mental retardation


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mental retardation

n. Often Offensive
Intellectual disability.

mental retardation

n
(Psychiatry) psychiatry the condition of having a low intelligence quotient (below 70)

men′tal retarda′tion


n.
a developmental disorder characterized in varying degrees by a subnormal ability to learn, a substantially low IQ, and impaired social adjustment.
[1900–15]

mental retardation

Below-average intellectual ability resulting from genetic defect, brain injury, or disease, and usually present from birth or early infancy.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mental retardation - lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
stupidity - a poor ability to understand or to profit from experience
mental defectiveness, abnormality - retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence
mental deficiency, moronity - mild mental retardation
amentia, idiocy - extreme mental retardation
imbecility - retardation more severe than a moron but not as severe as an idiot
References in periodicals archive ?
Determining whether someone has mental retardation is a very ordinary process that psychiatrists and psychologists do regularly," he said.
It also was of interest to me that the more severe forms of mental retardation such as phenylketonuria, Down syndrome, and so on, cut across all socioeconomic, racial, and cultural lines.
Pillay and Sargent (5) evaluated 10 rape survivors with possible mental retardation over the 12-month period ending 30 September 1999.
RCO's support for Bahrain Association for Mental Retardation is in line with its strategy to broaden its activities in order to reach out to all segments of the Bahraini society, as directed by His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, RCO's Honourary President, said Dr.
The scientists specifically found that the "fragile X mental retardation protein", which plays a crucial role in the cellular processes involved in learning and memory, needs five other proteins to function normally.
The group homes are intended to enable the state to close four of its six institutions for people with mental retardation as well as comply with a settlement agreement reached in the federal Rolland case.
Fundamentally, they show that the mental retardation results form several developmental, structural, and biochemical primary alterations in different neuronal cell types, caused by the presence of three copies of chromosome 21.
As Lon Mitchell, director of public affairs at the Lucas County (Ohio) Board of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, told my local newspaper, "One of the arguments against changing our name is, 'Will people who support those levies understand what we're asking for if we don't have the understandable name on the ballot?
We use the term mental retardation when referring to questionnaire items and students' responses to items, as well as in the results.
An 11-year-old girl with Sturge-Weber syndrome and associated seizures, mental retardation, behavioral disorder, and hemiparesis was referred to our otolaryngology department for evaluation of conductive hearing loss and recurrent otitis media.
While it is widely perceived that mental retardation (MR) is a condition that exists, it was also recognized that the term is prone to abuse, misinterpretation, and has devolved into an insult, especially for people with disabilities and family members.
The Seventh Annual Advanced Capital Cases Seminar, sponsored by the Florida Legislature's Commission on Capital Cases, will focus on the complicated area of mental retardation.

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