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Related to meiofauna: macrofauna, infauna, Epifauna, supralittoral


n. pl. meiofauna or mei·o·fau·nas
Small animals of benthic sediments, such as nematodes and copepods.

[Greek meiōn, less; see mei- in Indo-European roots + fauna.]

mei′o·fau′nal adj.


(Zoology) the component of the fauna of a sea or lake bed comprising small (but not microscopic) animals, such as tiny worms and crustaceans
[C20: from Greek meiōn less + fauna]
ˌmeioˈfaunal adj
References in periodicals archive ?
From the invisible world of meiofauna living in the sands of our beaches to a cephalopod called the 'Vampire Squid from Hell' stalking the lightless depths, Hird takes us on an astonishing journey as he follows the tides and currents from shoreline to the bone-crushing pressure of the deep sea.
Partitioning the contributions of mega-, macro-and meiofauna to benthic metabolism on the upper continental slope of New Zealand: Potential links with environmental factor sand trawling intensity.
One study on the human presence in the Porto de Galinhas reef (Northeast Coast, Pernambuco) found that marine trampling had led to severe changes on the meiofauna.
Spatiotemporal variations in prey assemblages were not assessed in this study; however, prior investigations in the Narragansett Bay have revealed substantial changes in abundances of benthic meiofauna and macrofauna across sites and seasons (Rudnick et al.
Alem disso, no fundo do manancial o movimento e migracao da meiofauna (organismos pequenos, mas nao microscopicos, que habitam os sedimentos) abrem os intersticios do sedimento permitindo a infiltracao.
a) Laboratorio de Meiofauna, Departamento de Zoologia, Centro de Ciencias Biologicas--CCB, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco--UFPE, Av.
In many locales, early juvenile spot have been found to prey heavily on benthic meiofauna, and in some situations have been suggested to play a role in control of meiofaunal densities.
However, in the marine literature psammic comunities are more often referred to as meiofauna.
Meiofauna are generally defined as animals 45 [micro]m to 1 mm that live between sediment grains (Mare, 1942; Giere, 2009).