# measurement

Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

## meas·ure·ment

(mĕzh′ər-mənt)
n.
1. The act of measuring or the process of being measured.
2. A system of measuring: measurement in miles.
3. The dimension, quantity, or capacity determined by measuring: the measurements of a room.

### CONVERSION BETWEEN METRIC AND U.S. CUSTOMARY UNITS

#### FROM U.S. CUSTOMARY TO METRIC

When You KnowMultiply ByTo Find
inches25.4millimeters
2.54centimeters
feet30.48centimeters
yards0.91meters
miles1.61kilometers
teaspoons4.93milliliters
tablespoons14.79milliliters
fluid ounces29.57milliliters
cups0.24liters
pints (liquid)0.47liters (liquid)
quarts (liquid)0.95liters (liquid)
gallons3.79liters
cubic feet0.028cubic meters
cubic yards0.76cubic meters
ounces28.35grams
pounds0.45kilograms
short tons (2,000 lbs)0.91metric tons
square inches6.45square centimeters
square feet0.09square meters
square yards0.84square meters
square miles2.59square kilometers
acres0.40hectares

#### FROM METRIC TO U.S. CUSTOMARY

When You KnowMultiply ByTo Find
millimeters0.04inches
centimeters0.39inches
meters3.28feet
1.09yards
kilometers0.62miles
milliliters0.20teaspoons
0.07tablespoons
0.03fluid ounces
liters (liquid)1.06quarts (liquid)
0.26gallons
4.23cups
2.12pints (liquid)
cubic meters35.31cubic feet
1.35cubic yards
grams0.035ounces
kilograms2.20pounds
metric tons (1,000 kg)1.10short tons
square centimeters0.155square inches
square meters1.20square yards
square kilometers0.39square miles
hectares2.47acres

#### TEMPERATURE CONVERSION BETWEEN CELSIUS AND FAHRENHEIT

 °C = (°F - 32) ÷ 1.8 °F = (°C × 1.8) + 32

### UNITS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM

The International System (abbreviated SI, for Système International, the French name for the system) was adopted in 1960 by the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures. An expanded and modified version of the metric system, the International System addresses the needs of modern science for additional and more accurate units of measurement. The key features of the International System are decimalization, a system of prefixes, and a standard defined in terms of an invariable physical measure.

#### BASE UNITS

The International System has base units from which all others in the system are derived. The standards for the base units, except for the kilogram, are defined by unchanging and reproducible physical occurences. For example, the meter is defined as the distance traveled by light in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second. The standard for the kilogram is a platinum-iridium cylinder kept at the International Bureau of Weights and Standards in Sèvres, France.

UnitQuantity Symbol
meter length m
kilogram mass kg
second time s
ampere electric current A
kelvin temperature K
mole amount of matter mol
candela luminous intensity cd

#### PREFIXES

A multiple of a unit in the International System is formed by adding a prefix to the name of that unit. The prefixes change the magnitude of the unit by orders of ten from 1024 to 10-24.

PrefixSymbolMultiplying Factor
yotta- Y 1024 = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
zetta- Z 1021 = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
exa- E 1018 = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000
peta- P1015 = 1,000,000,000,000,000
tera- T 1012 = 1,000,000,000,000
giga- G 109 = 1,000,000,000
mega- M 106 = 1,000,000
kilo- k 103 = 1,000
hecto- h 102 = 100
deca- da 10 = 10
deci- d 10-1 = 0.1
centi- c 10-2 = 0.01
milli- m 10-3 = 0.001
micro- μ 10-6 = 0.000,001
nano- n 10-9 = 0.000,000,001
pico- p 10-12 = 0.000,000,000,001
femto- f 10-15 = 0.000,000,000,000,001
atto- a 10-18 = 0.000,000,000,000,000,001
zepto- z 10-21 = 0.000,000,000,000,000,000,001
yocto- y 10-24 = 0.000,000,000,000,000,000,000,001

#### DERIVED UNITS

Most of the units in the International System are derived units, that is units defined in terms of base units and supplementary units. Derived units can be divided into two groups—those that have a special name and symbol, and those that do not.

WITHOUT NAMES AND SYMBOLS
Measure ofDerivation
acceleration m/s2
density kg/m3
electric field strength V/m
luminance cd/m2
magnetic field strength A/m
velocity m/s

WITH NAMES AND SYMBOLS
UnitMeasure ofSymbolDerivation
coulomb electric charge C A·s
farad electric capacitance F A·s/V
henry inductance H V·s/A
hertz frequency Hz cycles/s
joule quantity of energy J N·m
lumen flux of light lm cd·sr
lux illumination lx lm/m2
newton force N kg·m/s2
ohm electric resistance ΩV/A
pascal pressure Pa N/m2
tesla magnetic flux density T Wb/m2
volt voltage V W/A
watt power W J/s
weber magnetic flux Wb V·s

## measurement

(ˈmɛʒəmənt)
n
1. the act or process of measuring
2. an amount, extent, or size determined by measuring
3. a system of measures based on a particular standard

## meas•ure•ment

(ˈmɛʒ ər mənt)

n.
1. the act of measuring.
2. a measured dimension.
3. extent, size, etc., ascertained by measuring.
4. a system of measuring or measures: liquid measurement.

## meas·ure·ment

(mĕzh′ər-mənt)
A method for determining quantity, capacity, or dimension. All systems of measurement use units whose amounts have been arbitrarily set and agreed upon by a group of people. Several systems of measurement are in common use, notably the United States Customary System and the metric system. The metric system has been officially adopted as the international standard for use in science, providing scientists all over the world with an efficient way of comparing the results of experiments conducted at different times and in different places.

## Measurement

the measurement of the relative amount of acetic acid in a given subtance. — acetimetrical, adj.
Chemistry. the determination of the amount of free acid in a liquid. — acidimeter, n. — acidimetrical, adj.
measurement of pain by means of an algometer.
the measurement of evaporation in the air. — atmidometer, n.
1. the measurement of oneself.
2. the measurement of a part of a figure as a fraction of the total figure’s height. — autometric, adj.
the measurement of distance or lines by means of a stave or staff.
the science of land surveying.
accurate measurement of short intervals of time by means of a chronoscope. — chronoscopic, adj.
the science of measuring the universe.
the measurement of extremely low temperatures, by means of a cryometer.
the measurement of circles.
the measurement by a dosimeter of the dosage of radiation a per-son has received. See also drugs. — dosimetrist, n. — dosimetric, dosimetrical, adj.
measurement of the red blood cells in the blood, by use of an erythrocytometer.
the science of measuring and analyzing gases by means of a eudiometer.
the measurement of fluorescence, or visible radiation, by means of a fluorometer. — fluorometric, adj.
the measurement of the strength of electric currents, by means of a galvanometer. — galvanometric, galvanometrical, adj.
the measurement of the amounts of the gases in a mixture. — gasometer, n. — gasometric, gasometrical, adj.
the practice or theory of measuring angles, especially by means of a goniometer.
the measurement of the dimensions and angles of the planes of salt crystals. — halometer, n.
the practice of measuring the angular distance between stars by means of a heliometer. — heliometric, heliometrical, adj.
the art or science of measuring time. — horometrical, adj.
the measurement of altitude and heights, especially with refer-ence to sea level. — hypsometric, hypsometrical, adj.
the practice and art of determining the strength and coloring power of an indigo solution.
equality of measure. — isometric, isometrical, adj.
the measurement of impurities in the air by means of a konimeter. — konimetric, adj.
1. the measuring and recording of variations in fluid pressure, as blood pressure.
2. the measuring and recording of the angular oscillations of an aircraft in flight, with respect to an axis or axes flxed in space. — kymograph, n. — kymographic, adj.
Rare. an instrument for measuring large objects. See also geography.
1. the act, process, or science of measurement.
2. the branch of geometry dealing with measurement of length, area, or volume. — mensurate, mensurational, adj.
the study and science of measures and weights. — metrologist, n. — metrological, adj.
the measurement of osmotic pressure, or the force a dissolved substance exerts on a semipermeable membrane through which it cannot pass when separated by it from a pure solvent. — osmometric, adj.
the measurement of bones.
the determination or estimation of the quantity of oxide formed on a substance. — oxidimetric, adj.
Obsolete, the realm of geometrical measurements, taken as a whole. — pantometer, n. — pantometric, pantometrical, adj.
the measurement of pressure or compressibility, as with a piezometer. — piezometric, adj.
the measurement of the plasticity of materials, as with a plastometer. — plastometric, adj.
the measurement of the capacity of the lungs. — pulmometer, n.
the measurement of temperatures greater than 1500 degrees Celsius. — pyrometer, n. — pyrometric, pyrometrical, adj.
the measurement of electric current, usually with a galvanometer. — rheometric, adj.
a means of surveying in which distances are measured by reading intervals on a graduated rod intercepted by two parallel cross hairs in the telescope of a surveying instrument. — stadia, adj.
1. the process of determining the volume and dimensions of a solid.
2. the process of determining the specific gravity of a liquid. — stereometric, adj.
the measurement of distance, height, elevation, etc., with a tachymeter.
the science or use of the telemeter; long-distance measurement.
the measurement of the turbidity of water or other fluids, as with a turbidimeter. — turbidimetric, adj.
measurement of the specific gravity of urine, by means of an urinometer.
the measurement of the volume of a solid body by means of a volumenometer.
the measurement of the volume of solids, gases, or liquids; volumetric analysis. — volumetric, volumetrical, adj.
the measurement and comparison of the sizes of animals and their parts. — zoometric, adj.

## measurement

measure
1. 'measurement'

A measurement is a result obtained by measuring something.

Check the measurements carefully.
Every measurement was exact.
2. 'measure'

You do not use 'measurement' to refer to an action taken by a government. The word you use is measure.

Measures had been taken to limit the economic decline.
Day nurseries were started as a war-time measure to allow mothers to work.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:

## measurement

noun
1. Some of the measurements are doubtless inaccurate.
2. Measurement of blood pressure can be undertaken by the practice nurse.

## measurement

noun
The act or process of ascertaining dimensions, quantity, or capacity:
Translations
قِياسمَقاييس الجِسِممَقاييس، حَجم، مساحَه
měřenímírarozměr
målmåling
mittaus
megmérésmérésméret
mælingmál
meranie
velikost
mätningmått
ölç meölçü

## measurement

[ˈmeʒəmənt] N
1. (= size) →
bust/hip measurementcontorno m de pecho/de caderas
inside leg measurementlargo m de entrepierna
waist measurementcintura f, talle m
to take sb's measurementstomar las medidas a algn
2. (= act, system) →

## measurement

[ˈmɛʒərmənt]
n
[waist, bust] → tour m
What is your waist measurement? → Quel est votre tour de taille?
chest measurement → tour m de poitrine
hip measurement → tour m de hanches
[level, pressure] → measurements
npl
(for clothes)mesures fpl
to take sb's measurements → prendre les mesures de qn
to take measurements [scientist] → procéder à des mesures; [craftsman] → measuring jug nmeasuring tape n

## measurement

n
(= act)Messung f; the metric system of measurementdas metrische Maßsystem
(= measure)Maß nt; (= figure)Messwert m; (fig)Maßstab m; to take somebody’s measurementsan jdm or bei jdm Maß nehmen

## measurement

[ˈmɛʒəmənt] n (act) → ; (measure) → misura
to take sb's measurements → prendere le misure di or a qn
chest/hip measurement →

## measure

(ˈmeʒə) noun
1. an instrument for finding the size, amount etc of something. a glass measure for liquids; a tape-measure.
2. a unit. The metre is a measure of length.
3. a system of measuring. dry/liquid/square measure.
4. a plan of action or something done. We must take (= use, or put into action) certain measures to stop the increase in crime.
5. a certain amount. a measure of sympathy.
6. (in music) the musical notes contained between two bar lines.
verb
1. to find the size, amount etc of (something). He measured the table.
2. to show the size, amount etc of. A thermometer measures temperature.
3. (with against, ~besides etc) to judge in comparison with. She measured her skill in cooking against her friend's.
4. to be a certain size. This table measures two metres by one metre.
ˈmeasurement noun
1. size, amount etc found by measuring. What are the measurements of this room?
2. the sizes of various parts of the body, usually the distance round the chest, waist and hips. What are your measurements, madam?
3. the act of measuring. We can find the size of something by means of measurement.
beyond measure
very great. I'm offering you riches beyond measure!
for good measure
as something extra or above the minimum necessary. The shopkeeper weighed out the sweets and put in a few more for good measure.
full measure
(no less than) the correct amount. We must ensure that customers get full measure.
made to measure (of clothing) made to fit the measurements of a particular person: Was your jacket made to measure?; adjective (etc)
measure out
to mark (off), weigh (out) a certain distance, amount. He measured out a kilo of sugar.
measure up (often with to)
to reach a certain required standard. John's performance doesn't measure up (to the others).

## measurement

n (act) medición f, (value obtained) valor m, medida; Blood glucose measurement is easy..La medición de la glucosa en sangre es fácil.
References in classic literature ?
Measurement owes its existence to Earth; Estimation of quantity to Measurement; Calculation to Estimation of quantity; Balancing of chances to Calculation; and Victory to Balancing of chances.
a sulk and pout, by carpenter's measurement, about twenty feet long and five feet deep; a sulk and pout that will yield you some 500 gallons of oil and more.
Dimension implies direction, implies measurement, implies the more and the less.
1]On Barsoom the AD is the basis of linear measurement.
The prisoner counted the measurement again, and paced faster, to draw his mind with him from that latter repetition.
Here I was, a giant among pig- mies, a man among children, a master intelligence among intellectual moles: by all rational measurement the one and only actually great man in that whole British world; and yet there and then, just as in the remote England of my birth-time, the sheep-witted earl who could claim long descent from a king's leman, acquired at second-hand from the slums of London, was a better man than I was.
I will translate that child-murder word for word, to give the reader a realizing sense of what a fifth part of the reading-matter of a Munich daily actually is when it comes under measurement of the eye:
Thompson, surveyor to the Northwest Company; who, by the joint means of the barometer and trigonometric measurement, ascertained it to be twenty-five thousand feet above the level of the sea; an elevation only inferior to that of the Himalayas.
Tahoe is one thousand five hundred and twenty-five feet deep in the centre, by the state geologist's measurement.
He began to get accurate measurement of his strength and his weakness, and to know when to be bold and when to be cautious.
At the close of the eighteenth century Herschel, armed with a powerful telescope, considerably reduced the preceding measurements.
The account he had given of himself stated that he was a surveyor, engaged in taking measurements for a new map of that part of the country, shortly to be published.

Site: Follow: Share:
Open / Close