melancholy


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mel·an·chol·y

 (mĕl′ən-kŏl′ē)
n.
1. Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom.
2. Pensive reflection or contemplation.
3. Archaic
a. Black bile.
b. An emotional state characterized by sullenness and outbreaks of violent anger, believed to arise from an excess of black bile.
adj.
1. Feeling, showing, or expressing depression of the spirits; sad or dejected. See Synonyms at sad.
2. Causing or tending to cause sadness or gloom: a letter with some melancholy news.
3. Pensive; thoughtful.

[Middle English melancolie, from Old French, from Late Latin melancholia, from Greek melankholiā : melās, melan-, black + kholē, bile; see ghel- in Indo-European roots.]

mel′an·chol′i·ly adv.
mel′an·chol′i·ness n.

melancholy

(ˈmɛlənkəlɪ)
n, pl -cholies
1. a constitutional tendency to gloominess or depression
2. a sad thoughtful state of mind; pensiveness
3. (Psychology) archaic
a. a gloomy character, thought to be caused by too much black bile
b. one of the four bodily humours; black bile. See humour8
adj
characterized by, causing, or expressing sadness, dejection, etc
[C14: via Old French from Late Latin melancholia, from Greek melankholia, from melas black + kholē bile]
melancholily adv
ˈmelanˌcholiness n

mel•an•chol•y

(ˈmɛl ənˌkɒl i)

n., pl. -chol•ies,
adj. n.
1. a gloomy state of mind; dejection.
2. thoughtfulness; pensiveness.
3.
a. a condition of depression and irritability formerly attributed to an excess of black bile.
adj.
4. affected with melancholy; depressed: a melancholy mood.
5. causing melancholy.
6. thoughtful; pensive.
[1275–1325; Middle English < Late Latin melancholia < Greek melancholía condition of having black bile =melan- melan- + chol(ḗ) bile + -ia -ia]

melancholy

  • elegiac - Can mean "melancholy, mournful."
  • brown study - Gloomy meditation or melancholy is known as being in a brown study.
  • hypochondria - First referred to the upper abdomen and the organs under the ribs (liver, gall bladder, spleen)—thought to be the source of melancholy.
  • tristful - Means "full of melancholy or sadness."

Melancholy

See also attitudes; moods

an abnormal tendency toward deep melancholy.
a condition of abnormal gloom or depression, of ten of an intensity to become a form of insanity. — melancholiac, n., adj. — melancholie, n., adj.
1. black bile, one of the four bodily humors, formerly believed to be the cause of gloom, ill temper, and depression.
2. melancholia.
3. a pensive, contemplative mood.
4. Obsolete, ill temper. — melancholiac, n., adj. — melancholie, n., adj.
melancholia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.melancholy - a feeling of thoughtful sadnessmelancholy - a feeling of thoughtful sadness  
sadness, unhappiness - emotions experienced when not in a state of well-being
gloom, gloominess, somberness, sombreness - a feeling of melancholy apprehension
heavyheartedness - a feeling of dispirited melancholy
pensiveness, brooding - persistent morbid meditation on a problem
Weltschmerz, world-weariness - sadness on thinking about the evils of the world
2.melancholy - a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
depression - a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
3.melancholy - a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness and melancholy
bodily fluid, body fluid, liquid body substance, humour, humor - the liquid parts of the body
Adj.1.melancholy - characterized by or causing or expressing sadnessmelancholy - characterized by or causing or expressing sadness; "growing more melancholy every hour"; "her melancholic smile"; "we acquainted him with the melancholy truth"
sad - experiencing or showing sorrow or unhappiness; "feeling sad because his dog had died"; "Better by far that you should forget and smile / Than that you should remember and be sad"- Christina Rossetti
2.melancholy - grave or even gloomy in character; "solemn and mournful music"; "a suit of somber black"; "a somber mood"
cheerless, depressing, uncheerful - causing sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy; "the economic outlook is depressing"; "something cheerless about the room"; "a moody and uncheerful person"; "an uncheerful place"

melancholy

noun
1. sadness, depression, misery, gloom, sorrow, woe, blues, unhappiness, despondency, the hump (Brit. informal), dejection, low spirits, gloominess, pensiveness He watched the process with an air of melancholy.
sadness delight, pleasure, joy, happiness, gladness

melancholy

nounadjective
2. Tending to cause sadness or low spirits:
Translations
سَوْداوي، حَزين، يُظْهِر الحُزْنكآبَه، سُوَيْداء
melancholickýmelancholie
melankolimelankolsk
búskomorbúskomorság
òunglyndi, depurîòunglyndur, dapur
憂うつ
melancholijamelancholiškas
melanholijaskumjš, grūtsirdīgs
melanchóliamelancholický
çok üzgünhüzünkederlimelânkoli

melancholy

[ˈmelənkəlɪ]
A. ADJ [person, mood] → melancólico; [duty, sight] → triste
B. Nmelancolía f

melancholy

[ˈmɛlənkɒli]
nmélancolie f
an air of melancholy → un air mélancolique
The general watched the parade with an air of melancholy → Le général regardait le défilé d'un air mélancolique.
adj
[sound, sight, picture] → mélancolique
(= unhappy) → mélancolique

melancholy

adjmelancholisch, schwermütig; duty, sight, truth etctraurig; placetrist
nMelancholie f, → Schwermut f

melancholy

[ˈmɛlənklɪ]
1. adj (person) → malinconico/a; (duty, subject) → triste
2. nmalinconia

melancholy

(ˈmelənkəli) noun
depression or sadness. He was overcome by a feeling of melancholy.
adjective
sad; showing or causing sadness. melancholy eyes.

melancholy

n melancolía, tristeza
References in classic literature ?
She put them in his buttonhole as a peace offering, and he stood a minute looking down at them with a curious expression, for in the Italian part of his nature there was a touch of superstition, and he was just then in that state of half-sweet, half-bitter melancholy, when imaginative young men find significance in trifles and food for romance everywhere.
His eyes were melancholy, and were set back deep under his brow.
On rainy or melancholy days Edna went out and sought the society of the friends she had made at Grand Isle.
He gave Cora an affectionate shake of the hand, lifted his rifle, and after regarding it a moment with melancholy solicitude, laid it carefully aside, and descended to the place where Chingachgook had just disappeared.
A thousand dreadful apprehensions presented themselves to my view, and had undoubtedly disposed me to melancholy, if further indulged.
The terror and ugliness of Maule's crime, and the wretchedness of his punishment, would darken the freshly plastered walls, and infect them early with the scent of an old and melancholy house.
In my native town of Salem, at the head of what, half a century ago, in the days of old King Derby, was a bustling wharf -- but which is now burdened with decayed wooden warehouses, and exhibits few or no symptoms of commercial life; except, perhaps, a bark or brig, half-way down its melancholy length, discharging hides; or, nearer at hand, a Nova Scotia schooner, pitching out her cargo of firewood -- at the head, I say, of this dilapidated wharf, which the tide often overflows, and along which, at the base and in the rear of the row of buildings, the track of many languid years is seen in a border of unthrifty grass -- here, with a view from its front windows adown this not very enlivening prospect, and thence across the harbour, stands a spacious edifice of brick.
No signs of life occurred near him, but occasionally the melancholy chirp of a cricket, or perhaps the guttural twang of a bull-frog from a neighboring marsh, as if sleeping uncomfortably and turning suddenly in his bed.
I suppose I had expected, or had dreaded, something so melancholy that what greeted me was a good surprise.
Then arose a slim, melancholy girl, whose face had the "interesting" paleness that comes of pills and indi- gestion, and read a "poem.
George has already gone to his brother-in-law's, to superintend the last melancholy duties and I must follow him before the funeral takes place.
Besides, I wrote at the end of the afternoon, a melancholy time.