meiosis(redirected from meioses)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
top to bottom:In meiosis a parent cell replicates and recombines, divides once to create two daughter cells, then divides again creating four daughter cells, each of which has half the genetic content of the original parent cell.
n. pl. mei·o·ses (-sēz′)
1. Genetics The process of cell division in sexually reproducing organisms that reduces the number of chromosomes from diploid to haploid, as in the production of gametes.
2. Rhetorical understatement.
[Greek meiōsis, diminution, from meioun, to diminish, from meiōn, less; see mei- in Indo-European roots.]
mei·ot′ic (-ŏt′ĭk) adj.
n, pl -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1. (Biology) a type of cell division in which a nucleus divides into four daughter nuclei, each containing half the chromosome number of the parent nucleus: occurs in all sexually reproducing organisms in which haploid gametes or spores are produced. Compare mitosis See also prophase2
2. (Rhetoric) rhetoric another word for litotes
[C16: via New Latin from Greek: a lessening, from meioun to diminish, from meiōn less]
1. part of the process of gamete formation in sexual reproduction consisting of chromosome conjugation and two cell divisions after which the chromosome number is reduced by half. Compare mitosis.
2. expressive understatement, esp. litotes.
[1580–90; < Greek meíōsis a lessening =meiō-, variant s. of meioûn to lessen (derivative of meíōn less) + -sis -sis]
mei•ot•ic (maɪˈɒt ɪk) adj.
In early prophase, chromosomes line up to form pairs, centrioles move toward opposite ends of the cell, and the membrane surrounding the nucleus disappears. In late prophase, the chromatids line up along the center of the cell. During metaphase, each member of a chromatid pair becomes attached to spindle fibers from opposite ends of the cell. In anaphase, the chromosomes from each chromatid pair separate and begin to move toward opposite ends of the cell. During telophase, the cell divides into two new daughter cells, each with half the original number of chromosomes. In second telophase, each of the two daughter cells from the first division divides again to produce a total of four daughter cells, each having just a single set of chromosomes.
A type of cell division, occurring in two phases, that reduces the number of chromosomes in reproductive cells to half the original number. It results in the production of reproductive cells (called gametes) in animals and the formation of spores in plants, fungi, and most algae. The first phase of meiosis involves duplication and then separation of the chromosomes, followed by division into two daughter cells that each contain half the number of chromosomes as the original cell. In the second phase, each daughter cell divides to form an additional reproductive cell. See Note at mitosis.
an expressive understatement, especially litotes. — meiotic, adj.See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||meiosis - (genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms; the nucleus divides into four nuclei each containing half the chromosome number (leading to gametes in animals and spores in plants)|
anaphase - the stage of meiosis or mitosis when chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the nuclear spindle
cell division, cellular division - the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divides to form daughter cells
cytokinesis - organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm of a cell following karyokinesis bringing about the separation into two daughter cells
karyokinesis - organic process consisting of the division of the nucleus of a cell during mitosis or meiosis
metaphase - the second stage of meiosis
nondisjunction - meiosis in which there is a failure of paired homologous chromosomes to separate; results in an abnormal number of chromosomes in the daughter cells
prophase - the first stage of meiosis
segregation - (genetics) the separation of paired alleles during meiosis so that members of each pair of alleles appear in different gametes
telophase - the final stage of meiosis when the chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the nuclear spindle
|2.||meiosis - understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary); "saying `I was not a little upset' when you mean `I was very upset' is an example of litotes"|
understatement - a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
rhetorical device - a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance)