membrane


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Related to membrane: plasma membrane, Membrane keyboard, membrane potential, Membrane Theory, membrane stripping

mem·brane

 (mĕm′brān′)
n.
1. Biology
a. A thin, pliable layer of tissue covering surfaces or separating or connecting regions, structures, or organs of a living organism.
b. A semipermeable layer that bounds a cell or an organelle, typically consisting of lipids and proteins.
2. A thin, pliable sheet or layer of natural or synthetic material: the resonating membrane of a kazoo.
3. A piece of parchment.
4. Chemistry A thin sheet of natural or synthetic material that is permeable to substances in solution.

[Latin membrāna, skin, from membrum, member of the body.]

mem′bra·nal (-brə-nəl) adj.

membrane

(ˈmɛmbreɪn)
n
1. any thin pliable sheet of material
2. (Biology) a pliable sheetlike usually fibrous tissue that covers, lines, or connects plant and animal organs or cells
3. (Biology) biology a double layer of lipid, containing some proteins, that surrounds biological cells and some of their internal structures
4. (Atomic Physics) physics a two-dimensional entity postulated as a fundamental constituent of matter in superstring theories of particle physics
5. (Historical Terms) a skin of parchment forming part of a roll
[C16: from Latin membrāna skin covering a part of the body, from membrum member]

mem•brane

(ˈmɛm breɪn)

n.
1. a thin, pliable sheet or layer of animal or vegetable tissue, serving to line an organ, connect parts, etc.
2. any thin, pliable material used as a filter, separator, resonator, etc.
[1375–1425; late Middle English; Middle English membraan parchment < Latin membrāna. See member, -an1]
mem′brane•less, adj.

mem·brane

(mĕm′brān′)
1. A thin, flexible layer of tissue that covers, lines, separates, or connects cells or parts of an organism. See cell membrane.
2. Chemistry A thin sheet of natural or synthetic material that is permeable to substances in solution.

membrane

A thin lining or layer.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.membrane - a thin pliable sheet of materialmembrane - a thin pliable sheet of material  
drumhead, head - a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum
gel, gelatin - a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects
flat solid, sheet - a flat artifact that is thin relative to its length and width
2.membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plantsmembrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
trophoblast - the membrane that forms the wall of the blastocyst in early development; aids implantation in the uterine wall; "after implantation of the blastocyst in the uterine wall the trophoblast divides into two layers, the chorion and the placenta"
chorioallantoic membrane, chorioallantois - the very vascular fetal membrane composed of the fused chorion and adjacent wall of the allantois
web - membrane connecting the toes of some aquatic birds and mammals
Bowman's capsule, capsula glomeruli, glomerular capsule - thin double membrane surrounding the glomerulus of a nephron
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
axolemma - outer membrane covering an axon
basilar membrane - a membrane in the cochlea that supports the organ of Corti
fetal membrane - any membrane that functions for the protection or nourishment or respiration or excretion of a developing fetus
choroid, choroid coat - a highly vascular membrane in the eye between the retina and the sclera; a dark pigmentation minimizes the scattering of light inside the eye
ciliary body - the part of the tunic of the eye between the choroid coat and the iris; "the ciliary body produces aqueous humor"
cornea - the transparent dome-shaped anterior portion of the outer covering of the eye; it covers the iris and pupil and is continuous with the sclera
diaphragm, midriff - (anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; functions in respiration
eardrum, myringa, tympanic membrane, tympanum - the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound
endocranium - membrane lining the inside of the skull
endosteum - vascular membrane that lines the inner surface of long bones
ependyma - thin epithelial membrane lining the ventricles of the brain and the spinal cord canal
fertilization membrane - the membrane that forms around a fertilized ovum and prevents penetration by additional spermatozoon
hyaloid, hyaloid membrane - the transparent membrane enveloping the vitreous humor of the eye and separating it from the retina
intima - the innermost membrane of an organ (especially the inner lining of an artery or vein or lymphatic vessel)
iris - muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil which in turn controls the amount of light that enters the eye; it forms the colored portion of the eye
lamella - a thin membrane that is one of the calcified layers that form bones
meninges, meninx - a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
mucosa, mucous membrane - mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages that communicate with the exterior
periosteum - a dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (except at their extremities) and serving as an attachment for tendons and muscles; contains nerves and blood vessels that nourish the enclosed bone
perithelium - tissue layer around small blood vessels
retina - the innermost light-sensitive membrane covering the back wall of the eyeball; it is continuous with the optic nerve
sarcolemma - an extensible membrane enclosing the contractile substance of a muscle fiber
semipermeable membrane - a membrane (as a cell membrane) that allows some molecules to pass through but not others
serosa, serous membrane - a thin membrane lining the closed cavities of the body; has two layers with a space between that is filled with serous fluid
synovial membrane, synovium - a thin membrane in synovial (freely moving) joints that lines the joint capsule and secretes synovial fluid
adventitia, tunic, tunica - an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue
phospholipid - any of various compounds composed of fatty acids and phosphoric acid and a nitrogenous base; an important constituent of membranes

membrane

noun layer, film, skin, tissue, veil, diaphragm the mucous membrane

membrane

noun
A thin outer covering of an object:
Translations
غِشاء، أغْشِيَه
membránablána
hindemembran
kalvo
membrana
himna
membrana
apvalksmembrānaplēve
membrána

membrane

[ˈmembreɪn] Nmembrana f

membrane

[ˈmɛmbreɪn] nmembrane f

membrane

nMembran(e) f

membrane

[ˈmɛmbreɪn] nmembrana

membrane

(ˈmembrein) noun
a thin film or layer of tissue that covers or lines parts of the body, forms the outside of cells etc.

mem·brane

n. membrana, capa fina que sirve de cubierta o protección a una cavidad, estructura u órgano;
elastic ______ elástica;
mucous ______ mucosa;
nuclear ______ nuclear;
permeable ______ permeable;
placental ______ de la placenta;
semipermeable ______ semipermeable;
synovial ______ sinovial;
tympanic ______ timpánica.

membrane

n membrana; mucous — membrana mucosa; tympanic — membrana timpánica
References in classic literature ?
While the ear of the former has an external opening, that of the latter is entirely and evenly covered over with a membrane, so as to be quite imperceptible from without.
Whatever pure thou in the body enjoy'st (And pure thou wert created) we enjoy In eminence, and obstacle find none Of membrane, joynt, or limb, exclusive barrs: Easier then Air with Air, if Spirits embrace, Total they mix, Union of Pure with Pure Desiring; nor restrain'd conveyance need As Flesh to mix with Flesh, or Soul with Soul.
In a flash the conception of a membrane telephone was pictured in his mind.
The shells were a little open; the Captain came near and put his dagger between to prevent them from closing; then with his hand he raised the membrane with its fringed edges, which formed a cloak for the creature.
But despite his caution, a tiny cut so small that it had escaped his searching, had come in contact with the infected mucous membrane and blood poisoning had set in.
Now, in this case, the bone is certainly not the forearm, and you can see for yourself that this is a single membrane hanging upon a single bone, and therefore that it cannot belong to a bat.
While most of them commenced patching the tears of the membrane, half a dozen of them started off for the nearest road in search of a gas main, and presently found themselves prisoners in the hands of a hostile crowd.
Another few minutes would have done for me, I am sure, but the warmth of the interior helped to revive me, aided and abetted by some brandy which Bradley poured down my throat, from which it nearly removed the membrane.
His eyes were half-filmed over by a growth of morbid membrane, and what was not yet covered shone red and irritated.
In South America, a burrowing rodent, the tuco-tuco, or Ctenomys, is even more subterranean in its habits than the mole; and I was assured by a Spaniard, who had often caught them, that they were frequently blind; one which I kept alive was certainly in this condition, the cause, as appeared on dissection, having been inflammation of the nictitating membrane.
On each side of the lower surface, or foot, there is a broad membrane, which appears sometimes to act as a ventilator, in causing a current of water to flow over the dorsal branchiae or lungs.
In proportion to the vigor of the individual these revolutions are frequent, until in some happier mind they are incessant and all worldly relations hang very loosely about him, becoming as it were a transparent fluid membrane through which the living form is seen, and not, as in most men, an indurated heterogeneous fabric of many dates and of no settled character, in which the man is imprisoned.

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