material


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Related to material: materiel, Material Design, Material science

ma·te·ri·al

 (mə-tîr′ē-əl)
n.
1. The substance or substances out of which a thing is or can be made.
2. Something, such as an idea or information, that is to be refined and made or incorporated into a finished effort: material for a comedy.
3. materials Tools or apparatus for the performance of a given task: writing materials.
4. Yard goods or cloth.
5. A person who is qualified or suited for a position or activity: The members of the board felt that she was vice-presidential material.
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or composed of matter.
2. Of, relating to, or affecting physical well-being; bodily: "the moral and material welfare of all good citizens" (Theodore Roosevelt).
3. Of or concerned with the physical as distinct from the intellectual or spiritual: "Great men are they who see that spiritual is stronger than any material force, that thoughts rule the world" (Ralph Waldo Emerson).
4. Being both relevant and consequential; crucial: testimony material to the inquiry. See Synonyms at relevant.
5. Philosophy Of or relating to the matter of reasoning, rather than the form.

[Middle English, consisting of matter, material, from Old French, from Late Latin māteriālis, from Latin māteria, matter; see māter- in Indo-European roots.]

material

(məˈtɪərɪəl)
n
1. the substance of which a thing is made or composed; component or constituent matter: raw material.
2. facts, notes, etc, that a finished work may be based on or derived from: enough material for a book.
3. (Textiles) cloth or fabric
4. a person who has qualities suitable for a given occupation, training, etc: that boy is not university material.
adj
5. of, relating to, or composed of physical substance; corporeal
6. (Philosophy) philosophy composed of or relating to physical as opposed to mental or spiritual substance: the material world.
7. of, relating to, or affecting economic or physical wellbeing: material ease.
8. of or concerned with physical rather than spiritual interests
9. of great import or consequence: of material benefit to the workers.
10. (often foll by to) relevant
11. (Philosophy) philosophy of or relating to matter as opposed to form
12. (Law) law relevant to the issue before court: applied esp to facts or testimony of much significance: a material witness.
[C14: via French from Late Latin māteriālis, from Latin māteria matter]
maˈterialness n

ma•te•ri•al

(məˈtɪər i əl)

n.
1. the substance of which something is made or composed.
2. something that serves as crude or raw matter to be used or developed.
3. a constituent element.
4. a textile fabric.
5. ideas or facts that can provide the basis for or be incorporated into some work: to gather material for a book.
6. materials, the articles or apparatus needed to make or do something: writing materials.
7. a person considered as suited to a particular sphere of activity: college material.
adj.
8. formed or consisting of matter; physical; corporeal: the material world.
9. relating to, concerned with, or involving matter: material forces.
10. pertaining to the physical rather than the spiritual or intellectual aspect of things: material comforts.
11. worldly; not spiritual.
12. important: to make a material difference.
13. pertinent: a material question.
14. likely to influence the determination of a case: material evidence.
15. of or pertaining to matter as distinguished from form.
[1300–50; < Late Latin māteriālis of, belonging to matter]
ma•te′ri•al•ly, adv.
ma•te′ri•al•ness, n.
syn: See matter.
See Materials, Properties of
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.material - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical objectmaterial - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
ballast - any heavy material used to stabilize a ship or airship
bedding material, bedding, litter - material used to provide a bed for animals
rind - the natural outer covering of food (usually removed before eating)
precursor - a substance from which another substance is formed (especially by a metabolic reaction)
corpuscle, mote, particle, speck, molecule, atom - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
ammunition - any nuclear or chemical or biological material that can be used as a weapon of mass destruction
floc, floccule - a small loosely aggregated mass of flocculent material suspended in or precipitated from a liquid
HAZMAT - an abbreviation for `hazardous material' used on warning signs; "NO HAZMATS IN TUNNEL"
aggregate - material such as sand or gravel used with cement and water to make concrete, mortar, or plaster
raw material, staple - material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing
sorbate - a material that has been or is capable of being taken up by another substance by either absorption or adsorption
sorbent, sorbent material - a material that sorbs another substance; i.e. that has the capacity or tendency to take it up by either absorption or adsorption
diamagnet - a substance that exhibits diamagnetism
mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
rock, stone - material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries"
adhesive, adhesive agent, adhesive material - a substance that unites or bonds surfaces together
sealing material - any substance used to seal joints or fill cracks in a porous surface
animal material - material derived from animals
fluff - any light downy material
bimetal - material made by bonding together sheets of two different metals
abradant, abrasive, abrasive material - a substance that abrades or wears down
chemical, chemical substance - material produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
composite material - strong lightweight material developed in the laboratory; fibers of more than one kind are bonded together chemically
conductor - a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
dielectric, insulator, nonconductor - a material such as glass or porcelain with negligible electrical or thermal conductivity
contaminant, contamination - a substance that contaminates
particulate, particulate matter - a small discrete mass of solid or liquid matter that remains individually dispersed in gas or liquid emissions (usually considered to be an atmospheric pollutant)
dust - free microscopic particles of solid material; "astronomers say that the empty space between planets actually contains measurable amounts of dust"
elastomer - any of various elastic materials that resemble rubber (resumes its original shape when a deforming force is removed)
earth, ground - the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface; "they dug into the earth outside the church"
emission, discharge - a substance that is emitted or released
detritus - loose material (stone fragments and silt etc) that is worn away from rocks
waste, waste material, waste matter, waste product - any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted; "they collect the waste once a week"; "much of the waste material is carried off in the sewers"
fiber, fibre - a slender and greatly elongated substance capable of being spun into yarn
filling, fill - any material that fills a space or container; "there was not enough fill for the trench"
foam - a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture
homogenate - material that has been homogenized (especially tissue that has been ground and mixed); "liver homogenate"
humate - material that is high in humic acids
impregnation - material with which something is impregnated; "the impregnation, whatever it was, had turned the rock blue"
paper - a material made of cellulose pulp derived mainly from wood or rags or certain grasses
packing, packing material, wadding - any material used especially to protect something
coloring material, colour, colouring material, color - any material used for its color; "she used a different color for the trim"
2.material - information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished formmaterial - information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form; "the archives provided rich material for a definitive biography"
info, information - a message received and understood
rehash - old material that is slightly reworked and used again; "merely a dull rehash of his first novel"
copy - material suitable for a journalistic account; "catastrophes make good copy"
3.material - artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibersmaterial - artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers; "the fabric in the curtains was light and semitransparent"; "woven cloth originated in Mesopotamia around 5000 BC"; "she measured off enough material for a dress"
artefact, artifact - a man-made object taken as a whole
aba - a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair
acrylic - a synthetic fabric
Aertex - a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear
alpaca - a thin glossy fabric made of the wool of the Lama pacos, or made of a rayon or cotton imitation of that wool
baize - a bright green fabric napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming tables
basket weave - a cloth woven of two or more threads interlaced to suggest the weave of a basket
batik - a dyed fabric; a removable wax is used where the dye is not wanted
batiste - a thin plain-weave cotton or linen fabric; used for shirts or dresses
belting - the material of which belts are made
bombazine - a twilled fabric used for dresses; the warp is silk and the weft is worsted; "black bombazine is frequently used for mourning garments"
boucle - a fabric of uneven yarn that has an uneven knobby effect
broadcloth - a closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib
broadcloth - a densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish
brocade - thick heavy expensive material with a raised pattern
buckram - a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing
bunting - a loosely woven fabric used for flags, etc.
calico - coarse cloth with a bright print
cambric - a finely woven white linen
camelhair, camel's hair - a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel
camlet - a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair
camo, camouflage - fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background
canopy - the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
canvas, canvass - a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)
cashmere - a soft fabric made from the wool of the Cashmere goat
cerecloth - a waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud
challis - a soft lightweight fabric (usually printed)
chambray - a lightweight fabric woven with white threads across a colored warp
chenille - a heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads
chiffon - a sheer fabric of silk or rayon
chino - a coarse twilled cotton fabric frequently used for uniforms
chintz - a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric
coating - a heavy fabric suitable for coats
cobweb - a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider
corduroy, cord - a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton
cotton - fabric woven from cotton fibers
Canton flannel, cotton flannel - a stout cotton fabric with nap on only one side
crape, crepe - a soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface
cretonne - an unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies
crinoline - a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing
damask - a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it
dungaree, jean, denim - a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
diamante - fabric covered with glittering ornaments such as sequins or rhinestones
diaper - a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures
dimity - a strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains
doeskin - a fine smooth soft woolen fabric
drapery - cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds
duck - a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents
duffel, duffle - a coarse heavy woolen fabric
edging - border consisting of anything placed on the edge to finish something (such as a fringe on clothing or on a rug)
elastic - a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material
etamin, etamine - a soft cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.
faille - a ribbed woven fabric of silk or rayon or cotton
felt - a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers
vulcanized fiber, fibre, fiber - a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth
flannel - a soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing
flannelette - a cotton fabric imitating flannel
fleece - a soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing
foulard - a light plain-weave or twill-weave silk or silklike fabric (usually with a printed design)
4.material - things needed for doing or making somethingmaterial - things needed for doing or making something; "writing materials"; "useful teaching materials"
equipment - an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
packaging - material used to make packages
railing - material for making rails or rails collectively
roofing - material used to construct a roof
5.material - a person judged suitable for admission or employment; "he was university material"; "she was vice-presidential material"
applicant, applier - a person who requests or seeks something such as assistance or employment or admission
Adj.1.material - concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interestsmaterial - concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests; "material possessions"; "material wealth"; "material comforts"
worldly, secular, temporal - characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world as opposed to the spiritual world; "worldly goods and advancement"; "temporal possessions of the church"
2.material - derived from or composed of matter; "the material universe"
substantial, material, real - having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary; "the substantial world"; "a mere dream, neither substantial nor practical"; "most ponderous and substantial things"- Shakespeare
nonmaterial, immaterial - not consisting of matter; "immaterial apparitions"; "ghosts and other immaterial entities"
3.material - directly relevant to a matter especially a law case; "his support made a material difference"; "evidence material to the issue at hand"; "facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts"; "a material witness"
immaterial - of no importance or relevance especially to a law case; "an objection that is immaterial after the fact"
4.material - concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-beingmaterial - concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being; "material needs"; "the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt
physical - involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit; "physical exercise"; "physical suffering"; "was sloppy about everything but her physical appearance"
5.material - having material or physical form or substance; "that which is created is of necessity corporeal and visible and tangible" - Benjamin Jowett
bodied - having a body or a body of a specified kind; often used in combination; "strong-bodied"; "big-bodied"
6.material - having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary; "the substantial world"; "a mere dream, neither substantial nor practical"; "most ponderous and substantial things"- Shakespeare
material - derived from or composed of matter; "the material universe"

material

noun
1. substance, body, matter, stuff, elements, constituents the decomposition of organic material
2. cloth, stuff, fabric, textile the thick material of her skirt
3. information, work, details, facts, notes, evidence, particulars, data, info (informal), subject matter, documentation In my version of the story, I added some new material.
plural noun
1. stuff, things, articles, items, necessaries loo rolls, light bulbs, cleaning materials

material

noun
1. That from which things are or can be made:
Idiom: grist for one's mill.
2. Things needed for a task, journey, or other purpose.Used in plural:
accouterment (often used in plural), apparatus, equipment, gear, materiel, outfit, paraphernalia, rig, tackle, thing (used in plural), turnout.
3. The basic substance or essential elements of character that qualify a person for a specified role:
adjective
1. Composed of or relating to things that occupy space and can be perceived by the senses:
2. Of or preoccupied with material rather than spiritual or intellectual things:
3. Related to the matter at hand:
Idiom: to the point.
Translations
جَوْهَري، أساسي، مُهِمقُمَاشقِماشمَادَّةٌمادَّه
materiállátkamateriálnípodstatnýhmotný
materialestofmaterielstofligverdslig
ŝtofo
materiaaliraaka-ainekangas
materijal
anyagi
efniefni, vefnaîarvaraefnislegur, efnis-mikilvægur, nauîsynlegurveraldlegur, veraldar-
材料生地
재료직물
įgyti materialų pavidaląmaterialiaimaterialinismaterializacijamaterialus
audumsbūtisks, svarīgsmateriālsmateriāls, mantisks
materiálmateriálny
blagogradivomaterialmaterialenpotrebščine
materialmaterielltyg
ผ้าวัสดุ
vảivật liệu

material

[məˈtɪərɪəl]
A. ADJ
1. (= physical) [goods, needs, comforts, benefits, damage] → material
to do sth for material gainhacer algo para obtener un beneficio material
material possessionsbienes mpl materiales
the material worldel mundo físico
2. (= important) [reason] → importante, de peso, fundamental
3. (Jur) (= relevant) [fact] → pertinente; [witness] → primordial, principal
material evidencepruebas fpl sustanciales
to be material to sthser pertinente a algo
B. N
1. (= cloth) → tela f, tejido m
2. (= substance) → materia f, material m
natural materialsmaterias fpl naturales, materiales mpl naturales
raw materialsmaterias fpl primas
3. materials (= equipment, components) → material(es) m(pl)
building materialsmaterial(es) m(pl) de construcción
teaching materialsmaterial(es) m(pl) didácticos
writing materialsartículos mpl de escritorio
4. (= information) → datos mpl, información f
they researched a lot of background material for the bookrecogieron muchos datos or mucha información antes de escribir el libro
she was busy gathering material for her articleestaba ocupada recogiendo datos or información para su artículo
5. (= potential) he is university materialtiene madera de universitario
he is not management materialno tiene madera de jefe

material

[məˈtɪəriəl]
n
(= substance) → matériau m
(= cloth) → tissu m
(= ideas, information) → matériel m, matériaux mpl
I'm collecting material for my project → Je rassemble des matériaux pour mon projet., Je rassemble du matériel pour mon projet. reading material
adj
[possessions, benefit, advantage] → matériel(le)
(= physical) [world, thing] → matériel(le)
the material world → le monde matériel
(= important) → matériel(le)
(= relevant) material evidence → preuve f matérielle
(= actual) in material breach of sth → en violation patente de qch materials
npl (used for work)matériaux mpl
writing materials → matériel d'écriture

material

adj
(= of matter, things)materiell; material damageSachschaden m
(= physical) needs, comfortsmateriell
(esp Jur: = important) evidence, witnesswesentlich; differencegrundlegend, wesentlich; fact, informationrelevant; that’s not materialdas ist nicht relevant
n
Material nt; (for report, novel etc) → Stoff m; he’s good editorial materialer hat das Zeug zum Redakteur; this group would be good material for our showdiese Band wäre für unsere Show ganz brauchbar
materials plMaterial nt; building materialsBaustoffe pl, → Baumaterial nt; raw materialsRohstoffe pl; writing materialsSchreibzeug nt
(= cloth)Stoff m, → Material nt

material

[məˈtɪərɪəl]
1. adj
a. (things, needs, success) → materiale
b. (important) → sostanziale, essenziale; (relevant) material topertinente a (Law) (evidence) → determinante
a material witness → un testimone chiave
2. n
a. (substance) → materiale m, materia; (cloth) → stoffa, tessuto
she is university material → è una che dovrebbe continuare gli studi
he is officer material → ha la stoffa dell'ufficiale
b. (equipment) materials nploccorrente m
building materials → materiali mpl da costruzione
have you any writing materials? → hai l'occorrente per scrivere?
c. (for novel, report) → materiale m, documentazione f

material

(məˈtiəriəl) noun
1. anything out of which something is, or may be, made. Tables are usually made from solid material such as wood.
2. cloth. I'd like three metres of blue woollen material.
adjective
1. consisting of solid(s), liquid(s), gas(es) or any combination of these. the material world.
2. belonging to the world; not spiritual. He wanted material things like money, possessions and power.
3. essential or important. evidence that is material to his defence.
maˈterially adverb
to a great or important extent. Circumstances have changed materially.
maˈterialize, maˈterialise verb
1. to take solid or bodily form. The figure materialized as we watched with astonishment.
2. (of something expected or hoped for) to happen. I don't think her plans will materialize.
maˌterialiˈzation, maˌterialiˈsation noun

material

قُمَاش, مَادَّةٌ látka, materiál materiale, stof Material, Stoff υλικό material, tela kangas, materiaali étoffe, matière materijal materiale 材料, 生地 재료, 직물 materiaal material, materiale materiał material, tecido материал, ткань material, tyg ผ้า, วัสดุ malzeme vải, vật liệu 材料

ma·te·ri·al

n. materia; asunto;
a. material; esencial.

material

n material m
References in classic literature ?
Perhaps Meg felt, without understanding why, that they were not particularly cultivated or intelligent people, and that all their gilding could not quite conceal the ordinary material of which they were made.
The box contained material for make- up and had been left with other things by a theatrical company that had once been stranded in Wines- burg.
Incidentally the professor will gather in any other antiques of more or less value, if he can find any, and he hopes, even if he doesn't find the idol, to get enough historical material for half a dozen books, to say nothing of magazine articles.
There was nothing but land: not a country at all, but the material out of which countries are made.
Pontellier's mind was quite at rest concerning the present material needs of her children, and she could not see the use of anticipating and making winter night garments the subject of her summer meditations.
Notwithstanding the Hurons were necessarily ignorant of the little channels among the eddies and rapids of the stream, they knew the common signs of such a navigation too well to commit any material blunder.
Happily, their father, completely absorbed in a practical, scientific, and approving contemplation of the topography and material resources of the scene of his future labors, had no time to notice their defection.
Still, there will be a connection with the long past--a reference to forgotten events and personages, and to manners, feelings, and opinions, almost or wholly obsolete --which, if adequately translated to the reader, would serve to illustrate how much of old material goes to make up the freshest novelty of human life.
These supplied material for petty activity to a mind that would otherwise have been eaten up with rust.
In this way matters went on for some time, without producing any material effect on the relative situations of the contending powers.
This chance presented itself to me in an image richly material.
Old Captain Peleg, many years her chief-mate, before he commanded another vessel of his own, and now a retired seaman, and one of the principal owners of the Pequod, --this old Peleg, during the term of his chief-mateship, had built upon her original grotesqueness, and inlaid it, all over, with a quaintness both of material and device, unmatched by anything except it be Thorkill-Hake's carved buckler or bedstead.