melancholy


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

mel·an·chol·y

 (mĕl′ən-kŏl′ē)
n.
1. Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom.
2. Pensive reflection or contemplation.
3. Archaic
a. Black bile.
b. An emotional state characterized by sullenness and outbreaks of violent anger, believed to arise from an excess of black bile.
adj.
1. Feeling, showing, or expressing depression of the spirits; sad or dejected. See Synonyms at sad.
2. Causing or tending to cause sadness or gloom: a letter with some melancholy news.
3. Pensive; thoughtful.

[Middle English malencolie, melancolie, from Old French, from Late Latin melancholia, from Greek melankholiā : melās, melan-, black + kholē, bile; see ghel- in Indo-European roots.]

mel′an·chol′i·ly adv.
mel′an·chol′i·ness n.

melancholy

(ˈmɛlənkəlɪ)
n, pl -cholies
1. a constitutional tendency to gloominess or depression
2. a sad thoughtful state of mind; pensiveness
3. (Psychology) archaic
a. a gloomy character, thought to be caused by too much black bile
b. one of the four bodily humours; black bile. See humour8
adj
characterized by, causing, or expressing sadness, dejection, etc
[C14: via Old French from Late Latin melancholia, from Greek melankholia, from melas black + kholē bile]
melancholily adv
ˈmelanˌcholiness n

mel•an•chol•y

(ˈmɛl ənˌkɒl i)

n., pl. -chol•ies,
adj. n.
1. a gloomy state of mind; dejection.
2. thoughtfulness; pensiveness.
3.
a. a condition of depression and irritability formerly attributed to an excess of black bile.
adj.
4. affected with melancholy; depressed: a melancholy mood.
5. causing melancholy.
6. thoughtful; pensive.
[1275–1325; Middle English < Late Latin melancholia < Greek melancholía condition of having black bile =melan- melan- + chol(ḗ) bile + -ia -ia]

melancholy

  • elegiac - Can mean "melancholy, mournful."
  • brown study - Gloomy meditation or melancholy is known as being in a brown study.
  • hypochondria - First referred to the upper abdomen and the organs under the ribs (liver, gall bladder, spleen)—thought to be the source of melancholy.
  • tristful - Means "full of melancholy or sadness."

Melancholy

See also attitudes; moods

an abnormal tendency toward deep melancholy.
a condition of abnormal gloom or depression, of ten of an intensity to become a form of insanity. — melancholiac, n., adj. — melancholie, n., adj.
1. black bile, one of the four bodily humors, formerly believed to be the cause of gloom, ill temper, and depression.
2. melancholia.
3. a pensive, contemplative mood.
4. Obsolete, ill temper. — melancholiac, n., adj. — melancholie, n., adj.
melancholia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.melancholy - a feeling of thoughtful sadnessmelancholy - a feeling of thoughtful sadness  
sadness, unhappiness - emotions experienced when not in a state of well-being
gloom, gloominess, somberness, sombreness - a feeling of melancholy apprehension
heavyheartedness - a feeling of dispirited melancholy
pensiveness, brooding - persistent morbid meditation on a problem
Weltschmerz, world-weariness - sadness on thinking about the evils of the world
2.melancholy - a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
depression - a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
3.melancholy - a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness and melancholy
bodily fluid, body fluid, liquid body substance, humour, humor - the liquid parts of the body
Adj.1.melancholy - characterized by or causing or expressing sadnessmelancholy - characterized by or causing or expressing sadness; "growing more melancholy every hour"; "her melancholic smile"; "we acquainted him with the melancholy truth"
sad - experiencing or showing sorrow or unhappiness; "feeling sad because his dog had died"; "Better by far that you should forget and smile / Than that you should remember and be sad"- Christina Rossetti
2.melancholy - grave or even gloomy in character; "solemn and mournful music"; "a suit of somber black"; "a somber mood"
cheerless, depressing, uncheerful - causing sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy; "the economic outlook is depressing"; "something cheerless about the room"; "a moody and uncheerful person"; "an uncheerful place"

melancholy

noun
1. sadness, depression, misery, gloom, sorrow, woe, blues, unhappiness, despondency, the hump (Brit. informal), dejection, low spirits, gloominess, pensiveness He watched the process with an air of melancholy.
sadness delight, pleasure, joy, happiness, gladness

melancholy

nounadjective
2. Tending to cause sadness or low spirits:
Translations
سَوْداوي، حَزين، يُظْهِر الحُزْنكآبَه، سُوَيْداء
melancholickýmelancholie
melankolimelankolsk
búskomorbúskomorság
òunglyndi, depurîòunglyndur, dapur
憂うつ
melancholijamelancholiškas
melanholijaskumjš, grūtsirdīgs
melanchóliamelancholický
çok üzgünhüzünkederlimelânkoli

melancholy

[ˈmelənkəlɪ]
A. ADJ [person, mood] → melancólico; [duty, sight] → triste
B. Nmelancolía f

melancholy

[ˈmɛlənkɒli]
nmélancolie f
an air of melancholy → un air mélancolique
The general watched the parade with an air of melancholy → Le général regardait le défilé d'un air mélancolique.
adj
[sound, sight, picture] → mélancolique
(= unhappy) → mélancolique

melancholy

adjmelancholisch, schwermütig; duty, sight, truth etctraurig; placetrist
nMelancholie f, → Schwermut f

melancholy

[ˈmɛlənklɪ]
1. adj (person) → malinconico/a; (duty, subject) → triste
2. nmalinconia

melancholy

(ˈmelənkəli) noun
depression or sadness. He was overcome by a feeling of melancholy.
adjective
sad; showing or causing sadness. melancholy eyes.

melancholy

n melancolía, tristeza
References in classic literature ?
I can enjoy feeling melancholy, and there is a good deal of satisfaction about being thoroughly miserable; but nobody likes a fit of the blues.
Around, by lifting winds forgot, Resignedly beneath the sky The melancholy waters lie.
As the manager of the Performance sits before the curtain on the boards and looks into the Fair, a feeling of profound melancholy comes over him in his survey of the bustling place.
As yet had he known only tears, and the melancholy of the Hebrews, together with the hatred of the good and just--the Hebrew Jesus: then was he seized with the longing for death.
my Laura (returned she) avoid so melancholy a subject, I intreat you.
Seven grown-up daughters was a melancholy sight for the contemplation of the parents, and they both felt like venders of goods who were exhibiting their wares to the best advantage.
She felt that she had, indeed, been three months there; and the sun's rays falling strongly into the parlour, instead of cheering, made her still more melancholy, for sunshine appeared to her a totally different thing in a town and in the country.
he exclaimed, contemplating the melancholy result, "had I but chosen a mate for myself with half the care that I did for my Dog I should now be a proud and happy father.
He is very melancholy with Mademoiselle Karagina," said Pierre.
I wishes some misfortune hath not happened to him; for he hath been walking about with his arms across, and looking so melancholy, all this morning: I vow and protest it made me almost cry to see him.
There was something which might have touched the springs both of mirth and of melancholy in the ancient maidenliness with which Mrs.
Then arose a slim, melancholy girl, whose face had the "interesting" paleness that comes of pills and indi- gestion, and read a "poem.