massed practice


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massed practice

n
(Psychology) psychol learning with no intervals or short intervals between successive bouts of learning. Compare distributed practice
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A single subject alternating treatment design was used to compare the relative effectiveness of one-to-one embedded instruction in the general education classroom and one-to-one massed practice instruction in a special education class.
The primary difference from traditional teaching formats is that the instructional trials are distributed within and across class activities rather than being presented rapidly one after the other in a massed practice format.
McDonnell (1996) compared the effects of massed practice instruction to a combined massed practice and distributed practice format on the acquisition, transfer, and generalization of prompted requests for five students with developmental disabilities.
The dependent measures used to compare the relative effectiveness of one-to-one embedded and one-to-one massed practice were the percent of correct responding during testing probes, total trials to criterion, and the perceptions of the teacher and paraprofessional regarding the utility and acceptability of the two instructional formats.
Birmingham University director of postgraduate programmes in educational psychology Sue Morris says: "There is very well-founded research evidence which supports the effectiveness of structured schemes that Ensure masteryearning of each successive step in the sequence, before pupils move on to the next step Include interleaved earning, where earners continue to practice the established', recently mastered skills in addition to practising the new (next step) target skills, to ensure thatthe skills become integrated n Allow fordistributed practice of skills, that is 'little and often', rather than massed practice, that is longer, but less frequent sessions
However, Ammons (1947), Harmon and Oxendine (1961) and Young (1954) have indicated that massed practice is also effective.