82), these repeated invocations of matrilineage
subtly alter the conception of the overall social structure in Middleton's imagined Milan, loosening its connection to familiar patriarchal norms.
Every Akan belonged to an asafo group on their father's side, just as every person belonged to an abusua or matrilineage
, on their mother's side (Owusu, 1970:41).
While this term may be relatively new, "vulnerable" observation has a venerable history in black feminist writing, a matrilineage
linking early "race women," such as Anna Julia Cooper in the 1890s, with "New Negroes" such as Zora Neale Hurston at mid-twentieth century and "womanists" in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and beyond.
For instance, she made everyone at the women's seder introduce herself by her matrilineage
She discusses maternal healing in Morrison's Beloved and Cha's Dictee, reliving African matrilineage
in Perry's Stigmata and Jones' Corregidora, childhood scars and women's love in Perez's Gulf of Dreams and Allen's The Woman Who Owned the Shadows, and chaos and the absence of female bonds in Acker's works.
Formal bonding or marriage rituals probably developed in very early human societies, since it was important then as now to confer legitimacy of the children in relation to membership in whatever social unit was pertinent (tribe, clan, patrilineage, matrilineage
, nation-state, religious group, and so forth).
As noted earlier, unlike the men's lodge, the Sisters of Colombo based their membership on Italian patrilineage or matrilineage
Thus The Jacobs Family Papers forms a matrilineage
ensuing from John Horniblow's inheritance of Molly Horniblow in 1810 to Molly's great-granddaughter's death a century later.
The complex genealogy or matrilineage
of Suzan-Lori Parks's two Hesters against which contemporary audiences are likely to interpret the women's behavior underscores but ultimately reconciles the contradictions in their characters and behavior as mothers.
In 2003, Rabb took DNA tests for both his matrilineage
and patrilineage lines through AfricanAncestry.
Because spouses are not members of each other's matrilineage
, a widow does not inherit from her husband under customary law in matrilineal and double descent systems if he dies without leaving a will.
Even colonial regulations that abolished the bride-price, introduced the idea of consent, and established a minimum age for marriage did not directly threaten the Akan matrilineal descent system: childre born of marriage were still able to inherit from the matrilineage