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|Noun||1.||mental faculty - one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind|
ability, power - possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done; "danger heightened his powers of discrimination"
attention - the faculty or power of mental concentration; "keeping track of all the details requires your complete attention"
language, speech - the mental faculty or power of vocal communication; "language sets homo sapiens apart from all other animals"
retentiveness, retentivity, retention, memory - the power of retaining and recalling past experience; "he had a good memory when he was younger"
intellect, reason, understanding - the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; "we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil"
sensory faculty, sentiency, sentience, sense, sensation - the faculty through which the external world is apprehended; "in the dark he had to depend on touch and on his senses of smell and hearing"