meliorist


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mel·io·rism

 (mēl′yə-rĭz′əm, mē′lē-ə-)
n.
1. The belief that the human condition can be improved through concerted effort.
2. The belief that there is an inherent tendency toward progress or improvement in the human condition.

[Latin melior, better; see mel- in Indo-European roots + -ism.]

mel′io·rist n.
mel′io·ris′tic adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.meliorist - a disputant who advocates reformmeliorist - a disputant who advocates reform  
controversialist, disputant, eristic - a person who disputes; who is good at or enjoys controversy
abolitionist, emancipationist - a reformer who favors abolishing slavery
birth-control campaigner, birth-control reformer - a social reformer who advocates birth control and family planning
Chartist - a 19th century English reformer who advocated better social and economic conditions for working people
civil rights activist, civil rights leader, civil rights worker - a leader of the political movement dedicated to securing equal opportunity for members of minority groups
protester, demonstrator - someone who participates in a public display of group feeling
dry, prohibitionist - a reformer who opposes the use of intoxicating beverages
conservationist, environmentalist - someone who works to protect the environment from destruction or pollution
flower child, hippie, hippy, hipster - someone who rejects the established culture; advocates extreme liberalism in politics and lifestyle
freedom fighter, insurgent, insurrectionist, rebel - a person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority (especially in the hope of improving conditions)
activist, militant - a militant reformer
non-resistant, passive resister - a reformer who believes in passive resistance
preservationist - someone who advocates the preservation of historical sites or endangered species or natural areas
Utopian - an idealistic (but usually impractical) social reformer; "a Utopian believes in the ultimate perfectibility of man"
References in periodicals archive ?
That lets New York magazine's house politico play the practical-minded meliorist agog at his own cohort's naivete.
I say "veers towards" because the distinction I make between eutopia and utopia do not hinge on the categories existent/inexistent, but on those of possible (plausible)/impossible (implausible); thus, according to my systematisation, Zuccolo's Evandria, a meliorist mimetic rather than fantastic fiction, also remains, together with San Marino, a eutopia and does not belong to the species of outopias.
One side is mildly meliorist, tied closely to the finance-driven model of growth, open to the business lobbies, favorable to trade deals, prone to compromise on Social Security, and to elevate con jobs like microfinance to the status of major public policy achievements.
It was a hideous embarrassment to the prevailing Meliorist myth .
In Classics, by contrast, he was a meliorist who believed that ancient texts, over the centuries, could be gradually improved and restored to an approximation of their original state.
While his oeuvre as a whole demonstrates a great love for Britain, he is, in the end, a meliorist, standing firm between two extremes.
He comes not to condemn but to conduct a systematic examination of government performance "in a pragmatic, moderate, meliorist spirit.
While the standard indicates attention to "diverse students" (a social meliorist discourse, Kliebard, 1994), this standard relates more closely to a developmentalist model in demanding teacher candidates tailor teaching for pupils based on "developmentally appropriate instruction for the grade.
But he finds a meliorist solution in a powerful redistributive state such as historically existed, and continues to exist, in his native France--albeit now under threat from the tax and regulatory competition between states that characterizes our new, globalized world.
It is individualist, in that it asserts the moral primacy of the person against the claims of any social collectivity: egalitarian, inasmuch as it confers on all men the same moral status and denies the relevance to legal or political order of differences in moral worth among human beings; universalist, affirming the moral unity of the human species and according a secondary importance to specific historic associations and cultural forms; and meliorist in its affirmation of the corrigibility and improvability of all social institutions and political arrangements.
Despite the divergence in choice of genre, this experimentation situates Lefanu alongside the rational and meliorist empiricism of some of her female forebears, narrowing the alleged gap between a rational approach to children's literature and one that prefers the distinctions of fantasy and fairy tale.
The notion of "social studies," widely adopted in the rhetoric and curricula of schools across Ontario in the 1930s, was intimately connected to the social meliorist orientation toward progressive schooling.