letters"; "a deal of trouble"; "a lot of money"; "he made a mint on the stock market"; "see the rest of the winners in our huge passel of photos"; "it must have cost plenty"; "a slew of journalists"; "a wad of money"
large indefinite amount, large indefinite quantity - an indefinite quantity that is above the average in size or magnitude
deluge, flood, inundation, torrent - an overwhelming number or amount; "a flood of requests"; "a torrent of abuse"
haymow - a mass of hay piled up in a barn for preservation
3.mass - an ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or people)
aggregation, collection, accumulation, assemblage - several things grouped together or considered as a whole
logjam - an immovable mass of logs blocking a river
shock - a bushy thick mass (especially hair); "he had an unruly shock of black hair"
4.mass - (Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the EucharistMass - (Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist
religious ceremony, religious ritual - a ceremony having religious meaning
High Mass - a solemn and elaborate Mass with music
Low Mass - a Mass recited without music
Requiem - a Mass celebrated for the dead
Church of Rome, Roman Catholic Church, Roman Church, Western Church, Roman Catholic - the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
Protestant Church, Protestant - the Protestant churches and denominations collectively
5.mass - a body of matter without definite shape; "a huge ice mass"
body - an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; "heavenly body"
coprolith, faecalith, fecalith, stercolith - a hard mass of fecal matter
drift - a large mass of material that is heaped up by the wind or by water currents
mat - a mass that is densely tangled or interwoven; "a mat of weeds and grass"
mush, pulp - any soft or soggy mass; "he pounded it to a pulp"
6.mass - the common people generallymass - the common people generally; "separate the warriors from the mass"; "power to the people"
group, grouping - any number of entities (members) considered as a unit
laity, temporalty - in Christianity, members of a religious community that do not have the priestly responsibilities of ordained clergy
audience - the part of the general public interested in a source of information or entertainment; "every artist needs an audience"; "the broadcast reached an audience of millions"
followers, following - a group of followers or enthusiasts
7.mass - the property of something that is great in magnitude; "it is cheaper to buy it in bulk"; "he received a mass of correspondence"; "the volume of exports"
magnitude - the property of relative size or extent (whether large or small); "they tried to predict the magnitude of the explosion"; "about the magnitude of a small pea"
dollar volume, turnover - the volume measured in dollars; "the store's dollar volume continues to rise"
8.Mass - a musical setting for a Mass; "they played a Mass composed by Beethoven"
High Mass - a solemn and elaborate Mass with music
church music, religious music - genre of music composed for performance as part of religious ceremonies
Requiem - a musical setting for a Mass celebrating the dead
9.Mass - a sequence of prayers constituting the Christian Eucharistic rite; "the priest said Mass"
prayer - a fixed text used in praying
Verb1.mass - join together into a mass or collect or form a mass; "Crowds were massing outside the palace"
press - crowd closely; "The crowds pressed along the street"
crowd together, crowd - to gather together in large numbers; "men in straw boaters and waxed mustaches crowded the verandah"
Adj.1.mass - formed of separate units gathered into a mass or whole; "aggregate expenses include expenses of all divisions combined for the entire year"; "the aggregated amount of indebtedness"
collective - forming a whole or aggregate

mass

noun
2. piece, block, lump, chunk, hunk, concretion Cut it up before it cools and sets into a solid mass.
3. majority, body, bulk, best part, greater part, almost all, lion's share, preponderance The Second World War involved the mass of the population.
4. crowd, group, body, pack, lot, army, host, band, troop, drove, crush, bunch (informal), mob, flock, herd, number, horde, multitude, throng, rabble, assemblage A mass of excited people clogged the street.
5. size, matter, weight, extent, dimensions, bulk, magnitude, greatness Pluto and Triton have nearly the same mass and density.
6. collection, body, whole, sum, aggregate, entirety, totality, sum total The enormous mass of evidence also includes 1,000 witness statements.
adjective
1. large-scale, general, popular, widespread, extensive, universal, wholesale, indiscriminate, pandemic ideas on combating mass unemployment
verb
1. gather, assemble, accumulate, collect, rally, mob, muster, swarm, amass, throng, congregate, foregather Shortly after the announcement, police began to mass at the shipyard.
the masses the multitude, the crowd, the mob, the common people, the great unwashed (derogatory), the hoi polloi, the commonalty His music is commercial. It is aimed at the masses.

mass

noun
1. A separate and distinct portion of matter:
3. A group of things gathered haphazardly:
4. A great deal:
Informal: barrel, heap, lot, pack, peck, pile.
Regional: power, sight.
5. An enormous number of persons gathered together:
6. A very large number of things grouped together:
7. The greatest part or portion:
8. Great extent, amount, or dimension:
amplitude, bulk, magnitude, size, volume (often used in plural).
9. The common people.Used in plural:
common (used in plural), commonality, commonalty, commoner (used in plural), crowd, hoi polloi, mob, pleb (used in plural), plebeian (used in plural), populace, public, ruck, third estate.
Translations
الجُزء الرَّئيسيجَماعيقُدّاسُقُدّاس في الكنيسَهكُتْلَه
hmotnostmšenaprostá většinasoustřeďovat sespousta
messemassemasse-størstedelmængde
messupääosasuuri joukkokasatakerätä
misamasa
miseösszegyűjtösszehordtömeg
fjölda-massimassi; hrúga; klumpur; fjöldimeginhlutimessa
ミサ大量
미사풍성한
liels daudzumsmasamasasmasu-masveida-
massamismisdienstmisvierenophopen
hmotnosťmasový
masamašamnožicamnožičengmota
massamässa
จำนวนมากพิธีมิสซา
kütletopla maktopluyığ makyığın
khối lượnglễ ban thánh thể

mass

1 [mæs] N (Rel) → misa f
to go to massir a misa, oír misa
to hear massoír misa
to say massdecir misa

mass

2 [mæs]
A. N
1. (= concentration) → masa f
the garden was a mass of colourel jardín era una masa de color
she had a mass of auburn hairtenía una mata de pelo castaño rojizo
he's a mass of bruisesestá cubierto de cardenales
the (great) mass of the populationla (gran) masa de la población
in the massen conjunto
see also air D
see also critical B
2. masses (= great quantity) → montones mpl, cantidad fsing
there's masses of work for her to dohay montones or cantidad de trabajo para ella
masses of people crowded insideuna masa de gente entró en tropel
3. the masses (= ordinary people) → las masas
4. (Phys) → masa f
B. VTconcentrar
C. VI [people, crowds, troops] → concentrarse; [clouds] → agruparse
D. CPD [movement, action] → de masas; [protest, unemployment, support] → masivo; [hysteria, suicide] → colectivo; [tourism] → en masa
mass exodus Néxodo m masivo or en masa
mass grave Nfosa f común
mass killing Nmatanza f, masacre f
mass market Nmercado m popular
mass media NPLmedios mpl de comunicación (de masas)
mass meeting Nconcentración f de masas
mass murder Nmatanza f, masacre f
mass murderer Nautor(a) m/f de una matanza or masacre
mass noun Nsustantivo m or nombre m no contable
mass number Nnúmero m de masa
mass production Nfabricación f en serie
mass transit N (US) → transporte m público

mass

[ˈmæs]
n
(= large number) → masse f
a mass of sth
a mass of books and papers → une masse de livres et de papiers
The courtyard was a mass of flowers → La cour était couverte de fleurs.
(= large amount) → masse f
a mass of sth
There is a mass of detail to be worked out → Il y a une masse de détails à régler.
the mass of paper we have accumulated → la masse de papier que nous avons accumulée
a mass of rubble → un amas de débris
masses of (= lots of) → des masses de
(PHYSICS)masse f
(RELIGION)messe f
to go to mass → aller à la messe
We go to mass on Sunday → Nous allons à la messe le dimanche.
to say mass → dire la messe
npl
the masses (= ordinary people) → les masses fpl
vi (= congregate) → se masser
vt [+ troops] → masser
modif [culture] → de masse; [unemployment] → de masse; [exodus] → de masse mass movement, mass transit, mass destruction, weapons of mass destruction

mass

:
mass culture
nMassenkultur f
mass destruction
nMassenvernichtung f; weapons of massMassenvernichtungswaffen pl

mass

:
mass funeral
nMassenbegräbnis nt
mass grave
nMassengrab nt
mass hysteria

mass

:
mass killing
nMassenmord m
mass market
nMassenmarkt m
mass-market
adj mass paperbacksTaschenbücher plfür den Massenmarkt
mass marketing
mass media
plMassenmedien pl
mass meeting
nMassenveranstaltung f; (in company) → Betriebsversammlung f; (of trade union)Vollversammlung f; (Pol) → Massenkundgebung f
mass murderer
nMassenmörder(in) m(f)
mass murders
plMassenmord m
mass number
n (Phys) → Massenzahl f
mass-produce
vtin Massenproduktion herstellen; cars, engines etcserienweise herstellen
mass-produced
adj mass itemsMassenartikel pl; it looks as though it was massdas sieht sehr nach Massenware aus
mass production
mass protests
plMassenproteste pl
mass psychology
mass rally
mass storage (device)
n (Comput) → Massenspeicher m
mass survey
n (Med) → Reihenuntersuchung f
mass tourism
mass unemployment

mass

1
n (Eccl) → Messe f; High MassHochamt nt; to go to masszur Messe gehen; to hear massdie Messe feiern; to say massdie Messe lesen

mass

2
n
(general, Phys) → Masse f; (of people)Menge f; a mass of snoweine Schneemasse; a mass of rubbleein Schutthaufen m; the mass of rubbleder Haufen Schutt; a mass of cold aireine kalte Luftmasse; a mass of red hairein Wust mroter Haare; a mass of flamesein einziges Flammenmeer; this confused mass of thoughtsdieser wirre Gedankenwust; the essay is one great mass of spelling mistakesder Aufsatz wimmelt nur so von Schreibfehlern; he’s a mass of bruiseser ist voller blauer Flecken; the garden is a mass of yellow/colour (Brit) or color (US) → der Garten ist ein Meer ntvon Gelb/ein Farbenmeer nt; the massesdie Masse (→ n pl); the great mass of the populationdie (breite) Masse der Bevölkerung; the nation in the massdie breite(n) Volksmasse(n); people, in the mass, prefer …die breite Masse (der Menschen) zieht es vor, …
(= bulk) the great mass of the mountainsdas riesige Bergmassiv; the huge mass of the ship loomed up out of the nightdie riesige Form des Schiffes tauchte aus der Nacht auf
masses pl (inf)massenhaft, eine Masse (inf); he has masses of money/timeer hat massenhaft or massig (inf)or eine Masse (inf)Geld/Zeit; the factory is producing masses of carsdie Fabrik produziert Unmengen von Autos; I’ve got masses (of things) to doich habe noch massig (inf)zu tun
vt troopsmassieren, zusammenziehen
vi (Mil) → sich massieren; (Red Indians etc)sich versammeln; (clouds)sich (zusammen)ballen; they’re massing for an attacksie sammeln sich zum Angriff

mass

1 [mæs] n (Rel) → messa
to say mass → dire (la) messa
to go to mass → andare a or alla messa

mass

2 [mæs]
1. n (gen) → massa, moltitudine f (Phys) → massa
he's a mass of bruises → è coperto di lividi
in the mass → nella gran maggioranza
the masses → le masse
masses (of) (fam) → un sacco (di), un mucchio (di)
2. vi (Mil) → adunarsi, concentrarsi; (crowd) → radunarsi, ammassarsi; (clouds) → addensarsi
3. vtadunare
4. adj (culture, demonstration) → di massa; (education) → delle masse; (hysteria) → collettivo/a; (murders) → in massa

mass1

(mӕs) noun
1. a large lump or quantity, gathered together. a mass of concrete/people.
2. a large quantity. I've masses of work / things to do.
3. the bulk, principal part or main body. The mass of people are in favour of peace.
4. (a) measure of the quantity of matter in an object. The mass of the rock is 500 kilos.
verb
to bring or come together in large numbers or quantities. The troops massed for an attack.
adjective
of large quantities or numbers. mass murder; a mass meeting.
ˌmass-proˈduced adjective
(of goods) all exactly the same and produced in great numbers or quantity. mass-produced plastic toys.
ˌmass-proˈduce verb
ˌmass-proˈduction noun
the mass media
those channels of communication (TV, radio, newspapers etc) that reach large numbers of people.

mass2

(mӕs) noun
1. (a) celebration, especially in the Roman Catholic church, of Christ's last meal (Last Supper) with his disciples. What time do you go to Mass?
2. a setting to music of some of the words used in this service.

mass

قُدّاسُ, مِقْدَارٌ كَبِيرٌ masa, mše masse, messe Masse, Messe λειτουργία, μάζα masa, misa messu, suuri joukko masse, messe masa, misa massa, messa ミサ, 大量 미사, 풍성한 massa, mis mengde, messe mnóstwo, msza missa, montão масса, месса massa, mässa จำนวนมาก, พิธีมิสซา ayin, kütle khối lượng, lễ ban thánh thể 大量, 弥撒

mass

n. masa, cuerpo formado de partículas coherentes.
tumor.

mass

n masa; (tumor) masa, tumor m; a suspicious mass..una masa sospechosa; bone — masa ósea; muscle — masa muscular
References in classic literature ?
She caught endless colds sitting on damp grass to book `delicious bit', composed of a stone, a stump, one mushroom, and a broken mullein stalk, or `a heavenly mass of clouds', that looked like a choice display of featherbeds when done.
Oh, you Wing Biddlebaum, comb your hair, it's falling into your eyes," commanded the voice to the man, who was bald and whose ner- vous little hands fiddled about the bare white fore- head as though arranging a mass of tangled locks.
This species of snake is not poisonous, and kills its prey by crushing it to death, making it into a pulpy mass, with scarcely a bone left unbroken, after which it swallows its meal.
I had seen ice on the little horsepond that morning, and as we went through the garden we found the tall asparagus, with its red berries, lying on the ground, a mass of slimy green.
A good many persons of the pension had gone over to the Cheniere Caminada in Beaudelet's lugger to hear mass.
While in view of their admiring comrades, the same proud front and ordered array was observed, until the notes of their fifes growing fainter in distance, the forest at length appeared to swallow up the living mass which had slowly entered its bosom.
Carr, who had dined with his friends under the excuse of not adding to the awkwardness of the first day's housekeeping returned late at night with a mass of papers and drawings, into which he afterwards withdrew, but not until he had delivered himself of a mysterious package entrusted to him by the young men for his daughters.
It was like the heavy mass of clouds which we may often see obscuring the sky, and making a gray twilight everywhere, until, towards nightfall, it yields temporarily to a glimpse of sunshine.
What I saw in him -- as evidently as the indestructible ramparts of Old Ticonderoga, already cited as the most appropriate simile -- was the features of stubborn and ponderous endurance, which might well have amounted to obstinacy in his earlier days; of integrity, that, like most of his other endowments, lay in a somewhat heavy mass, and was just as unmalleable or unmanageable as a ton of iron ore; and of benevolence which, fiercely as he led the bayonets on at Chippewa or Fort Erie, I take to be of quite as genuine a stamp as what actuates any or all the polemical philanthropists of the age.
They had, as it were, an extent and mass for which I had not been prepared and in the presence of which I found myself, freshly, a little scared as well as a little proud.
But what most puzzled and confounded you was a long, limber, portentous, black mass of something hovering in the centre of the picture over three blue, dim, perpendicular lines floating in a nameless yeast.
Assuming the blubber to be the skin of the whale; then, when this skin, as in the case of a very large Sperm Whale, will yield the bulk of one hundred barrels of oil; and, when it is considered that, in quantity, or rather weight, that oil, in its expressed state, is only three fourths, and not the entire substance of the coat; some idea may hence be had of the enormousness of that animated mass, a mere part of whose mere integument yields such a lake of liquid as that.