meniscus

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meniscus
anterior view of a knee joint

me·nis·cus

 (mə-nĭs′kəs)
n. pl. me·nis·ci (-nĭs′ī, -kī, -kē) or me·nis·cus·es
1. A crescent-shaped body.
2. A concavo-convex lens.
3. The curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a container that is concave if the liquid wets the container walls and convex if it does not.
4. A cartilage disk that acts as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet in a joint.

[New Latin, from Greek mēniskos, diminutive of mēnē, moon, month; see mē- in Indo-European roots.]

me·nis′cal (-kəl), me·nis′cate′ (-kăt′), me·nis′coid′ (-koid′), men′is·coi′dal (mĕn′ĭs-koid′l) adj.

meniscus

(mɪˈnɪskəs)
n, pl -nisci (-ˈnɪsaɪ) or -niscuses
1. (General Physics) the curved upper surface of a liquid standing in a tube, produced by the surface tension
2. a crescent or half-moon-shaped body or design
3. (Anatomy) a crescent-shaped fibrous cartilage between the bones at certain joints, esp at the knee
4. (General Physics) a crescent-shaped lens; a concavo-convex or convexo-concave lens
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek mēniskos crescent, diminutive of mēnē moon]
meˈniscoid adj

me•nis•cus

(mɪˈnɪs kəs)

n., pl. -nis•ci (-ˈnɪs aɪ, -ˈnɪs kaɪ, -ki) -nis•cus•es.
1. a crescent or a crescent-shaped body.
2. the convex or concave upper surface of a column of liquid, the curvature of which is caused by surface tension.
3. a concavo-convex or convexo-concave lens.
4. a wedge of cartilage between the articulating ends of the bones in certain joints.
[1685–95; < New Latin < Greek mēnískos crescent, diminutive of mḗnē moon]

me·nis·cus

(mə-nĭs′kəs)
1. A lens that is concave on one side and convex on the other.
2. The curved upper surface of a column of liquid. The surface is concave if the molecules of the liquid are attracted to the container walls and convex if they are not.
3. A piece of cartilage shaped like a crescent and located at the junction of two bones in a joint, such as the knee. See more at joint.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.meniscus - (anatomy) a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a jointmeniscus - (anatomy) a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a joint
cartilage, gristle - tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
anatomy, general anatomy - the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
2.meniscus - (optics) a lens that is concave on one side and convex on the other
lens, lens system, lense - a transparent optical device used to converge or diverge transmitted light and to form images
optics - the branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
3.meniscus - (physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a vertical tube
surface - the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary; "there is a special cleaner for these surfaces"; "the cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
Translations

meniscus

[məˈnɪskəs] N (meniscuses or menisci (pl)) [mɪˈnɪsaɪ]menisco m

meniscus

n pl <menisci> → Meniskus m

meniscus

[mɪˈnɪskəs] n (meniscuses or menisci (pl)) [mɪˈnɪsaɪ]menisco

me·nis·cus

n. menisco, estructura cartilaginosa de forma lunar.

meniscus

n (pl -ci) menisco; torn — menisco roto
References in periodicals archive ?
Arthroscopy is currently considered gold standard for evaluating injuries to menisci and ligaments.
With the cadaveric specimen mounted in the testing apparatus, an anterior arthrotomy was carefully created under the medial and lateral menisci being sure to avoid disrupting the anterior root attachments and patellar tendon.
Menisci are two fibrocartilaginos structures (medial and lateral) crescent shape and triangular section which are located inside the knee between the tibia and femur.
An additional 38 patients who were incidentally identified as having intact discoid lateral menisci on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were included in the control group.
An awkward twist when getting up from a chair may be enough to cause a tear, if the menisci have weakened with age.
The menisci (plural) also provide some stability within the knee, acting like bumpers.
Ogden, "Development of the menisci of the human knee joint.
Movement involves flexion and extension, with a small degree of rotation, and the joint is considered to be 'mobile' due to movement of the menisci during motion.
Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in injuries related to anterior cruciate ligament and menisci and compare its effectiveness with that of arthroscopy.
Menisci take over the task of reducing shock in case of overloading on the knee joint during weight bearing or sports performance [4].
Just as your entire knee joint can succumb to the effects of osteoarthritis (OAJ, so your menisci deteriorate with age, increasing your risk of degenerative tears.